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New Technologies and Human Rights

Thérèse Murphy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than twenty years later, cloning and GM food were popular talking-points, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. ... More


Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

John H. Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Scientific breakthroughs have led us to a point where soon we will be able to make specific choices about the genetic makeup of our offspring. In fact, this reality has arrived—and it is only a ... More


Introduction

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

There is a revolution under way in how babies come into being that may change the entire society. Reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) allow parents to influence the genetic qualities of their ... More


The History of Abortion, Reproductive Genetic Technologies, and the Contemporary Public's Views

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter delves deeply into the history of reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) and into the history of the abortion debate. Examining RGTs from “the beginning” to the present reveals two ... More


Human Dignity and Equality of Treatment

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The term human dignity has been used extensively in bioethical debates about reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs). Secular bioethics in the United States studiously avoid the term human dignity ... More


Meaningful Suffering

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

A central moral discourse concerning reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) relates to the relief of suffering. This chapter examines some academic writing about how medicine and science describe ... More


Epilogue

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Americans have long imagined the existence of an easy route to innovating living things, especially the plants that underpin American agricultural production. As the epilogue reiterates, that route ... More


Talking about Embryonic Life

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter is concerned with embryonic life discourse, which is the primary discourse used to oppose abortion in the United States. Embryonic life discourse is important because so many people use ... More


Genetic epidemiology

Harry Campbell and Susan Service

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

A major challenge for epidemiology in the future is understanding the role of genetic risk factors and how genetic factors interact with environmental factors in causing disease. There is a clear ... More


Introduction

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction outlines the aims of the book and situates it within the histories of plant breeding, genetics, and biotechnology, American agriculture, and technological innovation. It explains why ... More


Religious People Are Against Scientific Technology

Elaine Howard Ecklund and Christopher P. Scheitle

in Religion vs. Science: What Religious People Really Think

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190650629
eISBN:
9780190650650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650629.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

There is a myth that religious people do not like technology, whether it is the Internet, social media, or medical technologies. In fact, religious people’s concerns with many technologies mirror ... More


Will Religious Discourse about Reproductive Genetic Technologies Limit Debate?

John H. Evans

in Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226222653
eISBN:
9780226222707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222707.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Scholars have long been concerned that specifically religious discourse in the public sphere would have a particularly negative impact on willingness to deliberate. This concern is reflected in ... More


Conclusion

Alexandra Minna Stern

in Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter explores the relevance of the history of eugenics in the United States, especially in the light of the 2013 revelations about unauthorized sterilizations in California's ... More


Bio Art: From Genesis to Natural History of the Enigma

Eduardo Kac

in Imagery in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015721
eISBN:
9780262315159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015721.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on the efforts of the author of bio art and transgenic art; he compares the advancements of biotechnology with the popularization of computers. It further discusses the author’s ... More


Vector Control, Optimal Control, and Vector-Borne Disease Dynamics

Michael B. Bonsall

in Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853244
eISBN:
9780191887710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853244.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ecology

Understanding methods of vector control is essential to vector-borne disease (VBD) management. Vaccines or standard medical interventions for many VDBs do not exist or are poorly developed so disease ... More


Religion vs. Science: What Religious People Really Think

Elaine Howard Ecklund and Christopher P. Scheitle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190650629
eISBN:
9780190650650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650629.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religion vs. Science: What Religious People Really Think busts today’s common myths about science and religion. It reveals several interesting and perhaps surprising realities. The book shows that ... More


Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Helen Anne Curry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the middle decades of the twentieth century, Americans celebrated a series of strange tools as the likely harbingers of an agricultural revolution. These included x-ray devices, a toxic chemical ... More


Coat Color Variation in Rock Pocket Mice (Chaetodipus intermedins): from Genotype to Phenotype

Hopi E. Hoekstra and Michael W. Nachman

in Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098534
eISBN:
9780520916098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098534.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the evolution of pelage color variation among the pocket mice, Chaetodipus intermedius, found in the deserts of Arizona and New Mexico, using art genetic technology. It ... More


Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Alexandra Minna Stern

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first edition of this book explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details demonstrating that eugenics continues ... More


United States: The “Problem” of the Public

Elaine Howard Ecklund, David R. Johnson, Brandon Vaidyanathan, Kirstin R. W. Matthews, Steven W. Lewis, Robert A. Thomson, and Di Di

in Secularity and Science: What Scientists Around the World Really Think About Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190926755
eISBN:
9780190926786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190926755.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

US scientists believe that the US religious public is generally antiscience. However the views of religious Americans are much more nuanced and religious Americans are often more open to science and ... More


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