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Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The international community's commitment to halve global poverty by 2015 has been enshrined in the first Millennium Development Goal. How global poverty is measured is a critical element in assessing ... More


How Not to Count the Poor

Sanjay G. Reddy and Thomas Pogge

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the World Bank's approach to estimating the extent, distribution, and trend of global income poverty is neither meaningful nor reliable. The Bank uses an arbitrary ... More


Global Poverty, Taxation, and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How could we move closer to achieving global justice? In chapters 5 through 9 the case against the feasibility skeptic builds, as we see that there is much we can do that would constitute real ... More


From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Pablo Gilabert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Do we have positive duties to help others in need or are our moral duties only negative, focused on not harming them? Are any of the former duties of justice that respond to enforceable rights? Is ... More


Introduction

Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The measurement and tracking of global poverty is a critical element in assessing progress towards the first Millennium Development Goal, and different researchers have presented widely-varying ... More


Negative duties and the libertarian challenge

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A defense of basic positive duties of justice must address the standard libertarian objections to the enforcement of assistance. Focusing on Jan Narveson’s contractarian construal of libertarianism, ... More


Basic positive duties of justice: a contractualist defense

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a contractualist account of basic positive duties of justice fulfilling the global sufficientarian demand to eradicate severe global poverty. It draws on, and further develops, ... More


Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Gillian Brock

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a viable cosmopolitan model of global justice that takes seriously the equal moral worth of persons, yet leaves scope for defensible forms of nationalism and for other legitimate ... More


Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or Measuring Growth in a Poor World) 1

Angus Deaton

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The extent to which growth reduces global poverty has been disputed for several decades. Although there are better data than ever before, controversies are not resolved. A major problem is that ... More


Inter‐country Comparisons of Income Poverty Based on a Capability Approach †

Sanjay G. Reddy, Sujata Visaria, and Muhammad Asali

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that inter-country comparisons of income poverty based on poverty lines uniformly reflecting the costs of the basic requirements of human beings are superior to the existing ... More


Assessing the Statist Ideal

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the complaint that the statist ideal is excessively biased in favour of the status quo and argues that this critique is only partly successful. While the statists’ (especially ... More


Obligations of Justice and Beneficence to Aid the Severely Poor

Elizabeth Ashford

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes a close look at Peter Singer's argument that we have individual obligations to help those suffering from chronic severe poverty. The chapter compares Singer's drowning child ... More


A multidimensional response to tackling child poverty and disparities: reflections from the Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities

Gaspar Fajth, Sharmila Kurukulasuriya, and Sólrún Engilbertsdóttir

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being: Measurement, Concepts, Policy and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781847424822
eISBN:
9781447307235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424822.003.0021
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

There are critical times in a child's life where failure to intervene can have irreversible impacts on their capabilities and quality of life. Although protecting the rights of all children and ... More


The Debate on Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality: Why Measurement Matters 1

Martin Ravallion

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Markedly different claims have been heard within the development community about how much progress is being made against poverty and inequality in the current period of globalization. This chapter ... More


Summary and conclusions

Paul Mosley

in The Politics of Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692125
eISBN:
9780191739286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692125.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Global poverty has halved over the last twenty years, an occurrence which, in all probability, has never happened before. Contrary to the ‘iron law of political impotence of the poor’ invoked by some ... More


Unequal Development in the 1990s: Growing Gaps in Human Capabilities 1

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and David Stewart

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses poverty trends by using human development outcomes rather than by using income measures alone. It shows that the the 1990s was a decade of prosperity and progress for the world ... More


How International Nongovernmental Organizations Should Act

Thomas Pogge

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes and critically discusses a principle that sets priorities for international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) in a world where their resources fall short dramatically of the ... More


Dimensions of Poverty and Inequality

Martin Ravallion

in The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190212766
eISBN:
9780190212803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212766.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter applies the concepts and analytic tools developed in Part Two to provide an overview of what we know about poverty and inequality in the world. The discussion is non-technical but it ... More


Evangelicals and Global Poverty

in Evangelicals and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199987634
eISBN:
9780199367818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987634.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The problem of global poverty can be approached either as a condition of unequal income distribution or as an inadequate level of economic production. Those who focus on distribution emphasize ... More


Antipoverty transfers and zero extreme poverty targets

Armando Barrientos

in Did the Millennium Development Goals Work?: Meeting Future Challenges with Past Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447335702
eISBN:
9781447335740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335702.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines how anti-poverty transfer programmes can drive global extreme poverty to zero. Current trends indicate that global poverty is a crucial issue not only in poor countries but also ... More


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