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Climate change in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The polar regions have undergone major changes in configuration of land masses and climate over millions of years. However, it is the geologically brief period beginning around 120,000 years before ... More


Establishing the American Paleolithic, 1872–1881

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1872, Charles Abbott started finding artifacts in Delaware River gravels at Trenton, NJ, similar to European paleoliths. That discovery caught the eye of Harvard's Frederic Putnam, who provided ... More


The Rising Seas

Jorge Daniel Taillant

in Meltdown: The Earth Without Glaciers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190080327
eISBN:
9780197578049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080327.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on the impacts of glacier melt on our oceans and related sea level rise. It discusses past and present sea levels and the relative influence of the ice age cycles. The chapter ... More


Patterns of Small Mammal Species Richness in Mediterranean and Temperate Chile: Patrones En La Riqueza De Especies De PequeñOs MamíFeros En Las Regiones MediterráNea Y Templada De Chile

Hernán L. Cofré, Horacio Samaniego, and Pablo A. Marquet

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter analyzes richness and rarity patterns of small mammals (rodents and marsupials) in Mediterranean and Temperate Chile. It tests for the effect of environmental factors that may explain ... More


Global and African Regional Climate during the Cenozoic

Sarah J. Feakins and Peter B. Demenocal

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many events in global tectonics and high latitude climate had significant effects on Cenozoic climate evolution. This chapter explores three revolutions in climate research that have dramatically ... More


Regional Overview of Interior Alaska

David Stone and David L. Verbyla

in Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154313
eISBN:
9780197561928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154313.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

From continental macroclimate to microalluvial salt crusts, geology is a dominant factor that influences patterns and processes in the Alaskan boreal forest. In this chapter, we outline important ... More


Climate wobbles

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter shows how planetary cooling has culminated in a series of periodic glaciations of the Northern hemisphere – the recent ‘ice ages’ – which have become progressively longer and deeper. ... More


Phosphorus, a Servant Faithful to Gaia? Biosphere Remediation Rather Than Regulation

Karl B. Föllmi, Federica Tamburini, Rachel Hosein, Bas van de Schootbrugge, Kaspar Arn, and Claire Rambeau

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter studies the character of the coupled changes in the phosphorus and carbon cycles during the last 160 million years and proposes feedback mechanisms between the two cycles. The effects of ... More


Paleoecology and Late Quaternary Environments of the Colorado Rockies

Scott A. Elias

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0023
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Present-day environments cannot be completely understood without knowledge of their history since the last ice age. Paleoecological studies show that the modern ecosystems did not spring full-blown ... More


Gaia and Glaciation: Lipalian (Vendian) Environmental Crisis

Mark A. S. McMenamin

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The Lipalian or Vendian Period, which occurred 600–541 million years ago, begins and ends with global environmental perturbations. It begins as the worst glaciation on record draws to a close. It ... More


Pleistocene Inhabitants

Richard Pearson

in Ancient Ryukyu: An Archaeological Study of Island Communities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837129
eISBN:
9780824870980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837129.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the earliest archaeological findings of human groups—the Pleistocene fossils—from the Ryukyu Islands. These fossils range in date from 32,000 to 16,000 years ago. From 23,000 ... More


A Mediterranean history

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean: Insights for conservation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198835141
eISBN:
9780191872884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835141.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The Mediterranean region has had a long and complex history. The phasing of three main historical elements forms a Mediterranean triptych: geology, climate, and human activities. The geological ... More


Moralists and Aggregators: The Case of Muir and Pinchot

Bryan G. Norton

in Toward Unity among Environmentalists

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195093971
eISBN:
9780197560723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195093971.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Gifford Pinchot first met John Muir in 1896, while on a trip through the West to study possible sites for new forest preserves. Pinchot was much impressed by Muir, twenty-seven years his senior, ... More


Poles Apart

Roy Livermore

in The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

In just a few years, the magnetic bar-code secreted beneath the world’s oceans had provided detailed intelligence on the motions of the plates. When combined with other data from the sea floor, this ... More


Earth as a Snowball

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Our attempts to reconstruct the climate of the distant Archaean in Chapter 1 might seem a little like reading a volume of Tolstoy’s War and Peace recovered from a burnt-out house. Most of the pages ... More


The Coastal Environment of Southeast Asia

P. P. Wong

in The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199248025
eISBN:
9780191917530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199248025.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Several physical features combine to make Southeast Asia one of the most distinct and unique coastal regions in the world. The mainland or continental part of Southeast Asia consists of a number of ... More


Southeast Asian Deltas

Colin D. Woodroffe

in The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199248025
eISBN:
9780191917530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199248025.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Deltas and estuaries are actively evolving suites of landforms formed where rivers meet the sea. Deltas are characteristically subaerial (and subaqueous) sediment wedges that protrude from the ... More


Cold-Climate Granite Landscapes

Piotr Migoń

in Granite Landscapes of the World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199273683
eISBN:
9780191917615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199273683.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Inselbergs, tors, boulder fields, and pediments are repetitive landforms of many low- to mid-latitude granite landscapes, whether in humid or in arid environments. Although there have been attempts ... More


Climate change and global risk

David Frame and Myles R. Allen

in Global Catastrophic Risks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570509
eISBN:
9780191918100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Climate change is among the most talked about and investigated global risks. No other environmental issue receives quite as much attention in the popular press, even though the impacts of pandemics ... More


Big troubles, imagined and real

Frank Wilczek

in Global Catastrophic Risks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570509
eISBN:
9780191918100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Modern physics suggests several exotic ways in which things could go terribly wrong on a very large scale. Most, but not all, are highly speculative, unlikely, or remote. Rare catastrophes might ... More


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