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The Finitary Predicament

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides further argument justifying the claim that our use of finite dependency networks entails no loss at all of theoretical generality, as far as belief revision on the part of ... More


Art and Embodiment: From Aesthetics to Self-Consciousness

Paul Crowther

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244973
eISBN:
9780191697425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244973.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Critical Aesthetics and Postmodernism (Clarendon Press, 1993) argued that art and aesthetic experiences have the capacity to humanize. In this book, the author develops this theme in ... More


Multiple Principles of Political Obligation

George Klosko

in Political Obligations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scholars who doubt the existence of general political obligations typically criticize and reject theories of obligation on the basis of individual moral principles, for example, consent, fairness, or ... More


In Pursuit of a Theory of Political Obligation

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that a fully satisfactory theory of political obligation will pass certain tests. It will offer an affirmative answer to the membership problem and, among other things, it will ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed. These volumes provide a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. They ... More


Problem Cases for the General Form

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines how Wittgenstein envisaged the analysis of some important kinds of proposition that, at least superficially, do not fit the requirements of the general form of the proposition. ... More


Symbol Manipulation

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the nature and uses of visual thinking with symbols in mathematics. It examines visual symbolic thinking, which is more varied than one might expect, to see how it can ... More


Transcendental Arguments

Quassim Cassam

in The Possibility of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the proposal that the best way to answer an epistemological how-possible question is by means of a transcendental argument. Although it might appear that transcendental ... More


Rules and Restrictions

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Language is both cognitive and sociocultural, consisting in conventionally sanctioned patterns of communicative activity. These patterns take the form of schemas abstracted from usage events by the ... More


Attempted definitions of ‘ontological category’

Jan Westerhoff

in Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199285044
eISBN:
9780191713699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285044.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the different definitions of ontological categories which have been proposed. Two positions, one declaring the problem to be inherently unsolvable, and the other taking recourse ... More


The Legitimacy of Identification with Generality

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter turns to an approach that was at once more modest and more effective in countering the dysfunctions of the electoral-representative system and its unrequited need for legitimacy than the ... More


Resolving the paradoxes

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The discussion of Wittgenstein's account of quantification in Chapter 20 left unaddressed what sort of theory of types it commits us to. To answer this question we need to look in more detail at the ... More


The Democracy of Impartiality

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter asks whether independent authorities are representative in character, whether society can exert control over them, and whether they meet standards of establishment and accountability. It ... More


Is Impartiality Politics?

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines conceptions of impartiality and looks at how impartiality itself is approached in a political context. In doing so the chapter asks if the shift from positive to negative ... More


Reflexive Democracy

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses reflexive democracy, which is democracy's attempt to correct and compensate for three flawed assumptions, thus giving rise to a “generality of multiplication.” In contrast to ... More


Animal Subjects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 9 a question was raised as to the generality of the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. This chapter describes experiments designed to extend the generality of these effects. It was ... More


The Generality and Assessment of Experimenter Effects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the generality of experimenter effects. It presents more formal definitions of certain operating characteristics of the experimenter. It then considers the ... More


Naturalism and ‘Turning our Examination Round’

Marie McGinn

in Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691524
eISBN:
9780191742262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691524.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In his later work, Wittgenstein attacks the tendency to sublime the logic of our language that he finds in Russell and his own earlier philosophy. This chapter argues that this tendency should be ... More


On Constraints of Generality

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Gareth Evans proposed, as a constraint on thought, that anyone, to entertain any given thought, must be able to entertain a particular (thinker-relative) system of them. This chapter argues that our ... More


Frege on Apriority (2000)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter compares Frege's conception of apriority with those of Kant and Leibniz. The oddity (indeed, mistake) in Frege's explaining apriority in terms of derivation from general laws is ... More


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