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The Society of the General Will

Joshua Cohen

in Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

How can we be free, self-legislating agents under a collective authority that provides protection for each of us? That is the fundamental problem of political legitimacy, and Rousseau's solution, ... More


Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Kant on the Right to Revolution

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kant condemned revolution as a violation of a duty of justice, yet was a supporter of the French Revolution. This chapter defends Kant's view that revolution is a violation of a duty of justice by ... More


Rousseau's Civil Religion Reconsidered

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

I ask and attempt to answer three questions. First, what role or place does Rousseau's scheme for a civil religion occupy in his political theory? Second, what were Rousseau's intentions—i.e. what ... More


The Sovereign People, the Law, and the Citizen

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645060
eISBN:
9780191741616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plamenatz sees Rousseau as combining individualist and collectivist aspects in his thought throughout his life, although the Social Contract is the only work that gives hem equal prominence. He ... More


Developments in Idealist Political and Social Philosophy

W. J. Mander

in British Idealism: A History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559299
eISBN:
9780191725531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559299.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the later developments in Idealist political philosophy. It begins with a detailed account of the political philosophy of Bernard Bosanquet examining his ideas about such ... More


Rousseau’s General Will

Jane Anna Gordon

in Creolizing Political Theory: Reading Rousseau through Fanon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823254811
eISBN:
9780823260881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254811.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s famous and infamous distinction between the general will and the will in general. As the basis for an account of how legitimacy emerges within political ... More


Abandoned to Ourselves

Peter A. Meyers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300172058
eISBN:
9780300178050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300172058.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book shows how the centerpiece of the Enlightenment—society as the symbol of collective human life and as the fundamental domain of human practice—was primarily composed and animated by its most ... More


Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Creating—and Preserving—a Free People

Dana Villa

in Teachers of the People: Political Education in Rousseau, Hegel, Tocqueville, and Mill

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226467498
eISBN:
9780226467528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467528.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter traces Rousseau's complex and somewhat paradoxical views on political education. For Rousseau, popular sovereignty was the only truly legitimate form of political power. However, unlike ... More


Sovereignty and Law

Robin Douglass

in Rousseau and Hobbes: Nature, Free Will, and the Passions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198724964
eISBN:
9780191792441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724964.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter assesses the extent to which Rousseau’s account of the social order was aimed at overcoming problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature. While revealing some of his affinities with ... More


Fanonian National Consciousness

Jane Anna Gordon

in Creolizing Political Theory: Reading Rousseau through Fanon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823254811
eISBN:
9780823260881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254811.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores how Frantz Fanon’s national consciousness emerges only out of deliberate challenges to relations of subordination and alienation. Unlike with Rousseau’s general will, in Fanon ... More


Writing the Social Contradiction: Rousseau’s Literary Politics

Zoe Beenstock

in The Politics of Romanticism: The Social Contract and Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474401036
eISBN:
9781474422147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401036.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores Rousseau’s account of the tension between community and individual by examining the Second Discourse and the Social Contract on the one hand, and Julie on the other. In his ... More


Actors and Spectators: Rousseau’s Contribution to the Eighteenth-century Debate on Self-interest

Mark J. Hill

in Adam Smith and Rousseau: Ethics, Politics, Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474422857
eISBN:
9781474445115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474422857.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A debate between virtuous self-interest and social morality emerged in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The historical narrative of these ideas has been touched on by others – such as Albert ... More


Reconciling Individuality and Sociality in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right

Todd Hedrick

in Reconciliation and Reification: Freedom's Semblance and Actuality from Hegel to Contemporary Critical Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190634025
eISBN:
9780190634056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634025.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter explores Hegel’s concept of freedom through reconciliation. It begins by considering how Rousseau conceives of freedom as a kind of self-authorship made possible not just by living under ... More


Community and Voice

Andrew Norris

in Becoming Who We Are: Politics and Practical Philosophy in the Work of Stanley Cavell

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190673949
eISBN:
9780190673970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190673949.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter analyzes Cavell’s reception of Rousseau’s theory of the general will and the manner in which he uses it to counter dominant conceptions of democracy, freedom, rhetoric, and public ... More


Rousseau and the Meaning of Popular Sovereignty

Stuart White

in Ideas That Matter: Democracy, Justice, Rights

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190904951
eISBN:
9780190904982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Contemporary democratic politics in many nations is characterized by a double anxiety concerning elite and “populist” capture of the political process. While the elitism concern points to the need to ... More


Individual Sovereignty and Community: Wordsworth’s Prelude

Zoe Beenstock

in The Politics of Romanticism: The Social Contract and Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474401036
eISBN:
9781474422147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401036.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Wordsworth understood poetry as a development of political economy. The 1805 Prelude describes his personal growth as a transition from a state of nature to society. Echoing Rousseau’s Second ... More


Democracy, Self, and the Problem of the General Will in Nineteenth-Century French Political Thought

Michael Drolet

in Re-imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions: America, France, Britain, Ireland 1750-1850

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669158
eISBN:
9780191757365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669158.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History, History of Ideas

In post-revolutionary France, ‘democracy’ came to be conceived above all as a social condition: the condition of equality that had resulted from the abolition of privilege during the revolutionary ... More


Kant and Libertarianism

Howard Williams

in Kant on Practical Justification: Interpretive Essays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195395686
eISBN:
9780199979295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395686.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The object of this chapter is to demonstrate that, although there are close affinities between Kant’s views and those of contemporary libertarians, Kant’s political philosophy as a whole is not ... More


Human Rights beyond the Double Bind of Sovereignty: A Response to Kate Nash

Mark Goodale

in The Limits of Human Rights

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198824756
eISBN:
9780191863479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824756.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter responds to Kate Nash’s contribution by examining what she describes as the two sovereignties that shape the life of contemporary human rights: the first, the state sovereignty of the ... More


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