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Scientific interview

Jorge Kurchan, James S. Langer, Thomas A. Witten, and Peter G. Wolynes

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Four leading scientists in the field of the glass transition provide answers to a series of questions formulated by the Editors. No specific format has been imposed to their answers: the scientists ... More


An overview of the theories of the glass transition

Gilles Tarjus

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The topic of the glass transition gives rise to a a wide diversity of views. It is, accordingly, characterized by a lack of agreement on which would be the most profitable theoretical perspective. ... More


Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids: A Mode-Coupling Theory

Wolfgang Götze

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235346
eISBN:
9780191715600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235346.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book presents a self-contained exposition of the mode-coupling theory for the evolution of glassy dynamics in liquids. This theory is based on polynomial expressions for the correlations of force ... More


Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Ludovic Berthier, Giulio Biroli, Jean-Philippe Bouchaud, Luca Cipelletti, and Wim van Saarloos (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Most of the solid materials we use in everyday life, from plastics to cosmetic gels exist in a non-crystalline, amorphous form: they are glasses. Yet, we are still seeking a fundamental explanation ... More


Cooperative local dynamics – the glass-transition zone

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

When the density of segments becomes sufficiently high, the motions of polymer chains are governed primarily by intermolecular cooperativity. With continued cooling or pressurization, the timescale ... More


Overview of different characterizations of dynamic heterogeneity

Ludovic Berthier, Giulio Biroli, Jean‐Philippe Bouchaud, and Robert L. Jack

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Dynamic heterogeneity is now recognized as a central aspect of structural relaxation in disordered materials with slow dynamics, and was the focus of intense research in the last decade. Here, this ... More


Glassy dynamics and dynamical heterogeneity in colloids

Luca Cipelletti and Eric R. Weeks

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Concentrated colloidal suspensions are a well‐tested model system which has a glass transition. Colloids are suspensions of small solid particles in a liquid, and exhibit glassy behaviour when the ... More


Glassy Dynamics of Liquids–Facets of the Phenomenon

Wolfgang Götze

in Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids: A Mode-Coupling Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235346
eISBN:
9780191715600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235346.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an elementary discussion of some glassy-dynamics features, which are exhibited by experimental data and by molecular-dynamics-simulation results. The outstanding property of ... More


The jamming scenario—an introduction and outlook

Andrea J. Liu, Sidney R. Nagel, Wim van Saarloos, and Matthieu Wyart

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The jamming scenario of disordered media, formulated about ten years ago, has in recent years been advanced by analyzing model systems of granular media. This has led to various new concepts that are ... More


Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

C. Michael Roland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book describes the relaxation dynamics of rubbery materials, with the objective of providing a molecular basis for many physical properties. As the term comprises any amorphous, flexible ... More


Kinetically constrained models

Juan P. Garrahan, Peter Sollich, and Cristina Toninelli

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter summarizes recent developments in the study of kinetically constrained models (KCMs) as models for glass formers. After recalling the definition of the KCMs which are covered in this ... More


Analytical approaches to time‐ and length scales in models of glasses

Silvio Franz and Guilhem Semerjian

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The goal of this chapter is to review recent analytical results about the growth of a (static) correlation length in glassy systems, and the connection that can be made between this length scale and ... More


Experimental approaches to heterogeneous dynamics

Ranko Richert, Nathan Israeloff, Christiane Alba‐Simionesco, François Ladieu, and Denis L'HÔte

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Dynamic heterogeneity refers to the independence of fast and slow modes in a system displaying dispersive relaxation and is not an alternative model to the dynamics in complex materials, but rather a ... More


Dielectric Spectroscopy of Hydrated Biomacromolecules

Masahiro Nakanishi and Alexei P. Sokolov

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The chapter presents an overview of dielectric studies of hydrated protein dynamics. The dielectric data are compared to other experimental techniques (e.g. neutron scattering, simulations, and NMR). ... More


The length scales of dynamic heterogeneity: results from molecular dynamics simulations

Peter Harrowell

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Over times shorter than that required for relaxation of enthalpy, a liquid can exhibit striking heterogeneities. The picture of these heterogeneities is complex with transient patches of rigidity, ... More


Dynamical heterogeneities in grains and foams

Olivier Dauchot, Douglas J. Durian, and Martin van Hecke

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Dynamical heterogeneities have been introduced in the context of the glass transition of molecular liquids and the lengthscale associated with them has been argued to be at the origin of the observed ... More


Growing length scales in aging systems

Federico Corberi, Leticia F. Cugliandolo, and Hajime Yoshino

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The goal of this chapter is to review recent analytical results about the growth of a (static) correlation length in glassy systems, and the connection that can be made between this lengthscale and ... More


Heterogeneities in amorphous systems under shear

Jean‐Louis Barrat and Anaël LemaÎtre

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The last decade has seen major progresses in studies of elementary mechanisms of deformation in amorphous materials. This chapter starts with a review of physically based theories of plasticity, ... More


Bioelastomers

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Proteins are biological macromolecules essential to life, and rubber elasticity is central to the utility of many proteins, especially in animals. The mechanical properties of proteins often govern ... More


Characterization of Inorganic Polymers

James E. Mark, Harry R. Allcock, and Robert West

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131192
eISBN:
9780197561454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131192.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

A wide variety of properties are of interest for the general characterization of polymers, as demonstrated in numerous textbooks and in more specialized books dealing specifically with ... More


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