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Gene-Culture Coevolution

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evidence that our cultural activities have influenced our biological evolution, by drawing on a cocktail of theoretical and empirical findings. It begins by relating ... More


The Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The behavioral sciences include economics, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and political science, as well as biology insofar as it deals with animal and human behavior. These disciplines have ... More


Modeling Social Learning and Culture

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a variety of approaches to modeling social learning, cultural evolution, and gene-culture coevolution. The model-building exercise typically starts with a set of assumptions ... More


The Coevolution of Institutions and Behaviors

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines how group competition favored the coevolution of the distinctive institutions of the hunter-gatherer society along with a predisposition for altruistic behavior. It first ... More


Conclusion: Human Cooperation and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reviews the book's main findings about human cooperation, beginning with a discussion of its origins. It shows that humans became a cooperative species because the nature of our ... More


The Evolution of Altruism in Humans

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the evolution of altruism in humans. Following William Hamilton, it uses the term “helping” to describe behaviors that confer benefits on others and reserves the term ... More


Socialization

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines socialization and the process by which social norms become internalized, how this capacity for internalization could have evolved, and why the norms internalized tend to be ... More


Introduction

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book explores social learning concepts and methods as well as new developments in the field. These methods include: experimental and statistical methods that allow researchers to categorize ... More


Gene–Culture Coevolution and the Evolution of Social Institutions

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social institutions are the laws, informal rules, and conventions that give durable structure to social interactions within a population. Such institutions are typically not designed consciously, are ... More


The Dawn of Civilization

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the evolution of human civilization from nomadic hunter-gatherer societies to the advent of agriculture and its large-scale impacts on the world. It describes this history in ... More


Foundations of Cooperation

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reveals that there is strong evidence that the large-scale cooperation observed solely in human societies arises because of our uniquely potent capacities for social learning, imitation, ... More


Culture, Adaptation, and Innateness

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Culture has fundamentally changed the nature of human evolution because it creates a novel evolutionary tradeoff. Social learning allows human populations to rapidly evolve accumulate cultural ... More


Conclusions

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This concluding chapter summarizes the different social learning concepts and methods explored in the book, beginning with definitions of some key terms such as social learning, social transmission, ... More


Gene-culture interaction on human behavior and the brain

Shihui Han

in The Sociocultural Brain: A Cultural Neuroscience Approach to Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743194
eISBN:
9780191840210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743194.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 7 reviews empirical findings that allow consideration of biological and environmental influences on human behavior from an evolutionary perspective (e.g., gene-culture coevolution) and from a ... More


Niche Construction in Human Evolution and Demography

John Odling-Smee

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The theory of niche construction introduces two innovations. First it holds that the modification of natural selection pressures in environments by the niche-constructing activities of organisms is a ... More


Culture in Songbirds and Its Contribution to the Evolution of New Species

Darren E. Irwin

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

No discussion of culture would be complete without considering learned behaviors in non-human animals. This chapter gives a brief overview of cultural phenomena in a variety of vertebrates, focusing ... More


The Use and Non-Use of the Human Nature Concept by Evolutionary Biologists

Peter J. Richerson

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A number of prominent modern evolutionists embraced ‘human nature’, signalling their commitment to the Modern Synthesis. Their claim is that for most of our evolutionary history, culture was of ... More


The Consequence of Feedback II: Niche Construction and Culture

Gary Tomlinson

in Culture and the Course of Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226548494
eISBN:
9780226548661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226548661.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Organisms alter the environments in which they live; that is, they construct their niches, shifting the circumstances of their selection even as they are differentially selected. This fact in effect ... More


A Typology of Human Morality

Herbert Gintis

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter suggests a typology of human morality based on gene–culture coevolution, the rational actor model, and behavioral game theory. The basic principles are that human morality is the product ... More


The Social Construction of Human Nature

Kevin N. Laland and Gillian R. Brown

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is the job that the term ‘human nature’ is expected to do? Three notions are prevalent but are problematic: (1) Distinguishing what is biological from what is cultural/environmental. Here the ... More


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