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Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Jacob Höglund

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Conservation genetics focuses on understanding the role and requirement of genetic variation for population persistence. However, considerable debate now surrounds the role of genetic factors (as ... More


Landscape Genetics: Landscape Effects on Gene Flow and Population Genetic Structure

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Landscape genetics explores how the microevolutionary processes of gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection interact with environmental heterogeneity to shape population genetic structure. ... More


Race, Difference, and Genes

Myles W. Jackson

in The Genealogy of a Gene: Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028660
eISBN:
9780262327190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028660.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter situates the CCR5 gene, specifically the Δ‎32 allele, in the contexts of four distinct yet related enterprises- race and genomics, Big Pharma, personalized medicine, and personal ... More


The Role of Longitudinal Studies in the Early Detection of Dementia

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Although the Seattle Longitudinal Study was designed to focus on cognitive changes in normal community-dwelling populations, it is inevitable that a prospective study of aging will eventually include ... More


Migration in Anthropological Genetics

Alan G. Fix

in Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036076
eISBN:
9780813041780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036076.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Migration and its consequence, gene flow, have been a major force affecting the frequency, spatial pattern, and spread of genes in human populations. Methodologies to document or infer local and ... More


Ancestry Testing and DNA: Uses, Limits, and Caveat Emptor

Troy Duster

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the increasing direct consumer use of DNA tests for ancestry tracing as well as its capacities and limits. It also examines the use of Ancestral Informative Markers (AIMs) as a ... More


Genetics in Dietary Analyses

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Nutritionists have long known that differences exist among individuals in their responses to the same dietary change, and it was assumed that many of these differences were due to unmeasurable ... More


Folic Acid and Neural Tube Defects

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.18
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between folic acid and neural tube defects. These include clinical observations and early interventions, case-control and cohort studies of folic acid intake, ... More


Population Genetics: the study of the genetic structure of human populations

Walter Bodmer and Bruce Winney

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the twentieth century, population genetics has enabled progressively finer subpopulation specification. This chapter traces the development of concepts and methods, beginning with the use of ... More


Genetic Markers for Antisocial Behavior

Sharon Niv and Laura A. Baker

in The Origins of Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199753475
eISBN:
9780190255985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199753475.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews research on genetic markers for antisocial behavior (ASB) and aggression. Following a brief description of the definition and scope of studies in ASB, the chapter summarizes the ... More


The Origins of Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective

Christopher R. Thomas and Kayla Pope (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199753475
eISBN:
9780190255985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199753475.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Antisocial behaviors including bullying, violence, and aggression have been an area of intense interest among researchers, clinicians, policy makers, and the general public because of their grievous ... More


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