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Grammatical Assimilation

Ted Briscoe

in Language Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244843
eISBN:
9780191715167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on the possible emergence of biological adaptations for grammar. It argues that we may be able to understand how language-specific learning biases could have arisen in our ... More


Reconstructing Darwinism: from Darwin to the genome via the Modern Synthesis

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

This chapter deals with the traditional objections to the Modern Synthesis to decide whether the genome perusal forces us to update (or change) this synthesis. After a journey from Darwin's ideas to ... More


Adaptive Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Adaptive evolution—phenotypic improvement due to selection—is the central theme of Darwinian evolutionary biology. The concept of adaptive evolution by ... More


Culture in Songbirds and Its Contribution to the Evolution of New Species

Darren E. Irwin

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

No discussion of culture would be complete without considering learned behaviors in non-human animals. This chapter gives a brief overview of cultural phenomena in a variety of vertebrates, focusing ... More


Genetic Assimilation and the Paradox of Blind Variation

Arnaud Pocheville and Étienne Danchin

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter confronts the neo-Darwinian core tenet of blind variation, or random mutation, with classical and recent models of genetic assimilation. We first argue that all the mechanisms proposed ... More


Phenotypic plasticity and innovation

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0223
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Individual genotypes can often form more than one phenotype; they show phenotypic plasticity. Phenotypic plasticity arises from environmental change. This chapter discusses how plasticity itself ... More


Final Discussion

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0041
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter summarizes the main topics discussed in this book. It discusses some important points about Lamarckism and evolutionary biology today, the prevalence and evolutionary ... More


What Are the Possible Biological and Genetic Foundations for Syntactic Phenomena?

Számadó Szabolcs, Hurford James R., Bishop Dorothy V. M., Deacon Terrence W., d’Errico Francesco, Fischer Julia, Okanoya Kazuo, Szathmáry Eörs, and White Stephanie A.

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Syntax is a highly complex system unique to humans, and its evolution is even more complex. The comparative method used by biologists is not sufficient to elucidate human language but can still be ... More


What Can Formal or Computational Models Tell Us about How (Much) Language Shaped the Brain?

Briscoe Ted

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter considers arguments for and against language-specific learning bias or constraint on human languages within the framework of the debate over the role of innate constraints in human ... More


Waddington’s Processual Epigenetics and the Debate over Cryptic Variability

Flavia Fabris

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reappraises Waddington’s processual theory of epigenetics and examines its implications for contemporary evolutionary biology. It focuses in particular on the ontological difference ... More


Genetic exchange and conservation

Michael L. Arnold

in Divergence with Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198726029
eISBN:
9780191792960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726029.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Some outcomes of genetic exchange between divergent lineages reflect risks to biodiversity. These include cases in which reticulate evolution produces highly virulent pathogens that decimate native ... More


Epigenetic regulation of mirror neuron development, and related evolutionary hypotheses

Antonella Tramacere, Pier F. Ferrari, and Atsushi Iriki

in New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199686155
eISBN:
9780191807589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686155.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter offers a brief review of theories on mirror neuron development, highlighting different models. These models focus on either the role of genetic mechanisms or the contributions of ... More


Transgenerational Epigenetic Inheritance

Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reports the case of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It concentrates on developmental biology, in particular on molecular studies of epigenetics, and on one specific challenge: ... More


Forever united: the co-evolution of language and normativity

Ehud Lamm

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter argues that human norm psychology and human language coevolved, and explores the implications of this hypothesis. Developmental interactions between language acquisition, norm ... More


Convergent evolution is common in plant systems

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Evolution can be considered to either have a direction or to be merely the result of the meandering of a complex system underpinned by random mutation. Convergent evolution would suggest, instead, ... More


Adaptable Ancestors: Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

David F. Bjorklund

in How Children Invented Humanity: The Role of Development in Human Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190066864
eISBN:
9780190066895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066864.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The high level of plasticity shown by children today was also a feature of our forechildren. Experiences early in life can modify the morphology or behavior of an animal and result in new pressures ... More


The origin of language

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The past 30 years has witnessed a debate between the holders of two very different views about how humans are able to talk. The behaviourists, following B. F. Skinner, argue that we learn to talk ... More


Development and evolution

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

In the nineteenth century, ideas about development, heredity and evolution were inextricably mixed up, because it seemed natural to suppose that changes that first occurred in development could ... More


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