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The Impossibility of Universal Nationalism

Jacob T. Levy

in The Multiculturalism of Fear

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297123
eISBN:
9780191599767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297122.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Arguments for universalized nationalism, for a nationalism of all nations, must fail. In such a universal argument, ‘nation’ must be a descriptive concept, and it must be one that allows for a world ... More


Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Patrick Meyer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This is a book in the Understanding Statistics series, which is designed to provide guides to understanding, presenting, and critiquing analyses and associated inferences. Each book in the series ... More


External Validity Reconsidered

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter talks about the significance of generalizability. Experimentalists often go to great lengths to argue that student or other convenience samples are not problematic in terms of external ... More


More Than Just Another Method

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses how population-based survey experiments can be especially valuable to more particularistic research because the target of applicability is known and specified. With ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter, specific recommendations made in chapters one through five are summarized. In conclusion, it is argued that, more generally, and in the longer term, alternatives and supplements to ... More


Implementing the Decision

James C. Raines and Nic T. Dibble

in Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199735853
eISBN:
9780199863457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735853.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

There is an important difference between “managing” the ethical predicament, rather than “resolving” it. Managing a problem does not mean that we can necessarily prevent all negative outcomes whereas ... More


The Seven Properties of Good Models

XAVIER GABAIX and DAVID LAIBSON

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Models are significant as they are used to provide a supposedly reliable description or representation of the world. Most of the models that scientists attempt to generate and analyze are based on ... More


ConclusionExtending and Applying Stereotype Threat Research: A Brief Essay

Claude M. Steele

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay provides a capstone to this edited volume on stereotype threat by addressing three issues related to the original theory. First, stereotype threat arises when we could reasonably theorize ... More


Generalizability theory

David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

in Health Measurement Scales: A practical guide to their development and use

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231881
eISBN:
9780191724015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Generalizability theory is a powerful method for simultaneously assessing many factors that affect reliability. Its use has been limited by its conceptual complexity and the lack of user-friendly ... More


Introduction

J. Patrick Meyer

in Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Unobservable characters called constructs or latent traits are frequently measured by social scientists though certain educational and psychological tests. It is observed in this chapter that ... More


Generalizability of IPS

Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond, and Deborah R. Becker

in Individual Placement and Support: An Evidence-Based Approach to Supported Employment

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199734016
eISBN:
9780199949755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734016.003.0026
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines the generalizability of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) across diverse populations, settings, communities, and nations. The crux of generalizing is this: does the ... More


Psychological Structures in Music: Core Research 1980–1990

John Sloboda

in Exploring the Musical Mind: Cognition, emotion, ability, function

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530121
eISBN:
9780191689741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530121.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

The fundamental characteristic that distinguishes the psychologist of music from the music theorist or analyst is the former's concern with empirical measurement of musical behaviour or response. A ... More


From Power to Foreign Policy: The Causal Chain

Thomas Juneau

in Squandered Opportunity: Neoclassical Realism and Iranian Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804793056
eISBN:
9780804795081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793056.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter proposes modifications to neoclassical realism, labeling the result the strategic analysis variant. It is possible to view this variant in terms of its position on a continuum built ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan Hearn

in Salvage Ethnography in the Financial Sector: The Path to Economic Crisis in Scotland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719087998
eISBN:
9781526128492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087998.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The conclusion reviews and reflects on main themes. It emphasises the fact that Bank of Scotland continues, despite the end of HBOS and the elegiac tone of this study. It returns to the idea of ... More


Two Generations of Research

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0006
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Human information behavior emerged as a scholarly area in the early 1960s and has since undergone several transformations, particularly the transition from the first research generation to the ... More


What Is This Thing Called Research?

Zachary M. Schrag

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter explores various ways of distinguishing research that should and should not be covered by human subjects regulations. Aligning regulations to the underlying statute, which only covers ... More


Furthering Dissemination and Implementation Research: The Need for More Attention to External Validity

Lawrence W. Green and Mona Nasser

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190683214
eISBN:
9780190683245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683214.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter raises questions about the reliability of much “evidence-based practice” disseminated from the original studies and systematic reviews of those studies, insofar as they were often ... More


Conclusion and Directions for Future Research

Peter A. Bamberger, Samuel B. Bacharach, Kathleen A. Briggs, and Meira Ben-Gad

in Retirement and the Hidden Epidemic: The Complex Link Between Aging, Work Disengagement, and Substance Misuse and What To Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199374120
eISBN:
9780190216894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374120.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter summarizes our conclusions and offers some ideas for fruitful new lines of research. Among the ideas proposed are (1) examining generational or cohort differences in alcohol consumption ... More


Reliability and Measurement Error

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

in Key Concepts in Measurement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Reliability is the degree to which measurements are free from error, making reliability inversely related to error. Reliability goes hand-in-hand with validity, as any reputable introductory research ... More


External Validity

Richard McCleary, David McDowall, and Bradley J. Bartos

in Design and Analysis of Time Series Experiments

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190661557
eISBN:
9780190661595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190661557.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

A threat to external validity is any factor that limits the generalizability of an observed result. Unlike all threats to statistical conclusion and internal validities and some threats to construct ... More


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