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Aerodynamics

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Main forces on a flying bird are lift, weight, thrust, and drag. Quantitative visualization of the flow shows how these forces result from the interactions between bird and air. Conventional flow ... More


Symmetry in Crystals

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The symmetry properties of molecules were discussed in Chapter 6, and the corresponding properties of crystals are presented here. In contrast to discrete molecules, crystals have a lattice structure ... More


KINEMATICS AND KINETICS OF CRYSTAL PLASTICITY

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Crystal plasticity is overwhelmingly a consequence of the self similar translations of dislocations, which is viewed as a limiting form of more general shear transformations that also include ... More


DEFORMATION INSTABILITIES, POLYCRYSTALS, FLOW IN METALS WITH NANOSTRUCTURE, SUPERPOSITION OF STRENGTHENING MECHANISMS, AND TRANSITION TO CONTINUUM PLASTICITY

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The chapter starts with a consideration of processes that establish and control dynamic dislocation fluxes, their creation where they have been initially not present, often requiring over-stress ... More


Dislocations and planar defects

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Dislocations are line defects in crystals. Dislocation glide through the lattice causes one plane of molecules to slip over another, and this provides the mechanism of plastic deformation. The ... More


Fundamental crystallography

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The basic concepts of crystallography, including unit cell, symmetry, crystal systems and origin specification are introduced. Bravais lattice, point groups, plane groups and space groups are ... More


Betzy Bromberg

Scott MacDonald

in The Sublimity of Document: Cinema as Diorama

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190052126
eISBN:
9780190052164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052126.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Following a transformative experience while filming in the catacombs in Paris, Betzy Bromberg radically changed her approach to filmmaking, and in recent years has produced feature-length, 16mm films ... More


Frieze patterns and frieze groups

Paolo G. Radaelli

in Symmetry in Crystallography: Understanding the International Tables

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199550654
eISBN:
9780191775093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550654.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Friezes are two dimensional patterns that are repetitive in one dimension. They have been employed by essentially all human cultures to create ornamentations on buildings, textiles, metalwork, ... More


3D space‐group symmetry

Paolo G. Radaelli

in Symmetry in Crystallography: Understanding the International Tables

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199550654
eISBN:
9780191775093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550654.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the remaining symmetry operators in 3D, not previously seen either as pure proper or improper rotations or as compositions of rotations with orthogonal translations. These ... More


Movement in Air

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Aerial flight involves the same fluid mechanical principles as aquatic locomotion. However, the 800-fold lower density of air compared with water has marked consequences on the mechanisms of aerial ... More


A Theory of Phonological Features

San Duanmu

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199664962
eISBN:
9780191818004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664962.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This study determines a system of phonological features that is minimally sufficient to distinguish all consonants and vowels in the world’s languages. It differs from previous studies in several ... More


Adjusting to the syllable margins: Glides in Catalan and Spanish

Jesús Jiménez, Maria-Rosa Lloret, and Clàudia Pons-Moll

in Romance Phonetics and Phonology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198739401
eISBN:
9780191802423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739401.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter brings together data from several varieties of Catalan and Spanish with the purpose of investigating the behavior of glides (i.e., /j/ and /w/) in onsets and codas, and the way they ... More


Exceptions to Hiatus Resolution in Mushunguli (Somali Chizigula)

Katherine Hout

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Mushunguli (Somali Chizigula, Kizigua; ISO [xma]) is an endangered, under-described Bantu language spoken in the Lower Jubba River area of Somalia and in U.S. diaspora communities. This chapter ... More


Complex sounds

San Duanmu

in A Theory of Phonological Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199664962
eISBN:
9780191818004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664962.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the representation of complex sounds, which include affricates, consonant–glide (CG) units, consonant–liquid (CL) units, contour tones, pre- and post-nasalized consonants, ... More


Target-Date Funds

William A. Birdthistle

in Empire of the Fund: The Way We Save Now

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199398560
eISBN:
9780199398591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398560.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The chapter explains how target-date funds were designed to provide investors with a portfolio that shifts over the decades from emphasis on equity to more cautious bonds. Their targets are the years ... More


Fair Game

Matthew Dallek

in Defenseless Under the Night: The Roosevelt Years, Civil Defense, and the Origins of Homeland Security

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199743124
eISBN:
9780190469559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743124.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the first two months of 1942, ER began to realize some aspects of her vision. Americans flocked to join her home defense movement as volunteers fulfilling their responsibility to each other and to ... More


Unfinished Work

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

One of Shilts’s last interviews, with Steve Kroft from CBS’ 60 Minutes, considers his breakthrough role as a gay journalist. Shilts’s future plans for a book about alleged sexual abuse inside the ... More


Conclusion: To Learn or Not to Learn

Brendan R. Gallagher

in The Day After: Why America Wins the War but Loses the Peace

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739620
eISBN:
9781501739637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739620.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter outlines the deeply damaging consequences of our recent debacles overseas, and how America seems to have lost its way. It outlines key lessons we should take away from this book, as well ... More


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