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A Bridge Linking Greek Religion and Judaism to Christianity

Maria‐Zoe Petropoulou

in Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199218547
eISBN:
9780191711503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218547.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter introduces the world of Christians — who came from both the Greek religious environment (Gentile Christians) and Judaism (Jewish Christians) — but also from the group of pagans who were ... More


Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Christine E. Hayes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

For more than a century, scholars of ancient Judaism and early Christianity have assumed that ancient Jews viewed Gentiles as ritually impure, and that this alleged principle of Gentile ritual ... More


 Jews and Non‐Jews: Paul's Ethnic Map

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Pauline scholarship has typically downplayed Paul's ethnic language, masked it as something else, or juxtaposed ethnic particularity with a universal faith in Christ. This chapter offers an ... More


Reinventing Paul

John G. Gager

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195150858
eISBN:
9780199849307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150858.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Throughout the Christian era, Paul has stood at the center of controversy, accused of being the father of Christian anti-Semitism. This book challenges this entrenched view of Paul, arguing ... More


If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Caroline Johnson Hodge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Christianity is understood to be a “universal” religion that transcends the particularities of history and culture, including differences related to kinship and ethnicity. This portrait of ... More


Gentiles and Ritual Impurity in Rabbinic Sources

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Rabbinic sources, tannaitic and amoraic, maintain that Gentiles are not subject to the laws of ritual impurity and do not convey ritual impurity to Jews according to Torah law. Passages adduced by ... More


Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Lamin O. Sanneh

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189605
eISBN:
9780199868582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189605.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The book describes the Christian movement from New Testament times and the Gentile mission to developments in the Roman Empire. It expounds Christianity's eastward expansion and seminal interaction ... More


Introduction: Missionary Pillar: New Testament Bearings and the Cultural Alignment

Lamin Sanneh

in Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189605
eISBN:
9780199868582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189605.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the New Testament Gentile church, and examines the roles of Peter and Paul in the religion's transformation into its Greek‐speaking phase. Given the dual Jewish‐Gentile heritage ... More


 Whither Christianity?: A Study in Origin, Thought, and Action

Lamin Sanneh

in Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189605
eISBN:
9780199868582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189605.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Synopsis: This chapter examines Roman imperial pressure and the persecution that triggered wide‐ranging dispersion and movement in Christianity. Persecution induced habits of vigilance, and ascetic ... More


 Civilization and the Limits of Mission: Critical Pillar

Lamin Sanneh

in Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189605
eISBN:
9780199868582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189605.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Synopsis: The chapter examines Christianity's formative Western assimilation as a prelude to its overseas post‐Western development. The chapter turns to Roland Allen and the stirrings in China to ... More


Different Names of God

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter addresses a problem that must have plagued the rabbis a great deal: the undeniable fact that the Hebrew Bible uses various names for God, most prominent among them Elohim and the ... More


Reading Acts

C. Kavin Rowe

in World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377873
eISBN:
9780199869459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377873.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter situates the book's argument within a wider intellectual horizon—the relation between knowledge and concrete patterns of life—and within the history of scholarly interpretation of the ... More


Jewish Animal Sacrifice in the Period 100 bc–ad 200

Maria‐Zoe Petropoulou

in Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199218547
eISBN:
9780191711503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218547.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The chapter discusses animal sacrifice in the Jerusalem Temple based on sources from the late Second Temple period, that is Philo and Josephus, and of the Mishnah. Animal sacrifice shaped Philo's ... More


Jesus, Paul, the Law, and Inclusive Biblical Interpretation

Cheryl B. Anderson

in Ancient Laws and Contemporary Controversies: The Need for Inclusive Biblical Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195305500
eISBN:
9780199867028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305500.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

Christians commonly believe that the New Testament “does away with” the laws of the Hebrew Bible, but Jesus and Paul are seen instead to embrace the continuing relevance of the laws while rejecting ... More


Introduction

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The ethnic identity of ancient Israelites was constructed in opposition to Gentile, or alien, “others” and was expressed in terms of purity and impurity. Different constructions of Jewish identity ... More


The Impurity of Gentiles in Second Temple Sources

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In a wide range of Jewish texts representing diverse groups in the Second Temple period, Gentiles are consistently portrayed as susceptible to moral rather than ritual impurity – in keeping with ... More


Gentiles and Moral Impurity: Rabbinic Attitudes to Intermarriage

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The rabbinic approach to intermarriage differs considerably from that of the Second Temple sources examined in Ch. 4. The rabbis reject the holy‐seed thinking of Ezra and related sources and – in ... More


Conclusion

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Different notions of Jewish identity and Gentile impurity contributed to the rise of Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period and the separation of early Christianity from rabbinic Judaism in ... More


Antioch and Jerusalem

Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

in Paul: His Story

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199266531
eISBN:
9780191601583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266530.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Before moving to his maintenance base at Ephesus, Paul reported to Antioch, where he became embroiled in a controversy regarding the conditions on which Gentiles could become Christians. A meeting in ... More


‘The Other’

Judith Lieu

in Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262892
eISBN:
9780191602818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262896.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Common to nearly all constructions of identity is that of ‘the [stereotyped] other’, the ‘not-us’, often defined negatively, in opposition to, and in order to sustain, a self-understanding. In ... More


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