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Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


The Domestic Sources of the Conflict: Why the US and EU Biotech Regulatory Regimes Differ

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the technology of genetic engineering and addresses the arguments of both its advocates and its sceptics. The chapter is organized in five parts. Part 1 introduces the new ... More


Resistance to attack by pests and pathogens

David Wainhouse

in Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Most tree species are undomesticated and, in contrast to agricultural crops, there is often considerable genetic variation in the expression of resistance to different pests and pathogens within ... More


Freedom, Conscience, and Virtue: Theological Perspectives on the Ethics of Inherited Genetic Modification

Celia Deane-Drummond

in Design and Destiny: Jewish and Christian Perspectives on Human Germline Modification

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033732
eISBN:
9780262270632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033732.003.0104
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter, which concentrates on the question of human moral agency and how traditional notions of conscience and virtue might apply to case-by-case uses of germline modification, highlights those ... More


Enhancement Technologies: Feeling More Like Myself

Donna Dickenson

in Me Medicine vs. We Medicine: Reclaiming Biotechnology for the Common Good

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159753
eISBN:
9780231534413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159753.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter demonstrates how the enhancement debate embodies Me Medicine at its most questionable. “Enhancement” is defined as any medication designed to improve individual human performance, ... More


GMOs and food – is anyone listening?

Ed Randall

in Food, Risk and Politics: Scare, Scandal and Crisis – Insights Into the RiskPolitics of Food Safety

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072307
eISBN:
9781781702918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072307.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks into the introduction of genetically modified (GM) materials into food. If there is a crisis, a crisis of confidence in GM science and its use in agriculture, it can be viewed as a ... More


Plants: Individuals or Epigenetic Cell Populations?

Marcello Buiatti

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows how the adaptation strategy of plants facilitates the inheritance of somatic genetic and epigenetic variations. First, it discusses the genetic and epigenetic somatic variability ... More


Genes, Justice, and Obligations in Creating People: Reflections on From Chance to Choice and on Views of Nagel, Shiffrin, and Singer

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses issues raised in From Chance to Choice and “Justice and Nature” by Thomas Nagel; in “Wrongful Life, Procreative Responsibility, and the Significance of Harm” by Seana Shiffrin; ... More


Food-o-science Pseudoscience: The Weapons and Tactics in the War on Crop Biotechnology

Kevin M. Folta

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Humans crave new technology in communications, medicine, electronics, and transportation, but show reserve when new technology touches food. While the industrialized world enjoys the safest and most ... More


Vector Control, Optimal Control, and Vector-Borne Disease Dynamics

Michael B. Bonsall

in Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853244
eISBN:
9780191887710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853244.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ecology

Understanding methods of vector control is essential to vector-borne disease (VBD) management. Vaccines or standard medical interventions for many VDBs do not exist or are poorly developed so disease ... More


How is the Public Interest Determined?

Mike Feintuck

in ‘The Public Interest’ in Regulation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199269020
eISBN:
9780191699320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269020.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book seeks to understand how the concept of public interest is and might be used, and to consider whether it is possible and/or advisable to establish a meaningful construct of the public ... More


Despotism and Democracy in the United Kingdom: Experiments in Reframing Citizenship

Robert Doubleday and Brian Wynne

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0126
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter concentrates on the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Britain. It describes how citizenship was reframed through the partial realignment of governance with ... More


How Canadian Farmers Fought and Won the Battle against GM Wheat

Emily Eaton

in New Food Activism: Opposition, Cooperation, and Collective Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520292130
eISBN:
9780520965652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292130.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

On 10 May, 2004 Monsanto conceded to a coalition of organizations opposing the introduction of genetically modified Roundup Ready wheat in Canada and abandoned its application to introduce the crop ... More


Swimming against the Current: AquAdvantage Salmon

Calestous Juma

in Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467036
eISBN:
9780190627164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, Political Economy

Providing sufficient protein to a growing world population remains one of the most pressing global food challenges. The increased demand for protein has threatened the sustainability of fish ... More


The Moral Authority of Nature

Lorraine Daston and Fernando Vidal (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated ... More


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