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Double Exposure: A Conceptual Framework

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents a conceptual framework for investigating the interactions between global environmental change and globalization. The double exposure framework shows how the two processes are ... More


Ocean ecosystem responses to future global change scenarios: a way forward

Shin‐ichi Ito, Kenneth A. Rose, Arthur J. Miller, Ken Drinkwater, Keith Brander, James E. Overland, Svein Sundby, Enrique Curchitser, James W. Hurrell, and Yasuhiro Yamanaka

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Available evidence of recent climate‐induced physical and chemical changes in the oceans is summarized, including changes in sea temperatures, nutrient supply, mixing and circulation, trace element ... More


Introduction

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter defines processes of global environmental change and globalization. It shows that although both processes have been going on for centuries, the speed, scale, and spatial ... More


Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Inge Kaul, Isabelle Grunberg, and Marc Stern (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This collection of papers offers a new rationale and framework for international development cooperation. Its main argument is that in actual practice development cooperation has already moved beyond ... More


Parasitism and Ecosystems

Frédéric Thomas, François Renaud, and Jean-François Guegan (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Ecologists, epidemiologists, and evolutionary biologists are increasingly aware of the significance of parasites in the study of ecosystems. This book provides a summary of the issues involved as ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


Climate change and human Health: issues for teacher and classroom

Anthony J McMichael and Ulisses Confalonieri

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Global climate change, caused by human actions, is a recent, remarkable and distinctive source of risks to human health. Because of its newness, complexity and scale, it poses important challenges to ... More


Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Renewable Portfolio Standards

Ion Bogdan Vasi

in Winds of Change: The Environmental Movement and the Global Development of the Wind Energy Industry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199746927
eISBN:
9780199827169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746927.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the way in which environmental groups and activists shape the energy policymaking processes in countries that have very good wind potential but a social context that is less ... More


Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Feed-in Tariffs

Ion Bogdan Vasi

in Winds of Change: The Environmental Movement and the Global Development of the Wind Energy Industry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199746927
eISBN:
9780199827169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746927.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the way in which environmental groups and activists shape the energy policymaking processes. Based on case studies of countries that adopted early and strong feed‐in tariff ... More


Dragonflies as focal organisms in contemporary conservation biology

Michael J. Samways

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Freshwater ecosystems worldwide are highly threatened. As a consequence, many dragonfly species are also threatened. The threats to them are many and varied, including invasive alien plants and ... More


The Biology of Polar Regions

D.N. Thomas, G.E. Fogg, P. Convey, C.H. Fritsen, J.-M. Gili, R. Gradinger, J. Laybourn-Parry, K. Reid, and D.W.H. Walton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is now an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions in the Earth system, as well as their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change, including of course global climate change. ... More


Introduction: oceans in the earth system

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, and Will Steffen

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

The world's ocean represents 70% of the earth's surface and contains 97% of the entire planet's water. It is a primary driver in the cycles of water and carbon and, through its huge capacity to store ... More


The health system and global changes

Richard D. Smith

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0089
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter builds on Chapter 10 by adopting a broad perspective to consider how a nation's health system may be impacted upon by changes at the global level. It begins by delineating the boundaries ... More


International Relations, Old and New

Robert O. Keohane

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides a broad discussion of the methodological, conceptual, and theoretical issues faced by international relations and accounts for its main debates and transitions from the ‘old’ to the ‘new’. ... More


International Relations: Post‐Positivist and Feminist Perspectives

J. Ann Tickner

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Questions the optimism for international relations cited in the 1975 Handbook of Political Science. Unprecedented global change has divided international relations, and optimism for consensus has ... More


What Might a Future Global Climate Change Deal Look Like?

Murray Ward

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

In 2009, global leaders are expected to come together and agree a new multilateral framework to protect the world's climate system. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in the biomass of Amazonian forest plots

Timothy R. Baker, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Luzmila Arroyo, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Niro Higuchi, Timothy J. Killeen, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Núnez Vargas, Nigel C. A. Pitman, J. Natalino M. Silva, and Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses a previous study by Phillips et al. (1998) on biomass changes in Amazonian permanent sample plots which has been used to infer the presence of a regional carbon sink, ... More


Forecasting decline in ecosystem services under realistic scenarios of extinction

J. Emmett Duffy, Diane S. Srivastava, Jennie McLaren, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Solan, John Griffin, Mark Emmerson, and Kate E. Jones

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Biodiversity-Ecosystem functioning research remains incompletely integrated with practical conservation by inadequately incorporating the deterministic nature of biodiversity change, which ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


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