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Global Public Health: A New Era

Robert Beaglehole and Ruth Bonita (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides an account of the international state of public health, including an agenda for improving the practice of the discipline across the world. It addresses three major issues, ... More


The Burden of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, Pierre Alexandre, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Diana Clarke, Silvia S. Martins, Gerald Nestadt, and Benjamin Zablotsky

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter briefly describes the features of seventeen major mental disorders and summarizes current data on the burden of disease associated with each. Key diagnostic features of six selected ... More


Modeling Determinants of Population Health

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents different models and pathways of health and introduces the concept of health determinants, which include genetic susceptibility, physical environment, personal lifestyles and ... More


Global Health and the Global Burden of Disease

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter defines terms used to describe the health of populations, such as incidence, prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. It introduces the concept of the burden of disease: that is, the ... More


Measuring Global Health1

Kristin Voigt

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Summary measures of population health combine information about morbidity and premature mortality within a single ‘metric’. Particularly prominent at the international level is the Global Burden of ... More


Health Impacts of HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

in The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718048
eISBN:
9780191787461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

HIV/AIDS is not associated with low levels of economic development to the same extent as diseases like malaria or tuberculosis. However, it stands out as HIV/AIDS is highly concentrated. In terms of ... More


Impact of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

in The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718048
eISBN:
9780191787461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Establishing the impact of the global response to HIV/AIDS is challenging because attribution is not straightforward, and many variables are observed only indirectly. HIV prevalence among young ... More


Introduction: Perspectives on Evaluating Deaths and Their Relevance to Health Policy

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There have been debates in both philosophy and the field of population health on the issue of how mortality can and should be measured. In population health, the intention has been to produce ... More


Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation*

Allen Buchanan, Tony Cole, and Robert O. Keohane

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes an international regulating body for the purposes of eliminating the problem of diffusion of innovation. Patent laws, intellectual property rights, monopolies, among other ... More


Life Years at Stake: Justifying and Modeling Acquisition of Life Potential for DALYs

Andreas Mogensen

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In quantifying the global burden of disease in terms of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), we must determine both Years of Life Lost (YLLs) and Years Lost to Disability (YLDs). In setting ... More


Health Measurement Systems

Daniel M. Hausman

in Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190233181
eISBN:
9780190233204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses three generic health measures, the HUI(3) (Health Utilities Index, Mark 3), the EQ-5D, and the methods employed in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) carried ... More


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