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Biodiversity: The Third But Ignored Paradigm of the Trade Regime

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter studies the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which is responsible for creating an international framework that allows for the beneficial conservation and exploitation of ... More


Rights over Genetic Resources and the Demise of the Biological Commons

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter addresses the issues of equity in a world divided by economic wealth and poverty, uneven distribution, trade of genetic resources and ownership of these resources as intellectual ... More


International Efforts to Pool and Conserve Crop Genetic Resources in Times of Radical Legal Change

Michael Halewood

in Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199660759
eISBN:
9780191749186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660759.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter examines what initially appear to be two contradictory policy developments in recent years. The first development is an increasing tendency to promote ‘hyper-ownership’ of genetic ... More


From Molecules to Medicines: The Use of Genetic Resources in Pharmaceutical Research

Astrid J. Scholz

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the drug discovery process in pharmaceutical research to show how deeply the new biotechnologies constitute the politics and economics of genetic resources. The analysis ... More


Managing People: The Common Property Option

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Agrifood systems resources are classified as private, public, or common pool (CPRs) by the costs of excluding others from using them and the extent their value is reduced with use (subtractability). ... More


Can the Trade Regime Lead to Sustainable Development?

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter demonstrates how the CBD can work along with trade agreements. It shows how the success of the CBD is measured, and compares the CBD to the UPOV. It notes that the CBD provides access to ... More


Transparency in the Governance of Access and Benefit Sharing from Genetic Resources

Orsini Amandine, Oberthür Sebastian, and Pożarowska Justyna

in Transparency in Global Environmental Governance: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027410
eISBN:
9780262320856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027410.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In this chapter, Amandine Orsini,Sebastian Oberthür and Justyna Pożarowska analyse one of the newest disclosure-based global environmental governance arrangements: the Nagoya Protocol on access to ... More


IP Rights in International Environmental Law

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

in The Protection of Intellectual Property in International Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199663392
eISBN:
9780191850240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663392.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focusses on the two core aspects of the relationship between intellectual property (IP) rights and international environmental law. This interface is embodied in two related, but ... More


Genetic Erosion of Crop Populations in Centers of Diversity: A Revision

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the issue of genetic erosion, and attempts to deconstruct the history of this scientific and agricultural policy problem. The threat of genetic erosion helped spur a large ... More


The Content and Scope of Indigenous Communities’ Property Rights over Lands and Natural Resources Traditionally Used

Mattias Åhrén

in Indigenous Peoples' Status in the International Legal System

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198778196
eISBN:
9780191823596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778196.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Following the previous chapter’s conclusion that indigenous communities have established property rights over territories traditionally used, this chapter surveys what, more precisely, this right ... More


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