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Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, J. Timmons Roberts, and Michael J. Tierney

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213948
eISBN:
9780191707476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Every year, billions of dollars of environmental aid flow from the rich governments of the North to the poor governments of the South. Why do donors provide this aid? What do they seek to achieve? ... More


Gaia, the Grand Idea

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the Gaia hypothesis as well as two other competing hypotheses. Gaia, the idea that life moderates the global environment to make it more favorable for life, was ... More


Atmospheric Police: Delegated Authority in the Clean Development Mechanism

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why states decided to delegate key monitoring tasks to private actors in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. It first provides an overview of the ... More


Evolutionary Innovations and Environmental Change

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on internally generated changes due to evolutionary inventions of new forms life. These evolutionary inventions include the evolution of oxygen-yielding photosynthesis and the ... More


The Role of the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility in the Implementation of the Regime of the Convention on the Law of the Sea

David Freestone

in The Law of the Sea: Progress and Prospects

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299614
eISBN:
9780191714887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

After more than 20 years, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) still stands as a massive achievement in the history of codification efforts in international law. This chapter ... More


Globality through Local Eyes

Simon Avenell

in Transnational Japan in the Global Environmental Movement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824867133
eISBN:
9780824873721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824867133.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores Japanese groups’ involvement at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Responding to debates over global environmental problems such as climate ... More


Continuity and Change in American Foreign Environmental Policy

Stephen Hopgood

in American Foreign Environmental Policy and the Power of the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292593
eISBN:
9780191684920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292593.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses what has fundamentally changed in the making of American foreign environmental policy over three decades of international environmentalism. It describes three major ... More


The Secretariat of the Global Environment Facility: From Network to Bureaucracy

Lydia Andler

in Managers of Global Change: The Influence of International Environmental Bureaucracies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012744
eISBN:
9780262258593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012744.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Created one year before the 1992 Rio summit, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is mandated to fund projects designed to promote global environmental protection. In 1994, it was restructured in ... More


Atmospheric Environment in China: Introduction and Research Review

Chris P. Nielsen and Mun S. Ho

in Clearer Skies Over China: Reconciling Air Quality, Climate, and Economic Goals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019880
eISBN:
9780262315418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019880.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

As the years go by, the future of the global environment becomes more affected by policy choices that China is making regarding its economy, use of energy, and atmospheric environment. However ... More


Greening Consciousness

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

in Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501725845
eISBN:
9781501725852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501725845.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the unsettled years of the 1990s, values and commitments that had retreated into the background in the previous decade emerged again, reframed and reconfigured for an era of economic uncertainty ... More


Gaia Is Life in a Wasteworld of By-products

Tyler Volk

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter presents a personal history of tackling the Gaia theory, and presents its premises and conclusions. According to this chapter, the relatively steady states in the global environment are ... More


From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Ulrich Fastenrath, Rudolf Geiger, Daniel-Erasmus Khan, Andreas Paulus, Sabine von Schorlemer, and Christoph Vedder (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This Festschrift, dedicated to Judge Bruno Simma, traces the development of international law from regulating bilateral state-to-state relationships towards strengthening the entire international ... More


Japan at Nature's Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power

Ian Jared Miller, Julia Adeney Thomas, and Brett L. Walker (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836924
eISBN:
9780824871109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836924.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book explores the relationship between Japan's history, culture, and physical environment. It expands the focus of previous work on Japanese modernization by examining Japan's role in global ... More


Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future

Allen Thompson and Jeremy Bendik-Keymer (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017534
eISBN:
9780262301541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017534.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Predictions about global climate change have produced both stark scenarios of environmental catastrophe and purportedly pragmatic ideas about adaptation. This book takes a different perspective, ... More


The Nature of the Problem

Dale Jamieson

in Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed -- and What It Means for Our Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199337668
eISBN:
9780199357468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337668.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins with the rise of climate science, takes us to the enthusiasm and energy of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, and culminates in the debacle of the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change ... More


Biodiversity and National Accounting

Kirk Hamilton

in Nature in the Balance: The Economics of Biodiversity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676880
eISBN:
9780191756252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676880.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Biodiversity, a property of natural areas, provides a range of benefits to the economy including bio-prospecting rents, knowledge and insurance, ecotourism fees, and ecosystem services. Many of these ... More


THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE: Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

M. Cherif Bassiouni, Gomula Joanna, Paolo Mengozzi, John G. Merrills, Rafael Nieto Navia, Anna Oriolo, William Schabas, and Anna Vigorito (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199332304
eISBN:
9780190259815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199332304.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book offers a broad and challenging view of the changing world society and the implications of globalization for the content and structure of the law, the development of judicial institutions, ... More


Ways of understanding family practices across contexts

Ann Phoenix, Uma Vennam, Catherine Walker, and Janet Boddy

in Environment in the Lives of Children and Families: Perspectives from India and the UK

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447339199
eISBN:
9781447339229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447339199.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explores the situated, dynamic, and relational complexities, and of the ways in which space, place, and time intersect with meanings of environment in the everyday lives of children and ... More


James Lovelock’s Gaia Hypothesis: Archetypical Visionary

Sébastien Dutreuil

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After a career as a chemist and engineer, James Lovelock proposed the Gaia hypothesis in the 1970s with Lynn Margulis, a biologist. The hypothesis highlights the important influence that living ... More


A hole in Earth's shield

Stolarski Richard S.

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ozone in the stratosphere shields the Earth from ultraviolet radiation. Worries about the possible depletion of this protective layer led, in the early 1980s, to international attempts to control ... More


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