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Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Models of public health genetic policy development

Benjamin S. Wilfond and Elizabeth J. Thomson

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a history of policy development for genetic services in the United States. It includes a discussion of early genetic screening programs, a review of part policy statements ... More


Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Muin J. Khoury, Wylie Burke, and Elizabeth Thomson (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

With the accelerating discovery of human genes, public health professionals are increasingly confronted with a large body of scientific information that will guide public health action. Because the ... More


Public health assessment of genetic information in the occupational setting

Paul A. Schulte and D. Gayle DeBord

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Genetic information refers to information about genes, gene products, or inherited characteristics that may derive from an individual or family member. In the workplace, genetic information is ... More


Twenty‐First‐Century Insurance Issues

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses two issues that will assume increasing salience: the impact of genetic screening on insurance markets and problems of long‐term‐care insurance. Genetic screening affects the ... More


Genetics and prevention effectiveness

Scott D. Grosse and Steven M. Teutsch

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is intended to help the reader critically evaluate quantitative prevention-effectiveness studies in genetics and to understand their uses and limitations. No prior knowledge of ... More


Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: A paradigm for public health genetics policy development

Philip M. Farrell, Michael R. Kosorok, Michael J. Rock, Anita Laxova, Lan Zeng, Gary Hoffman, Ronald H. Laessig, and Mark L. Splaingard

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates how scientific studies can be used to facilitate public health policy decisions, particularly those concerned with newborn screening programs. More specifically, it reviews ... More


Lessons learned from newborn screening for phenylketonuria

Kenneth A. Pass

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the lessons learned from newborn screening for phenylketonuria (PKU) in the U.S. Newborn screening is, conceptually, a simple public health program with well-defined goals. The ... More


Newborn screening for sickle cell disease: public health impact and evaluation

Richard S. Olney

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a broad overview of public health aspects of newborn hemoglobinopathy screening in the United States, with special emphasis on epidemiologic efforts to evaluate pediatric ... More


The Right to Be Responsible: Agency and Contemporary Carrier Screening

Shelley Z. Reuter

in Testing Fate: Tay-Sachs Disease and the Right to Be Responsible

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699957
eISBN:
9781452955384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699957.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The fifth chapter provides an overview of the developments leading up to community-based carrier screening for Tay-Sachs, which began in 1971, and explores the problem of agency in a context of ... More


The genetics and evolution of flowering time variation in plants: Identifying genes that control a key life history transition

Joshua A. Banta and Michael D. Purugganan

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The ecologically appropriate timing of flowering is a crucial life history in plants, and marks the transition from vegetative to reproductive stages in the life cycle. This chapter discusses the ... More


Bioethics in the Age of New Media

Joanna Zylinska

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240567
eISBN:
9780262255141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240567.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Bioethical dilemmas, including those over genetic screening, compulsory vaccination, and abortion, have been the subject of ongoing debates in the media, and among the public, professionals, and ... More


Testing Fate: Tay-Sachs Disease and the Right to Be Responsible

Shelley Z. Reuter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699957
eISBN:
9781452955384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699957.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Testing Fate looks at the racialized history of Tay-Sachs in the US and UK in its construction as a Jewish disease from the late-nineteenth century through to the present era of geneticization, where ... More


Freedom, Exclusion, and Genetic Decision Making

Shelley Z. Reuter

in Testing Fate: Tay-Sachs Disease and the Right to Be Responsible

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699957
eISBN:
9781452955384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699957.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The conclusion of Testing Fate ties together the themes of the book and extends the argument of Chapter 5 by making the point that the “unfreedom” to fulfill one’s genetic responsibilities derives ... More


Conception: The Science of Getting Pregnant

Vanessa LoBue

in 9 Months In, 9 Months Out: A Scientist's Tale of Pregnancy and Parenthood

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190863388
eISBN:
9780190944872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863388.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the science and biology behind getting pregnant. As the author faces difficulty in conceiving her own first child, she describes the science of conception, ovulation, and why ... More


Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Ernst R. Berndt, Dana P. Goldman, and John Rowe (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611068
eISBN:
9780226611235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611235.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Advances in human genetics have begun to yield clinical benefits through the development of Precision Medicine (PM). The benefits of this innovation are promising, both through application of ... More


The Unethics of Looking at Disease–Disability: Online Representations of Tay-Sachs

Shelley Z. Reuter

in Testing Fate: Tay-Sachs Disease and the Right to Be Responsible

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699957
eISBN:
9781452955384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699957.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The fourth chapter examines the lay discourse of Tay-Sachs, specifically the way in which online video representations of children with the disease have served to constitute the disease and the Other ... More


Barriers to Conception

Naomi R. Cahn

in Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814716823
eISBN:
9780814790021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines the structural and cultural barriers to using assisted reproductive technology—barriers based on marital status, sexual orientation, and racial and ethnic background. There are ... More


Introduction

Dov Fox

in Birth Rights and Wrongs: How Medicine and Technology are Remaking Reproduction and the Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190675721
eISBN:
9780190675752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675721.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

A recent survey of half of all U.S. fertility clinics found that more than one in five misdiagnosed, mislabeled, or mishandled reproductive materials. These errors can’t be chalked up to reasonable ... More


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