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The Arguments of Time

Jeremy Butterfield (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263464
eISBN:
9780191734748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263464.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

These nine chapters, commissioned on the initiative of the Philosophy section of the British Academy, address fundamental questions about time in philosophy, physics, linguistics, and psychology. Are ... More


General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230723
eISBN:
9780191710872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

General Relativity has passed all experimental and observational tests to model the motion of isolated bodies with strong gravitational fields, though the mathematical and numerical study of these ... More


General Covariance and the “Relativized A Priori”: Two Roads from Kant

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A tension within Kant’s Transcendental Analytic, regarding the combination of the “active” faculty of understanding with the “passive” faculty of sensibility, underlies the distinct appraisals in ... More


On the Emergence of Time in Quantum Gravity

Jeremy Butterfield and Chris Isham

in The Arguments of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263464
eISBN:
9780191734748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263464.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the idea that the treatment of time in present-day physical theories, general relativity and quantum theory, might be an approximation to a very different treatment in the as ... More


Equations of Motion in General Relativity

Hideki Asada, Toshifumi Futamase, and Peter Hogan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199584109
eISBN:
9780191723421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584109.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book focuses attention on two aspects of equations of motion in general relativity: the motion of extended bodies(stars) and the motion of small black holes. The objective is to offer a guide to ... More


“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Dean Rickles, Steven French, and Juha T. Saatsi (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum gravity is the name given to a theory that unites general relativity — Einstein's theory of gravitation and spacetime — with quantum field theory, our framework for describing ... More


The Development of Machian Themes in the Twentieth Century

Julian Barbour

in The Arguments of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263464
eISBN:
9780191734748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263464.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter charts the complicated legacy of Mach's critique of absolute space and time. In 1902, Poincaré achieved a clear formulation of what a truly Machian mechanics should accomplish: it should ... More


Intrepreting classical gauge theories

Richard Healey

in Gauging What's Real: The Conceptual Foundations of Gauge Theories

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199287963
eISBN:
9780191713453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287963.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents and defends an interpretation of classical gauge theories, including electromagnetism. It argues that Yang-Mills gauge theories (but not general relativity) are best understood ... More


The genius

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Albert Einstein is the only scientist who's genius was comparable to that of Newton's. Their personalities and lifestyles were completely different, but they were both consumed by the desire to know. ... More


This too is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The validity suggested by beauty must be verified by experiment. Three major predictions of general relativity are: gravitational fields bend light, slow down time beyond the effect of special ... More


Structure, Individuality, and Quantum Gravity

John Stachel

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews various interpretations of structural realism and then adopts a definition that allows both relations between things that are already individuated (‘relations between things’) ... More


Time warps and bent space

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

General relativity is the extension of the ideas of relativity to accelerated motion. It starts with the premise that the laws of physics should be the same for all, whatever the state of motion. It ... More


1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


Mass as a Medium

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newtonian mechanics is revisited in the light of Einsteinian relativity, and the repercussions shake physics to its core. Special relativity, by placing all inertial observers on the same footing, ... More


Holism and Structuralism in Classical and Quantum General Relativity

Mauro Dorato and Massimo Pauri

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that interpretative issues belonging to classical General Relativity (GR) might be preliminary to a deeper understanding of conceptual problems stemming from ongoing attempts at ... More


Newton's Methodology and the Practice of Science

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Distinctive features of Newton’s method: Successively more accurate approximations and increasing empirical support from measurements. Part II. The Mercury perihelion problem: A proposal to ... More


Introduction and overview

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Relativity means that physically it is impossible to detect absolute motion. This can be stated as a “symmetry in physics”. Special relativity (SR) is the symmetry with respect to coordinate ... More


The Annotated Manuscript

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section presents annotations of the manuscript of Albert Einstein's canonical 1916 paper on the general theory of relativity. It begins with a discussion of the foundation of the general theory ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


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