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Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


Psychology, 1900–1940

John A. Goldsmith and Bernard Laks

in Battle in the Mind Fields

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226550800
eISBN:
9780226550947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226550947.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores the evolution of academic psychology in the first four decades of the twentieth century. In the United States, a style of psychological study that emphasized the ability of ... More


Physiognomic Gestalt

Kaira M. Cabañas

in Learning from Madness: Brazilian Modernism and Global Contemporary Art

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226556284
eISBN:
9780226556314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556314.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Art History

This chapter situates Mário Pedrosa’s early theses on Gestalt in relation to his reception of psychiatric patients’ work, in particular Dr. Nise da Silveira’s patients in Rio de Janeiro. As the ... More


Perception

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that cortical networks and the knowledge they represent are hierarchically organized in layers by order of complexity or generality of cognitive content. These layers correspond ... More


The Origins of Music

Carl Stumpf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695737
eISBN:
9780191742286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695737.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book was first published in German in 1911. The text sets out a path-breaking hypothesis on the earliest musical sounds in human culture. Alongside research in such diverse fields as classical ... More


Gunnar Johansson, Events, and Biological Motion

James E. Cutting

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1973, Gunnar Johansson launched the systematic study of the perception of the human body in motion. Merging his applied interests in traffic safety and his theoretical interests in vector analysis ... More


Synchronization: McGurk and Beyond

K. J. Donnelly

in Occult Aesthetics: Synchronization in Sound Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199773497
eISBN:
9780199358816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773497.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, Western

Sound and image are perceived as an utter unity, disavowing the effect’s basis in artifice. This situation has dissuaded much in the way of serious questioning of film as more than simply a visual ... More


Psychology in the 1950s: a personal view

Alan Baddeley

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with developments in psychology in the 1950s. It suggests that this period witnessed the demise of Gestalt psychology, a distinctive approach to experimental psychology, ... More


Creating Insight: Gestalt Theory and the Early Computer

David Bates

in Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720807
eISBN:
9780226720838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720838.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter questions the underlying assumptions of both classic Artificial Intelligence, founded in the analogy between the brain and the digital computer, and the newer tradition that construes ... More


The Cognitive Chicken: Visual and Spatial Cognition in a Nonmammalian Brain

Giorgio Vallortigara

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cognitive abilities of species outside of mammalian classes may prove useful and insightful to the study of animal intelligence. In Europe, ... More


Overlapping Partial Configurations in Object Memory: An Alternative Solution to Classic Problems in Perception and Recognition

Mary A. Peterson

in Perception of Faces, Objects, and Scenes: Analytic and Holistic Processes

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195313659
eISBN:
9780199848058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313659.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes research showing that object memories can exert an influence on figure assignment. It supposes that these object-memory effects arise from matches between partial ... More


Gurwitsch in Germany and France, 1901–38

Derek Robbins

in The Bourdieu Paradigm: The Origins and Evolution of an Intellectual Social Project

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780719099397
eISBN:
9781526146755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526127709.00009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter offers a brief outline of Gurwitsch’s career in the first half of his life, in Germany until 1932 and in France between 1932 and 1938. It then considers in detail the texts, published ... More


Walk Cycles

Ryan Pierson

in Figure and Force in Animation Aesthetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190949754
eISBN:
9780190949792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949754.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the use of walk cycles in animation practice. Walk cycles—frames of characters’ actions that can be repeated in loops—have been important in animation not only for portraying ... More


Perspectival Movement

Ryan Pierson

in Figure and Force in Animation Aesthetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190949754
eISBN:
9780190949792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949754.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the use of perspectival movement (or camera movement) in animation practice. In particular, it argues that the ambiguity of the out-of-field space that perspectival movement ... More


Urban Logistics and Kinetic Environments

George F. Flaherty

in Hotel Mexico: Dwelling on the '68 Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520291065
eISBN:
9780520964938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291065.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Mexico’s successful bid to host 1968 Olympics necessitated the management of the country’s holistic and cohesive modern image for the worldwide audiences. Chapter 3 analyses the integration and ... More


Figure and Force in Animation Aesthetics

Ryan Pierson

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190949754
eISBN:
9780190949792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949754.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

How can movements in animated films be described? Figure and Force in Animation Aesthetics introduces a powerful new method for the study of animation. By looking for figures—arrangements that seem ... More


Words Enable and Disable Thought

Laura Otis

in Rethinking Thought: Inside the Minds of Creative Scientists and Artists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190213466
eISBN:
9780190271701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190213466.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To show how much people vary in their relationships with verbal language, this chapter portrays the mental worlds of translator Michael Holquist, complex systems scholar David Krakauer, geoscientist ... More


Pattern Perception

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter has seven subdivisions. Section A delineates the major theories that have been formulated about how living organisms process pattern and shape information. Section B describes ... More


The Bourdieu Paradigm: The Origins and Evolution of an Intellectual Social Project

Derek Robbins

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780719099397
eISBN:
9781526146755
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526127709
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

In two parts, the book examines, first, the attempts of three thinkers of the first half of the twentieth century to reconcile, in different socio-cultural contexts, the legacy of idealist philosophy ... More


Soft Edges

Ryan Pierson

in Figure and Force in Animation Aesthetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190949754
eISBN:
9780190949792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949754.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the use of soft edges in animation practice. Unlike hard-edged forms, such as the contour-based characters found in studio cartoons, figures with patchy forms often appear to ... More


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