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How Darwinian Reductionism Refutes Genetic Determinism

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the subject of genetic determinism. Since the eagerness to refute the thesis motivates so much of the resistance to reductionism about biology, it is truly ironic that the ... More


Thinking About Change and Stability in Living Systems

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists' thinking about stability and change in human cognition and behavior has been shaped by two bad metaphors: the "blank slate" and "hard-wired" human nature. These metaphors ... More


Of Dogs, Daycare, and Discipline: A “Genetic Guide to Parenting”?

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Depending on which gene a child has, being sent to daycare can either increase or decrease a child’s chances of developing allergies. Likewise, children with one form of a gene respond better to an ... More


Genetics

Daniel B. Sinclair

in Jewish Biomedical Law: Legal and Extra-Legal Dimensions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268277
eISBN:
9780191683480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268277.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter sketches an outline of a general halakhic approach to modern genetics and addresses a number of issues in somewhat greater detail. These issues include the abortion of genetically ... More


Practical and ethical considerations in personal genomics

Joel T. Dudley

in Exploring Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199644483
eISBN:
9780191774577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644483.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the reasons and considerations that are often taken into account whenever someone wishes to obtain their personal genetic information. It stresses the importance of being ... More


Foundations of a Neo-Darwinian Approach to Morality

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, three refinements in Darwin’s theory of evolution and three criticisms of evolutionary approaches to human behavior that have important implications for morality are discussed. The ... More


Making Hay Out of Straw? Real and Imagined Controversies in Evolutionary Psychology

Robert Kurzban and Martie G. Haselton

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Debates should move past mischaracterizations and toward a discussion of genuine issues of contention. In order for fruitful debates to occur, all parties will need to agree that evolutionary ... More


“I Am the Baby’s Real Mother”: Reproductive Tourism and the Transnational Construction of Kinship

Laura Harrison

in Brown Bodies, White Babies: The Politics of Cross-Racial Surrogacy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479808175
eISBN:
9781479843589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479808175.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter considers the transnational circuits of reproductive labor, particularly what is known as reproductive tourism, from the United States to India. Broadly speaking, “reproductive tourism” ... More


Are There Really Informational Genes and Developmental Programs?

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The motivation for seeking a refutation of the claimed uniqueness of the gene in the causation of development is very strong. The details of attempts to refute genetic determinism by undermining ... More


Conclusion

Lars Schmeink

in Biopunk Dystopias Genetic Engineering, Society and Science Fiction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781781383766
eISBN:
9781786944115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383766.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 8 finally revisits the analyzed biopunk artifacts by introducing the concept of genohype as a liquid modern technique of applying a sort of individualistic genetic determinism. Biopunk, as ... More


The Genographic Network: Science, Markets, and Genetic Narratives

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Continuing the developments of the preceding chapters, this one engages with the novel constellations of science, markets and identity politics. The role of databanks and the internet is discussed ... More


Evolution, Ideology, and Human Nature

Riane Eisler

in Nurturing Our Humanity: How Domination and Partnership Shape Our Brains, Lives, and Future

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190935726
eISBN:
9780190935757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935726.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

If, as some evolutionary psychologists claim, we are inexorably driven by evolutionary imperatives of ruthless selfishness, it follows that we cannot solve problems such as violence and oppression. ... More


Coming of Age and the Other: Critical Posthumanism in Paolo Bacigalupi’s Ship Breaker and The Drowned Cities

Lars Schmeink

in Posthumanism in Young Adult Fiction: Finding Humanity in a Posthuman World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496816696
eISBN:
9781496816733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496816696.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Paolo Bacigalupi, known for his eco-fiction, sets his Ship Breaker and The Drowned Cities in dystopias of flooded environments controlled and exploited by huge corporations. Everything is ... More


Biotech Patronage and the Making of Homo DNA

Jaqueline Stevens

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines genetic iconography, which has sensationalized rather than elucidated contemporary bioethical crises by placing the causes of public health and agricultural problems into the ... More


Proximate and Ultimate Information in Biology

Paul E. Griffiths

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Paul E. Griffiths defends an account of biological information that can be used to buttress Kitcher’s causal democracy principle. He argues that we can combine the insights of interventionist ... More


Lessons from Development, Ecology, and Evolutionary Biology

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Two concepts from other areas of biology can shed important light on human nature and its implications for the prospects for social change: phenotypic plasticity and niche construction. Clarifying ... More


Review: ALLEN BUCHANAN, DAN W. BROCK, NORMAN DANIELS, AND DANIEL WIKLER (2000), From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Philosophical Interventions: Reviews 1986-2011

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199777853
eISBN:
9780190267612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews the book From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice (2000), by Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels, and Daniel Wikler. The book argues that we should use our new ... More


Posthuman Potential and Ecological Limit in Future Worlds

Phoebe Chen

in Posthumanism in Young Adult Fiction: Finding Humanity in a Posthuman World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496816696
eISBN:
9781496816733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496816696.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Phoebe Chen analyzes three representative YA dystopic novels in which characters face ecological disaster and finds them lacking, inadequate to address posthumanist possibilities. Ecological ... More


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