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Human Quantitative Genetics of Aggression

Daniel M. Blonigen and Robert F. Krueger

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter presents an overview of human quantitative genetic studies of aggression and violence, including twin, adoption, and molecular genetic designs from both the child and adult literature. ... More


Genetic Association Studies

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.29
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on genetic association studies. The goal of genetic association studies is to investigate the effects of genotypic variation on disease risk. These designs are built on a concept ... More


Genome-wide association studies, field synopses, and the development of the knowledge base on genetic variation and human diseases

Muin J. Khoury, Lars Bertram, Paolo Boffetta, Adam S. Butterworth, Stephen J. Chanock, Siobhan M. Dolan, Isabel Fortier, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Marta Gwinn, Julian P. T. Higgins, A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, James M. Ostell, Ryan P. Owen, Roberta A. Pagon, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Nathaniel Rothman, Jonine L. Bernstein, Paul R. Burton, Harry Campbell, Anand P. Chokkalingam, Helena Furberg, Julian Little, Thomas R. O’Brien, Daniela Seminara, Paolo Vineis, Deborah M. Winn, Wei Yu, and John P. A. Ioannidis

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reports the findings and recommendations from a multidisciplinary workshop, including geneticists, epidemiologists, journal editors, and bioinformatics experts, that was sponsored by the ... More


Integration of the evidence on gene–disease associations: methods of HuGE reviews

Julian P. T. Higgins and Julian Little

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) reviews have been a cornerstone of the efforts of the Human Genome Epidemiology Network (HuGENet) to develop an online resource to house the cumulative and changing ... More


Genetic Predictors of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of the genetic factors underlying monogenic and syndromic forms of obesity. It describes the genetics of common obesity, with a particular focus on results from ... More


Genetic Linkage Studies

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.32
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the basic concepts and methods of genetic linkage studies. It first describes what linkage means and how investigators go about detecting linkage. It then discusses the causal ... More


Genetic trait associations

Joel T. Dudley and Konrad J. Karczewski

in Exploring Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199644483
eISBN:
9780191774577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644483.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the primary application of personal genomics: mainly to understand and evaluate the genetic components of personal traits, including one's risk to acquire certain various ... More


Theoretical underpinning for the use of sibling studies in life course epidemiology

Kate W Strully and Gita D Mishra

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Siblings can have a great deal in common (e.g., parents, genes, early life home env1ironments, etc.), but they are also distinct individuals with unique personalities and physical traits. This ... More


Medically relevant variation in the human genome

Diddahally R. Govindaraju and Lynn B Jorde

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Geneticists can now use several million markers to discover genes contributing to human disorders. Some findings confirm classical patterns on the extent and distribution of variation among ... More


Orienting of Attention

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter lays out the anatomical basis for a brain system involved in orienting to sensory stimulation. Orienting involves aligning attention with a source of sensory signals. This may be overt, ... More


Novel Study Designs and Their Application in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Enrique F. Schisterman

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0102
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

The ultimate goal of epidemiology is to uncover the determinants of health and disease. In the absence of experimental designs, we must rely upon observational designs, which necessitate caution in ... More


Host-parasite genetics

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter takes a deeper look into the genetics of both the host and the parasite. First, it explores the genetic architecture of host resistance, as well as several methods that are used to ... More


Genetic and Environmental Influences on Aggressive and Deviant Behavior

Ana V. Kuny-Slock and James J. Hudziak

in The Origins of Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199753475
eISBN:
9780190255985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199753475.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes different ways in which aggression, rule breaking, and unusual behaviors are defined. This is followed by a discussion on the many approaches to identifying genetic influences ... More


What Can Developmental Language Impairment Tell Us about the Genetic Bases of Syntax?

Bishop Dorothy V. M.

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

According to the “Big Brain” theory, humans have language while other primates do not because of their bigger brains which give them more computing power. However, such an explanation was rejected by ... More


The Biopolitics of Human Genetics Research and Its Application

Fatimah Jackson and Sherie McDonald

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Several authors have written about the perpetuation of nineteenth- and twentieth-century racial models in genetic studies for epidemiology, public health, and biomedicine. When genetic studies are ... More


Tuberculosis

George W. Comstock

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter on tuberculosis provides a model of how epidemiology tackles an issue and the advances that have occurred as a result of sound research worldwide in the control of one of the world's ... More


Samuel Beckett's How It Is: Philosophy in Translation

Anthony Cordingley

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474440608
eISBN:
9781474453868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474440608.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The first sustained exegesis of a neglected masterpiece of twentieth-century literature, Samuel Beckett’s How It Is. This book maps out the novel’s complex network of intertexts, sources and echoes, ... More


Nature versus Nurture in the Explanations for Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities: Parsing Disparities in the Era of Genome-Wide Association Studies

Jay S. Kaufman, Dinela Rushani, and Richard S. Cooper

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter points out that some researchers explain the higher mortality rates among blacks in the United States as “nature”, blaming such rates primarily on blacks' genetic makeup. Others explain ... More


Creativity and madness: clues from modern psychiatric diagnosis

Gordon Claridge

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses the correlation between creativity and psychosis by citing clues from modern psychiatric diagnosis. Prior to the current era of genetic studies, serious mental illnesses were ... More


Genetics of Tamarix

John F. Gaskin

in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the genetics of Tamarix and how genetic studies have provided important insights about the Tamarix invasion. More specifically, it explains how genetic studies have led to a ... More


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