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Ancestral Human Society

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the notion that humans became cooperative because in our ancestral environments we interacted frequently with the same group of close kin, among whom tit-for-tat and other ... More


The Coevolution of Institutions and Behaviors

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines how group competition favored the coevolution of the distinctive institutions of the hunter-gatherer society along with a predisposition for altruistic behavior. It first ... More


Genetic Structure of the Turks and Caicos Rock Iguana and its Implications for Species Conservation

Mark E. Welch, Glenn P. Gerber, and Scott K. Davis

in Iguanas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238541
eISBN:
9780520930117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238541.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the genetic structure of the Turks and Caicos iguana, Cyclura carinata carinata. It tests the assumption that overland dispersal does not limit gene flow among populations and ... More


The genomics of ecological speciation

Patrik Nosil

in Ecological Speciation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199587100
eISBN:
9780191810107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587100.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the genomic basis of ecological speciation. It empirically and theoretically explores the genomic perspective of speciation, leading to a more integrative understanding of ... More


Determining the number and location of genetically differentiated population fragments

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The number and geographic location of genetically differentiated populations must be identified to determine if fragmented populations require genetic management. Clustering of related genotypes to ... More


Quantifying genetic variation at the molecular level

Asher D. Cutter

in A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838944
eISBN:
9780191874826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838944.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 3, “Quantifying genetic variation at the molecular level,” introduces quantitative methods for measuring variation directly in DNA sequences to help decipher fundamental properties of ... More


Are there populations suffering genetic erosion that would benefit from gene flow?

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evidence of population structure and limited gene flow often leads to the questionable conclusion that populations should be managed as separate unit. A paradigm shift is needed where evidence of ... More


The Theory of the Evolution of Phenotypic Plasticity

Samuel M. Scheiner

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The theory of the evolution of phenotypic plasticity deals the role of the environment in determining the relationship between genotype and phenotype. The role of phenotypic plasticity in ... More


Effects of Urbanization on the Ecology and Evolution of Arthropods

Johan Kotze, Stephen Venn, Jari Niemelä, and John Spence

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Urbanisation impacts arthropod communities negatively but also creates opportunities for some species. Given their vital role in ecosystem function, arthropods are important components of urban ... More


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