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Trajectories in Science

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at nine different modes of scientific activity pursued by Quakers and Jews. These range from the wealthy amateur — including several Jews who pursued science in an upper-class, ... More


Losing the Plot

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explains the discoveries and the stories that this book has sought to explore. The story of the “heroic age of geology” has been examined, focusing on the variety of methodological and ... More


Earth Sciences

Glennda Chui

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0042
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In August 1999, I stood in the ruins of a collapsed apartment building near Izmit, Turkey—one of 60,000 buildings destroyed in 40 seconds by the most ... More


“An Independent Publication for Geologists”: The Geological Society, Commercial Journals, and the Remaking of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Gowan Dawson

in Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Constructing Scientific Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226676517
eISBN:
9780226683461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Geological Society of London’s elitism ensured that it remained at odds with commercial journals that sought to foster different, more marketable approaches to the earth sciences. The financial ... More


Our Energy Inheritance: Fossil Fuels

Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, and Ripudaman Malhotra

in A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the Looming Global Energy Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195325546
eISBN:
9780197562529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195325546.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The use of fossil fuels—petroleum, natural gas, and coal—is ubiquitous today and has made possible the advances of modern civilization. These fuels are ... More


Formations

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

During the nineteenth-century, the public imagination was captured by the study of the ancient earth—an imagination that was fueled even more with the discovery of dinosaur fossils. This heralded a ... More


Maps and Legends

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The geological map was a form that could offer critical information on the structure of the land, such as the presence of coal, minerals, and building materials from deep within the earth's crust. In ... More


Kingsley’s Cataclysmic Method

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Charles Kingsley had a great deal of interest in geological science. His work provides direct links to the gentleman geologist who had pioneered its “heroic age.” Kingsley secured honorary membership ... More


Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Martin J. S. Rudwick

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, scientists reconstructed the immensely long history of the earth—and the relatively recent arrival of human life. The geologists of the period, ... More


Dead on Arrival

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the geologists' rejection of the theory of continental drift, first brought up by Alfred Wegener. World War I prevented English speakers from reading either of the first two ... More


Geologists Unite Against Heresy

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on geologists who united against the idea of continental drift, first brought up by Alfred Wegener, and declared it a heresy. According to Robert Newman, “In the crucial ... More


Introduction: Science as Literature

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter first discusses how, in the early nineteenth century in Britain, the new science of geology was publicized in spectacular and theatrical forms that enabled it to gain the ... More


Enter the Mammoth

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how showmanship underpinned geology's public appeal in the first two decades of the nineteenth century, whipped up in guidebooks such as Peale's Historical Disquisition that ... More


William Buckland: Antiquary and Wizard

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the geology lectures of William Buckland. Buckland “ingrafted” geology directly onto the more biblically aligned “theories of the earth,” as well as onto Cuvier's procedures, ... More


Lizards and Literalists

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the increasing freedom with which British writers on earth history exploited the spectacular potential of fossils to stage the world before man. The first part charts this ... More


Lyell Steps In

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the 1820s Scottish writers were beginning to corner the market in attractive literalist earth history. The new school of geology, too, is popularly seen as having been “founded” by two ... More


Geological Mapping and the Geographies of Proprietorship in Nineteenth-Century Cornwall

Simon Naylor (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explains how the cartographic enterprise can be read as a “form of territorial acquisition” on the part of mapping geologists, focusing the mapping of geology of Cornwall, England. It ... More


A Place in La Mancha

Hugh Thomas

in Eduardo Barreiros and the Recovery of Spain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121094
eISBN:
9780300142464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121094.003.0032
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses Eduardo's interests in agriculture. The chief concession that Eduardo gave to Chrysler in the summer of 1969 was one which declared that after he left Barreiros Diesel, he ... More


Challenges to lyell's geotheory (1832–35)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0028
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The full publication of Charles Lyell's Principles, while causing no scientific revolution, provoked intense argument among geologists. This chapter focuses on the reactions to Lyell's geotheory. In ... More


Byron's Afterlife and the Emancipation of Geology1

Ralph O'connor

in Liberty and Poetic Licence: New Essays on Byron

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235897
eISBN:
9781846315428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235897.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter demonstrates that Byron's poetry both prompted and helped geologists in England to promote their science, and to free it from Biblical literalism in the public eye. During this ‘heroic’ ... More


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