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Beyond Patents: Protecting Drugs through Regulatory Law

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explains regulatory laws that provide complementary protection to patent laws by limiting competition from generic manufacturers. In particular, it focuses on explaining “data ... More


Global Pharmaceuticals and East Africa

Nitsan Chorev

in Give and Take: Developmental Foreign Aid and the Pharmaceutical Industry in East Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197845
eISBN:
9780691198873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197845.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter traces the shift in the pharmaceutical markets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda from markets dominated by originator (brand-name) drugs produced by western companies to markets dominated ... More


Regulation of Drugs and Health Care Products

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the regulation of drugs and products for safety and efficacy. It begins with a history of drug regulation, covering public health crises that engendered major expansions in 1906, ... More


Intellectual Property Rights and the Right to Health: The Glivec Patent Claim in India

Rajshree Chandra

in Knowledge as Property: Issues in the Moral Grounding of Intellectual Property Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065579
eISBN:
9780199080120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065579.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines intellectual property rights in the context of the right to health. It presents the Novartis patent claim for the anti-cancer drug ‘Glivec’ in India as a case-study to highlight ... More


Beyond Patents: Global Challenges to Affordable Medicine

Cynthia M. Ho

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter deals with the way academic writing and policy analysis has missed something important in its articulation of the way patent law impedes making low-cost generic versions of essential ... More


An Introduction to TRIPS

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter provides a brief overview of TRIPS, with emphasis on provisions that impact patented and generic drugs. In particular, it discusses what TRIPS requires in terms of what must be patented, ... More


The Second Market Environment: Learning by Proving in Global Regulatory Harmonization

in Market Menagerie: Health and Development in Late Industrial States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804780544
eISBN:
9780804781916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804780544.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the second market environment for India's pharmaceutical industry which was driven by efforts to harmonize the local market with international regulations. It explains how ... More


Early Withdrawal of Patented Drugs as an Entry-deterring Device

Sugata Marjit, Tarun Kabiraj, and Arijita Dutta

in Emerging Issues in Economic Development: A Contemporary Theoretical Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198099062
eISBN:
9780199084982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099062.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter seeks to explain why some pharmaceutical companies are observed to withdraw their products before patents are expired and simultaneously introduce new patented (competing) products. ... More


The Right to Treatment

Peter Piot

in AIDS Between Science and Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166263
eISBN:
9780231538770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166263.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the quest for an effective treatment for AIDS and efforts to provide universal access to treatment. In the early 1980s there were no effective treatments against viruses on the ... More


Questioning the Bifurcations in Global Health Discourses

Anne Pollock

in Synthesizing Hope: Matter, Knowledge, and Place in South African Drug Discovery

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226629049
eISBN:
9780226629216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629216.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores what makes iThemba Pharmaceuticals’s mission of finding new drugs for TB, HIV, and malaria in South Africa distinctive. The chapter contrasts iThemba’s approach with that of the ... More


The Access Regime: Creation, Working, and Pathways

Feroz Ali

in The Access Regime: Patent Law Reforms for Affordable Medicines

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199463480
eISBN:
9780199086344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463480.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The flexibilities of the TRIPS Agreement has been interpreted and applied in a restrictive manner by developed countries and promoted by developing countries. This chapter examines how the technology ... More


Reflections

Jie Jack Li

in Blockbuster Drugs: The Rise and Fall of the Pharmaceutical Industry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199737680
eISBN:
9780197563014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199737680.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Most blockbusters have at least one thing in common—they are widely prescribed to treat a common illness, such as hypertension, high cholesterol, pain, ulcers, ... More


Groups at Special Risk of Adverse Effects

Graham Brack, Penny Franklin, and Jill Caldwell

in Medicines management for nursing practice: Pharmacology, patient safety, and procedures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697878
eISBN:
9780191918490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697878.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

In Chapters 3 and 4 the general principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were addressed. This chapter builds on these principles and looks at specific ... More


Blood Thinners: From Heparin to Plavix

Jie Jack Li

in Blockbuster Drugs: The Rise and Fall of the Pharmaceutical Industry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199737680
eISBN:
9780197563014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199737680.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Three types of blood cells exist in the human body: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, in addition to plasma, which takes up 55 percent of the blood’s ... More


Patents, Patent Trolls and Intellectual Property

David Segal

in Materials for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198804079
eISBN:
9780191842320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804079.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Chapter 11 gives an outline of intellectual property, in particular patents. The structure of patent documents is described. The use of patents literature as a source of technical conformation is ... More


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