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Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Many Moral Particularisms

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies moral particularism as a family of theses all of which involve some sort of negative assessment of moral principles. Family members are distinguished by the different negative ... More


Constitutive Generalism

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to one dimension of the generalist tradition, moral principles are built into the very meaning of moral predicates. They are analytic truths, and thus anyone who is in fact competent with a ... More


More Modules

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers four-species modules and the role of generalism (effectively a three-species module with a consumer feeding on two resources). It first examines how generalists affect the ... More


Particularism and Antitheory

Mark Lance and Margaret Little

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets out to distinguish the sorts of claims have been advanced under the rubric of “moral particularism,” and to sort through the insights and costs of each. In particular, it ... More


Where Should Primary Care Be Taught—and by Whom?

ERIC J. CASSELL

in Doctoring: The Nature of Primary Care Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195113235
eISBN:
9780199999828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113235.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter addresses who will teach the new knowledge on which modern generalism is based and what to do in the absence of a sufficient cadre of teachers. It will be sad if the inadequacies of the ... More


General Criteria and Reasons in Aesthetics

Frank Sibley

in Approach to Aesthetics: Collected Papers on Philosophical Aesthetics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238997
eISBN:
9780191598418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238991.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Discusses Beardsley’s ‘generalist’ view that in criticism there can be and are general reasons for aesthetic judgement, a view that Sibley shares. Sibley defends this generalist position by exposing ... More


RATIONALITY AND EVOLUTION

Peter. Danielson

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rationality and evolution are apparently quite different, applying, respectively, to the acts of complex, well-informed individuals and to populations of what may be mindlessly simple entities. So it ... More


Exploring Alternatives to the Simple Model: Is there an Atomistic Option? *

Luke Robinson

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The simple model maintains that morally relevant factors combine in a simple, additive way, like weights on a scale. Although intuitive and familiar, this model entails that certain plausible views ... More


True Exceptions: Defeasibility and Particularism *

Bruno Celano

in The Logic of Legal Requirements: Essays on Defeasibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661640
eISBN:
9780191745461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661640.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The identity assumption is part and parcel of the notion that some norms are not barely wrong, but defeasible. There are various ways of substantiating the identity assumption, corresponding to some ... More


Realism

Frederic R. Kellogg

in Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Holmes's thought is distinguished from the dominant assumptions of legal realism. His theory has roots in Mill’s radical empiricism in A System of Logic, viewing abstraction as grounded in particular ... More


The challenge of integration

Alan Cribb

in Healthcare in Transition: Understanding Key Ideas and Tensions in Contemporary Health Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447323211
eISBN:
9781447323235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323211.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter analyses the increasingly influential idea that healthcare systems, or health and social care systems more broadly, need to be better integrated—that both services and the experiences of ... More


: from physician to neurologist

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Why, despite often-alleged origins in antiquity, did neurology in Britain endeavour for so long to become a formally recognised specialty within general medicine? To answer this question, this ... More


The First World War and the transformation of neurology

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

World War I marked a moment of social transformation in British medical culture and was thus an extraordinary period of change for clinical neurology in Britain. Before the war the British medical ... More


Individuals

Theodore Sider

in The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198811565
eISBN:
9780191848445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811565.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Various structuralists about individuals, such as ontic structural realists and ante rem mathematical structuralists, say that individuals are "just positions in structures". This chapter is a long ... More


Should Generalism Be Our Regulative Ideal?

Alan Thomas

in Intuition, Theory, and Anti-Theory in Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198713227
eISBN:
9780191781650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713227.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers an important challenge to arguments from particularism from Ridge and McKeever’s claim that generalism is our ‘regulative ideal’. They argue, from a dialectically neutral ... More


Conspiracy Theories and Philosophy: Bringing the Epistemology of a Freighted Term into the Social Sciences

M R. X. Dentith

in Conspiracy Theories and the People Who Believe Them

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190844073
eISBN:
9780190909611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190844073.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

There has been a recent spate of academic work concerning these things called conspiracy theories. Part of that debate concerns the apparent irrationality of belief in conspiracy theories. I argue ... More


Contemplating One’s Nagel

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This critical notice of Nagel’s The View from Nowhere argues that Nagel runs two distinct conceptions of objectivity together, in a way that unsettles many of the main conclusions of his book. The ... More


In Defence of Thick Concepts

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper focuses on the way in which thick concepts manage to combine the descriptive and the evaluative. It accepts Blackburn’s suggestion that thick terms have variable relevance, but disputes ... More


Ethical Particularism and Morally Relevant Properties

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper follows a path that takes us from utilitarianism to particularism. Utilitarianism is the leading one-principle theory; its falsehood is here simply asserted. W. D. Ross’s theory of prima ... More


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