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Localized Biologies: Mapping Race and Sickle Cell Difference in French West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter chronicles how, in the 1950s, sickle hemoglobin was tested in the blood of various Senegalese ethnic groups to determine the bounded nature of population-based race and ethnic groupings ... More


Bridging the Gap Between Modern Evolutionary Psychology and the Study of Individual Differences

Lars Penke

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores how individual differences can be better integrated into modern evolutionary psychology. It first introduces life history theory as arguably the most important evolutionary ... More


Orangutan cultures revisited

Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Reniastoeti Djojoasmoro, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Nuzuar Odom Kisar, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Recent comparative work has claimed the presence of socially transmitted behavioral innovations, ranging from tool use to sounds produced during nest building, i.e. culture, among wild orangutans. ... More


Evolutionary Versus Racial Medicine: Why it Matters

Joseph L. Graves

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the fallacies of racialized medicine, and how an evolutionary approach to medicine can contribute toward the elimination of health disparities. Racialized medicine begins with ... More


Conclusion: The Redemption of Essentialism

Ann Morning

in The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

A direct explanation of why essentialist concepts are more popular than constructivist ones might be simply that the former are true and the latter false. Many experts believe that there is a great ... More


Memory Expertise or Experts’ Memory?

John Wilding

in The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199794003
eISBN:
9780199345212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many studies of memory expertise may have only marginal relevance to our understanding of the memory of experts. Highly unusual superiority in exact recall is often accompanied by problems in the ... More


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