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European Community Legislation for Traceability and Labeling of Genetically Modifi ed Crops, Food, and Feed

Margaret Rosso Grossman

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses European Community legislation for traceability and labeling of genetically modified crops, food, and feed. After a brief discussion of EC law making and the role of the ... More


Coexistence of Genetically Modified, Conventional, and Organic Crops in the European Union: The Community Framework

Margaret Rosso Grossman

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Increased global cultivation of GM crops raises concerns about the coexistence of GM varieties with conventional and organic crops. In the European Union, where few GM crops are grown, GM content ... More


The European Union Regulatory Regime for Genetically Modified Organisms and its Integration into Community Food Law and Policy

Marine Friant-Perrot

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The European Union has now put in place an extensive regime for the regulation of GMOs and this chapter provides an overview of that regime. In particular, it maps out the legislation which ... More


Genetically Modified Organisms in Africa: Regulating a Threat or an Opportunity?

Fikremarkos Merso Birhanu

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Modern biotechnology has promised much for agriculture, and these promises are certainly attractive in the case of Africa. Importantly, a number of countries in the continent continue to grapple ... More


The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Luc Bodiguel and Michael Cardwell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) continues to generate controversy. On the one hand, they are actively promoted by the biotechnology industry as vital to ensuring food ... More


Genetically Modified Organisms and the Public: Participation, Preferences, and Protest

Luc Bodiguel and Michael Cardwell

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

There has been a high level of public engagement in the regulation of GMOs and this chapter seeks to explore this engagement, whether conducted through formal or informal channels. In the case of ... More


Environmental Damage and Genetically Modified Organisms

Ruth Mackenzie

in Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law: Problems of Definition and Valuation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199255733
eISBN:
9780191698262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255733.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on the risks posed by genetically modified crops. It argues that many of the risks which are likely to materialize fall comfortably within traditional heads of damage such as ... More


Genetically Modified Organisms for Agricultural Food Production: The Extent of the Art and the State of the Science

R. Michael Roberts

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Genetically modified (GM) crops are now part of mainstream agriculture, and the trend towards increased use of GM organisms in plant and animal agriculture will undoubtedly continue. This chapter ... More


Coexistence of Genetically Modified, Conventional, and Organic Crops in the European Union: National Implementation

Luc Bodiguel, Michael Cardwell, Ana Carretero García, and Domenico Vitti

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Within the framework imposed at European Union level, Member States have taken advantage of the considerable discretion which they are accorded when implementing coexistence measures at national ... More


Transatlantic Risk Perceptions, Public Health, and Environmental Concerns: Coming Together or Drifting Apart?

Paulette Kurzer

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Why has the problem of tobacco energized NGOs and policy entrepreneurs in the USA but much less in the EU? Why has transgenic food provoked similar kinds of collective responses in the EU, but much ... More


Genetically Modified Organisms and Risk

Karen Morrow

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter considers the concept of risk as it applies to the regulation of GMOs. In so doing, it examines the oftentimes problematic, yet still dominant, hybrid scientific and political ... More


The Importance and Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms

Christopher Charlier and Egizio Valceschini

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an attempt to estimate a monetary value for environmental or public health degradation. In a regulatory context, it should be seen as a complementary tool to risk ... More


Implementing the Community Environmental Liability Directive: Genetically Modified Organisms and the Problem of Unknown Risk

Christopher Rodgers

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter assesses the role for environmental liability in the context of the GMOs, with emphasis on the provisions of the Community Environmental Liability Directive. It commences with ... More


The Coexistence of Genetically Modified and Non-genetically Modified Agriculture in Canada: A Courtroom Drama

Jane Matthews Glenn

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Canada approved GM canola for unconfined release in 1995, but it did so without open and informed debate about the problems of coexistence of GM and non-GM agriculture, and without a regulatory ... More


Genetically Modified Organisms in MERCOSUR

Rosario Silva Gilli

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins by providing an outline of the process of integration which is currently being undertaken by the members of MERCOSUR, with specific reference to the legal order which governs ... More


The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms and International Law: A Call for Generality

Duncan French

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Much has been written on the legal implications of the international regulation of GMOs. This chapter does not reproduce this discussion, but rather considers how general rules of international ... More


Hazardous Materials

Dean O. Smith

in Managing the Research University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Biological materials such as infectious agents, recombinant DNA molecules, and genetically modified organisms can cause serious health risks if they are not contained properly. Therefore, the federal ... More


Risk Governance through Transparency: Information Disclosure and the Global Trade in Transgenic Crops

Gupta Aarti

in Transparency in Global Environmental Governance: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027410
eISBN:
9780262320856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027410.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In this chapter, Aarti Gupta analyses the extent to which information disclosure facilitates safe global trade and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), as mandated within the Cartagena ... More


US and EU Policies Since 2000: Change, Continuity, and (Lack of) Convergence

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the development of both EU and US regulatory policies and practices regarding agricultural biotechnology since 2000, in light of bilateral and international pressures. The first ... More


Introduction and Overview: Biotechnology, Risk Regulation, and the Failure of Cooperation

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a description of persistent regulatory differences between the United States and the European Union with regards to the regulation of genetically modified ... More


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