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Descriptive Representation: Electing Women in Latin America

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do more women get elected to Latin American legislatures today than 30 years ago and why are more women elected in some countries than others? This chapter examines how formal representation ... More


Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Mona Lena Krook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In recent years, political parties and national legislatures in more than 100 countries have adopted quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office. Despite the rapid diffusion of ... More


Party Quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines campaigns for party quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Before quotas, both countries had relatively similar levels of female representation. In Sweden, advocates pressed ... More


Paradoxes in the Meaning of Quotas in Belgium

Petra Meier

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the extent to which party and legislative quotas in Belgium have altered the beliefs and actions of political elites. Capitalizing on the opportunity to design her own survey, ... More


Introduction to Gender Quotas

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces quotas as a global phenomenon. It begins by presenting an overview of the three main types of quota policies: reserved seats, party quotas, and legislative quotas. These are ... More


The Adoption of Gender Quotas

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses the adoption of gender quotas. It reviews four explanations for quota adoption: women's mobilization, elite strategies, normative consistency, and international norms and ... More


Conceptualizing the Impact of Gender Quotas

Susan Franceschet, Mona Lena Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter sets out the collective theory-building enterprise of the volume. The first section reviews quota policies around the world, as well as research on their introduction and numerical ... More


The Implementation of Gender Quotas

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the implementation of gender quotas. The literature offers three explanations for variations in their effects: details of the policies themselves, the institutional frameworks ... More


Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores campaigns for legislative quotas in Argentina and France. Before quotas, these countries had almost identical proportions of women in parliament. In Argentina, a quota law was ... More


Quotas for Women

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In recent decades, a significant number of political parties have taken steps to increase the representation of women in national assemblies, often by introducing gender quotas. The arguments for ... More


Conclusions and Directions for Future Research

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents an overview of the findings of the book. It reviews the framework developed for analyzing the adoption and implementation of gender quota policies, as well as the insights ... More


Themes and Implications for Future Research on Gender Quotas

Susan Franceschet, Mona Lena Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter revisits the empirical findings of the volume, seeking to discern common themes regarding each facet of representation. Susan Franceschet, Mona Lena Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo ... More


The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions: Political Engagement and Participation

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608607
eISBN:
9780191745799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In most countries around the world, women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations and activities. Understanding why this is the case and why some countries have been more ... More


Political Engagement and Democratic Legitimacy in Mexico

Pär Zetterberg

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores whether the legislative quota in Mexico has altered the attitudes and behaviors of ordinary citizens. Using mass survey data from the federal and state levels, Pär Zetterberg ... More


The Impact of Gender Quotas

Susan Franceschet, Mona Lena Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction of electoral gender quotas in more than 100 countries around the globe has led to a substantial increase in the number of women holding political office. To date, research on quotas ... More


Women’s Empowerment and Cultural Change in Rwanda

Jennie Burnet

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses trends among ordinary people, but suggests an alternative method for establishing causality between quotas and changes in citizens’ beliefs. Jennie Burnet’s fieldwork on ... More


Gender Quotas and the Gender Gap in France and Uruguay

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions: Political Engagement and Participation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608607
eISBN:
9780191745799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 6 focuses on two recent cases of gender quota adoption—France and Uruguay. Scholars have highlighted the symbolic roles that quotas can play in increasing a country’s democratic legitimacy or ... More


Quotas and Qualifications in Uganda

Diana Z. O’Brien

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter studies the personal and political characteristics of women elected to reserved seats in Uganda to assess whether quotas promote inexperienced and unqualified female party loyalists. ... More


Reserved Seats in Pakistan and India

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter compares campaigns for reserved seats in Pakistan and India. A shared colonial past included reserved seats for women in politics, as well as for a range of other groups based on race, ... More


Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina

Susan Franceschet and Jennifer M. Piscopo

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on legislators’ backgrounds, exploring whether legislative quotas in Argentina lead to the nomination of unrepresentative or unqualified female parliamentarians. Susan ... More


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