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The New Genetics

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter turns to genetic intensification, which consists of developing crop and livestock crosses that contain genes capable of producing improved yields on a sustainable basis. These crosses ... More


Evolution, Genomics, and the New Genetic Technologies

Louise Wilkins Haug

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

“Genomics” encompasses gene variations, gene-gene interactions, control of DNA sequence activation and the expanding understanding of the process from gene to protein to individual. This critical ... More


“Good Parents” Can Promote Their Own and Their Children’s Flourishing

Josephine Johnston

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Advances in genetic technology, including new methods for gene editing, promise to provide parents and prospective parents with more information about and more control over the genetic make-up of ... More


Unraveling the Human Tapestry: Diversity, Flourishing, and Genetic Modification

Robert Sparrow

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If parents are choosing their children’s genes, there is a chance that they will all try to have healthy, long-lived, handsome, and intelligent children. While many have advertised a world of ... More


Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Erik Parens and Josephine Johnston (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The potential use of CRISPR-Cas9 and other new gene editing technologies to alter the DNA of human beings raises a host of questions. Some questions are about safety: Can these technologies be ... More


Whose Conception of Human Flourishing?

Dorothy Roberts

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The argument that having certain genetic traits and not having others (whether as an individual or as a species) increases well-being assumes an understanding of what it means for humans to live ... More


Editing the Best of All Possible Worlds

Michael Hauskeller

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It has been argued that we have a moral obligation to explore human germline modification in order to create the best possible children. In contrast, this chapter argues that in order to flourish as ... More


Choice, Chance, and Acceptance

Jackie Leach Scully

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Current genetic intervention against disease and disability relies on prenatal genetic testing and the option of termination or on the expensive and demanding process of preimplantation genetic ... More


Flourishing and the Value of Authenticity

Daniel M. Haybron

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the role of authenticity in well-being, focusing on issues raised by biotechnologies like gene editing. It is argued that there are good reasons to view authenticity as an ... More


The Dismal Fate of Flourishing in Public Policy Bioethics: A Sociological Explanation

John H. Evans

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The re-emerging debate about human gene editing appears to be limited to whether gene editing will effectively advance the ends, goals, or values of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and ... More


Taking Root: Transgenic Crops

Calestous Juma

in Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467036
eISBN:
9780190627164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, Political Economy

The transition toward sustainable agriculture that is good both for the environment and for human health remains one of the world’s most pressing challenges. Amid these concerns scientists added new ... More


Daoism, Flourishing, and Gene Editing

Richard Kim

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Given the potentially powerful effects of gene editing for human lives, it seems reasonable to reflect on the issue from a variety of scientific, moral, cultural, and religious perspectives to help ... More


Recovering Practical Wisdom as a Guide for Human Flourishing: Navigating the CRISPR Challenge

Celia Deane-Drummond

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that practical wisdom understood according to the classic Christian tradition of Thomas Aquinas can contribute to reflection on complex decision-making when considering new ... More


Do More Choices Lead to More Flourishing?

Sheena Iyengar and Tucker Kuman

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Innovations in gene editing technology promise to increase the number of choices involved in the creation of future persons. The provision of more choices is commonly perceived as a boon to the ... More


Strange Shadows/Marred Screens

Barbara Maria Stafford

in Ribbon of Darkness: Inferencing from the Shadowy Arts and Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630489
eISBN:
9780226630656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630656.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

William Kentridge’s virtuoso use of textured image supports in his dense macabre silhouettes doubly shocks: first, because thickness disturbs our conditioned expectations of lightness and, second, ... More


Reprogenetic Technologies Between Private Choice and Public Good

Maartje Schermer

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Much of the bioethical debate on reproductive and genetic technologies has focused on the potential risks and benefits for individuals. This chapter shifts the focus from the individualistic level ... More


Disruptive Technologies

David Segal

in Materials for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198804079
eISBN:
9780191842320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804079.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Chapter 9 describes potential disruptive technologies in the 21st century. It covers the expanding area of gene editing, also known as genome editing or CRISPR. It describes ‘wonder materials’ such ... More


Parental Responsibility and Gene Editing

Nicole A Vincent and Emma A. Jane

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Once genetic screening and intervention technologies become safe, effective, and inexpensive, should parents use them to safeguard their children’s happiness, and would parents who do not use them be ... More


Can We Care about Nature?

Gregory E. Kaebnick

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The debate about human enhancement turns partly on the view we take about the ideal human relationship to nature, but those views are hard to articulate and are frequently misunderstood. Often, those ... More


Procreation Confounded

Dov Fox

in Birth Rights and Wrongs: How Medicine and Technology are Remaking Reproduction and the Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190675721
eISBN:
9780190675752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675721.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Procreation is confounded when clinical professionals misdiagnose, misrepresent, or switch reproductive cells or entities. These errors lead patients to initiate, continue, or terminate pregnancies ... More


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