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The genetic architecture of sexual dimorphism: the potential roles of genomic imprinting and condition-dependence

Russell Bonduriansky

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The first section of this chapter presents new theory showing that sex-specific patterns of genomic imprinting may play a role in the genetic architecture and expression of sexually dimorphic traits. ... More


Selection and Genetic Architecture of Plant Resistance

Mary Ellen Czesak, Robert S. Fritz, and Cris Hochwender

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Basic and applied research programs can both benefit by approaching concerns regarding resistance to herbivores from a perspective centering on natural selection and genetic architecture of ... More


Epigenetic processes and genetic architecture in character origination and evolution

Alexander V. Badyaev and J. Bruce Walsh

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

The complexity of biological systems often prevents the construction of deterministic framework for the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes in development and evolution. The void is filled ... More


Host-parasite genetics

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter takes a deeper look into the genetics of both the host and the parasite. First, it explores the genetic architecture of host resistance, as well as several methods that are used to ... More


Quantitative Genetics

Fred W. Allendorf, W. Chris Funk, Sally N. Aitken, Margaret Byrne, and Gordon Luikart

in Conservation and the Genomics of Populations

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780198856566
eISBN:
9780191889912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856566.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Most phenotypic traits are the product of many genes as well as environmental effects, and the resulting phenotypic variation is quantitative rather than qualitative. The extent to which traits are ... More


Genes on the wing: colour pattern genetics

Chris D. Jiggins

in The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199566570
eISBN:
9780191833922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566570.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Heliconius wing patterns have been the focus of evolutionary genetic analysis for many years. Early genetic studies characterized a large number of Mendelian loci with large effects on wing pattern ... More


Genetic Variation and Phenotypic Plasticity

Jeffrey A. Hutchings

in A Primer of Life Histories: Ecology, Evolution, and Application

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198839873
eISBN:
9780191875601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839873.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The genotype is that part of the genetic make-up of an organism causally responsible, to greater or lesser degrees, for the phenotype. The underlying genetic basis of a trait depends on genetic ... More


Multilocus evolution

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Most phenotypic traits are affected by a multitude of genes, which may interact in complex ways. This means that the single locus model explored in chapters 3 and 4 is not always able to capture the ... More


Long-term Response: 1. Deterministic Aspects

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In a large population in the absence of new mutation, selection is expected to eventually drive all of the additive-genetic variance in a trait toward zero, resulting in a selection limit. This ... More


The Evolution of Parental Care

Mathias Kölliker

Nick J. Royle and Per T. Smiseth (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parental care includes a wide variety of traits that enhance offspring development and survival. It is taxonomically widespread and is central to the maintenance of biodiversity through its close ... More


Future directions in floral mimicry research

Steven D. Johnson and Florian P. Schiestl

in Floral Mimicry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198732693
eISBN:
9780191796975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732693.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

More than 200 years after the discovery of floral mimicry by Sprengel many questions about this fascinating natural phenomenon remain unanswered. Floral mimicry has traditionally been a relatively ... More


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