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“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


The Annotated Manuscript

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section presents annotations of the manuscript of Albert Einstein's canonical 1916 paper on the general theory of relativity. It begins with a discussion of the foundation of the general theory ... More


Einstein’s Intellectual Odyssey to General Relativity

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section discusses the development of Albert Einstein's ideas and attitudes as he struggled for eight years to come up with a general theory of relativity that would meet the physical and ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


Transcendental‐Phenomenological Idealism: Husserl and Weyl

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Weyl’s major contributions in the spring of 1918 to the general theory of relativity and to constructive analysis reveal the influence of Husserl’s transcendental-phenomenological idealism. The known ... More


Epilogue: The “Geometrization of Physics” and Transcendental Idealism

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The transcendental idealist underpinnings of the geometrized field physics proposed by Hermann Weyl and by Arthur Eddington remained largely unrecognized. Èmile Meyerson was a notable exception. It ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


The General Theory of Relativity (Continued)

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter shows that in the limit of weak fields and low velocities, the equation of the geodesic line reduces to Newton's equation of motion. It proceeds to derive the gravitational field ... More


The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This richly annotated facsimile edition of “The Foundation of General Relativity” introduces a new generation of readers to Albert Einstein's theory of gravitation. Written in 1915, this remarkable ... More


The General Theory of Relativity

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter shows how Einstein has developed and described the mathematical apparatus that is necessary to formulate the physical contents of the general theory of gravity. It first discusses the ... More


Generalization of Gravitation Theory

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter attempts to formulate a consistent extension of the theory of general relativity. The starting point of the general theory of relativity is the recognition of the unity of gravitation ... More


The Charm of a Manuscript

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section discusses the story of how Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity evolved into a full-fledged theory. Einstein's manuscript, “The Foundation of General Relativity,” marks the ... More


For the Second Edition: On The "Cosmologic Problem"

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers the so-called “cosmologic problem” in greater detail. According to Einstein, the problem can be roughly formulated as: on account of our observations on fixed stars we are ... More


Riemann and the Sound of Space

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0016
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The separate works of Bernhard Riemann and Hermann von Helmholtz reflected their shared concern with hearing in the context of the problem of space and the physical foundations of geometry. Riemann ... More


Is Time Travel Possible?

Adrian Bardon

in A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199976454
eISBN:
9780199346165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199976454.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The static theory of time treats temporal location a lot like spatial location. In accordance with contemporary physics, spacetime is treated in this theory as an unchanging ... More


Empirical Background and the Bases for the Investigation

Albert Rothenberg

in Flight from Wonder: An Investigation of Scientific Creativity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199988792
eISBN:
9780190214159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988792.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The empirical investigation into scientific creativity begins with several primary-source accounts of theoretical breakthroughs from great scientists of the past. Featured are Albert Einstein’s ... More


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