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The New Genetics

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter turns to genetic intensification, which consists of developing crop and livestock crosses that contain genes capable of producing improved yields on a sustainable basis. These crosses ... More


The CRISPR Era, the National Academies Report, and the Median Trait Barrier

John H. Evans

in The Human Gene Editing Debate

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197519561
eISBN:
9780197519592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519561.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter begins with the discovery of human gene editing, and how the immediate ethical response used the existing weakened barriers. The chapter then turns to a detailed analysis of how an ... More


Evolution, Genomics, and the New Genetic Technologies

Louise Wilkins Haug

in Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education: for maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814153
eISBN:
9780191851803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814153.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

“Genomics” encompasses gene variations, gene-gene interactions, control of DNA sequence activation and the expanding understanding of the process from gene to protein to individual. This critical ... More


Back to the Future: Genes, Disease, and Future Generations

Courtney S. Campbell

in Mormonism, Medicine, and Bioethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780197538524
eISBN:
9780197538555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197538524.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) practice of research on genealogy and family history has contributed to momentous advances in identifying, testing, and treating genetic-based ... More


“Good Parents” Can Promote Their Own and Their Children’s Flourishing

Josephine Johnston

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Advances in genetic technology, including new methods for gene editing, promise to provide parents and prospective parents with more information about and more control over the genetic make-up of ... More


The Human Gene Editing Debate

John H. Evans

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197519561
eISBN:
9780197519592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519561.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Scholars have been debating the ethics of what is now called human gene editing for more than 60 years. This innovative book examines the historical debate and finds that it is set up as a slippery ... More


Unraveling the Human Tapestry: Diversity, Flourishing, and Genetic Modification

Robert Sparrow

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If parents are choosing their children’s genes, there is a chance that they will all try to have healthy, long-lived, handsome, and intelligent children. While many have advertised a world of ... More


Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Erik Parens and Josephine Johnston (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The potential use of CRISPR-Cas9 and other new gene editing technologies to alter the DNA of human beings raises a host of questions. Some questions are about safety: Can these technologies be ... More


Whose Conception of Human Flourishing?

Dorothy Roberts

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The argument that having certain genetic traits and not having others (whether as an individual or as a species) increases well-being assumes an understanding of what it means for humans to live ... More


Editing the Best of All Possible Worlds

Michael Hauskeller

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It has been argued that we have a moral obligation to explore human germline modification in order to create the best possible children. In contrast, this chapter argues that in order to flourish as ... More


Introduction

John H. Evans

in The Human Gene Editing Debate

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197519561
eISBN:
9780197519592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519561.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter begins by describing the late 19th-century and early 20th-century eugenics debates from which the contemporary human gene editing debate emerged, and it then brings the debate forward to ... More


Choice, Chance, and Acceptance

Jackie Leach Scully

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Current genetic intervention against disease and disability relies on prenatal genetic testing and the option of termination or on the expensive and demanding process of preimplantation genetic ... More


Who Should Govern?

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 8 uses the GKAP surveys, expert surveys, and interviews to examine views about governance of genomics technologies. Experts collectively offer long lists of appropriate and inappropriate ... More


Flourishing and the Value of Authenticity

Daniel M. Haybron

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the role of authenticity in well-being, focusing on issues raised by biotechnologies like gene editing. It is argued that there are good reasons to view authenticity as an ... More


The Dismal Fate of Flourishing in Public Policy Bioethics: A Sociological Explanation

John H. Evans

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The re-emerging debate about human gene editing appears to be limited to whether gene editing will effectively advance the ends, goals, or values of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and ... More


Possible Barriers Further Down the Slope

John H. Evans

in The Human Gene Editing Debate

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197519561
eISBN:
9780197519592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519561.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines hypothetical barriers on the slope below where the somatic/germline and disease/enhancement walls once were. The first is the goals of medicine barrier, where any trait that the ... More


Taking Root: Transgenic Crops

Calestous Juma

in Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467036
eISBN:
9780190627164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, Political Economy

The transition toward sustainable agriculture that is good both for the environment and for human health remains one of the world’s most pressing challenges. Amid these concerns scientists added new ... More


Conclusion

John H. Evans

in The Human Gene Editing Debate

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197519561
eISBN:
9780197519592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519561.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The conclusion begins by summarizing the history of barriers on the slippery slope of the human gene editing debate. A number of more meta-issues that the overall analysis has raised are discussed. ... More


Myth-Historical CRISPR Edits: Modifying Futures by Controlling Pasts

José G. Perillán

in Science Between Myth and History: The Quest for Common Ground and Its Importance for Scientific Practice

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198864967
eISBN:
9780191897399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864967.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

History is not always written by the victors. Competing histories often become ssbattlegrounds for those who want to declare themselves victors. Emerging from the frontiers of molecular biology, ... More


Daoism, Flourishing, and Gene Editing

Richard Kim

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Given the potentially powerful effects of gene editing for human lives, it seems reasonable to reflect on the issue from a variety of scientific, moral, cultural, and religious perspectives to help ... More


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