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First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea

Paul Woodruff

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304541
eISBN:
9780199850747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Americans have an unwavering faith in democracy and are ever eager to import it to nations around the world. But how democratic is our own “democracy”? If you can vote, if the majority rules, if you ... More


One Man’s Revolution: Robert Maynard Hutchins, 1929–1951

John W. Boyer

in The University of Chicago: A History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226242514
eISBN:
9780226242651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226242651.003.0005
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Perhaps the most controversial chapter in the book explores the career of Robert Maynard Hutchins, who next to Harper was Chicago’s most important President in the Twentieth Century. Hutchins is a ... More


Postsecular America: A New Context for Higher Education

Douglas Jacobsen and Rhonda Hustedt Jacobsen

in The American University in a Postsecular Age: Religion and the Academy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323443
eISBN:
9780199869145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323443.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

What is the current cultural context for American higher education? This essay defines the concepts of secularization, secularism, and the secular, and provides a brief history of their role in ... More


Gendered Consequences of Vocational Training

Margarita Estévez-Abe

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter delves into the gendered effects of different training and educational systems. It poses the following three questions. Are some specific types of vocational training and educational ... More


Black Hospitals and White Philanthropy

Vanessa Northington Gamble

in Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078893
eISBN:
9780199853762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Raising funds was one of the difficulties faced by hospital reformers in their aim to support black hospitals. Given the lack of financial capabilities of the patients and the increasing expense of ... More


The University of Chicago: A History

John W. Boyer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226242514
eISBN:
9780226242651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226242651.001.0001
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This book is a history of the University of Chicago, from its first founding in 1857 through its re-founding in 1890 till today. It presents the story of the emergence and growth of a complex ... More


Educational Policy Actors as Stakeholders in the Development of the Collective Skill System: The Case of Switzerland

Philipp Gonon and Markus Maurer

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The historical development of Switzerland’s collective skill formation system is strongly interrelated with the structure and overall trajectory of the country’s political economic system. From early ... More


Loaded Words

Marjorie Garber

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823242047
eISBN:
9780823242085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242047.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book explores language and argues that all words are inescapably loaded—that is, highly charged, explosive, substantial, intoxicating, fruitful, and overbrimming—and that such loading is what ... More


“The Thrill of This State-Building Work”

Joan Malczewski

in Building a New Educational State: Foundations, Schools, and the American South

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226394626
eISBN:
9780226394763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.003.0002
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapter One explores the emergence of three 20th Century foundations that promoted southern education reform, the General Education Board, the Rosenwald Fund, and the Negro Rural School Fund (Jeanes ... More


An Institutional History of the GED

Lois M. Quinn

in The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226100098
eISBN:
9780226100128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100128.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a history of the GED test from its inception in 1943 as a college placement exam for wounded World War II veterans and later as a requirement for GIs to meet before receiving ... More


The American Revolution in Education

Geoffrey Galt Harpham

in What Do You Think, Mr. Ramirez?: The American Revolution in Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226480787
eISBN:
9780226480954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226480954.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The American system of education, while vast, various, and decentralized, reflects commitments and principles long thought to be central to American national identity. The system that emerged with ... More


Democratic Minds for a Complex Society

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the debate over pedagogy that roiled education and policymaking circles in the 1930s and first half of the 1940s. Discussions were imbued with politics and with midcentury ... More


No Longer Invisible

Douglas Jacobsen and Rhonda Hustedt Jacobsen

in No Longer Invisible: Religion in University Education

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199844739
eISBN:
9780199950331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844739.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religion has become more visible on many college and university campuses, as illustrated by examples including Penn State, MIT, Harvard, and Boston College. The religion that has “returned” to ... More


American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century

Robert J. Thompson

in Beyond Reason and Tolerance: The Purpose and Practice of Higher Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199969784
eISBN:
9780199395538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969784.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In response to the callfor a reconsideration of the purposes of higher education, this chapter argues that responsiveness to societal needs is one source of guidance for formulating an institution’s ... More


Preparing to Engage Children in Musical Creating

Sandra L. Stauffer

in Composing our Future: Preparing Music Educators to Teach Composition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199832286
eISBN:
9780199979806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199832286.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies, Psychology of Music

This chapter examines the notion that teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning may constitute the most powerful tools that they bring to the classroom. The concept of effective pedagogy, defined ... More


Improving General Education Through the Arts

Charles Fowler

in Strong Arts, Strong Schools: The Promising Potential and Shortsighted Disregard of the Arts in American Schooling

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148336
eISBN:
9780199849154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148336.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

Discrete study of the various individual arts can enhance human perception and understanding uniquely and significantly. These dimensions qualify the arts to be an important part of general education ... More


A Measure of Success: The Influence of Curriculum-Based Measurement on Education

Christine A. Espin, Kristen L. McMaster, Susan Rose, and Miya Miura Wayman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679706
eISBN:
9781452947631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679706.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Simple in concept, far-reaching in implementation, Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) was developed in the 1980s as an efficient way to assess the progress of struggling students, including those ... More


What Do You Think, Mr. Ramirez?: The American Revolution in Education

Geoffrey Galt Harpham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226480787
eISBN:
9780226480954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226480954.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Is there an American philosophy of education? This book contends that there is, and that the system of general, universal, and liberal education that became national policy after WWII reflected a ... More


Joseph Schwab's Assault on Facile Teaching

Donald N. Levine

in Powers of the Mind: The Reinvention of Liberal Learning in America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475530
eISBN:
9780226475783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475783.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

This chapter focuses on Joseph Jackson Schwab and his contributions to the reconstruction of general education. Schwab became a prime mover behind Chicago's three-year sequence in the natural ... More


A Southern University and a Northern Progressive 1917–1920

Eric A. Moyen

in Frank L. McVey and the University of Kentucky: A Progressive President and the Modernization of a Southern University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129839
eISBN:
9780813135694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129839.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As Frank McVey hastily accepted the University of Kentucky presidency, some believe that this was because he needed to avoid tension brewing in North Dakota. Abraham Flexner, who served as the ... More


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