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Trends in Earnings Differentials by Gender

Andrea H. Beller and Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines trends in the gender wage gap. The first section uses data from the Current Population Surveys to analyze trends from the 1970s. The gender wage ratio significantly decreased ... More


Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata to analyze the gender pay gap in ten industrialized nations, this chapter focuses on the role of wage structure — the prices of labour market skills — in influencing the gender gap. ... More


Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata for twenty-two countries over the 1985–94 period, this chapter shows that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net supply are both associated with a lower gender pay ... More


Discrimination and Pay

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the existence of gender-pay gaps both within and between occupations, and within and between industries and workplaces. It then considers why this gap exists ... More


Conclusion

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter discusses ways to address the gender-pay gap. It outlines a three-pronged approach to respond to the gender-pay gap in particular and, more generally, to the problem of serious and ... More


New Labour policy and the gender pay gap

Grimshaw Damian

in Women and New Labour: Engendering politics and policy?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348289
eISBN:
9781447304302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348289.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter reports the empirical trends in women's relative pay. Against a backdrop of limited improvement in gender pay equality, it then explores the government's response along three dimensions: ... More


The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe

Noreen Burrows and Muriel Robison

in From Single Market to Economic Union: Essays in Memory of John A. Usher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695706
eISBN:
9780191741302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.003.0011
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter analyzes the ‘motherhood penalty’, which can be traced to developments in work patterns and in attitudes to working women. It studies the interpretation of the provisions about the level ... More


Women in the Labour Market

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers where women are situated within the labour market today and the levels at which the gender-pay gap is felt — i.e., not simply as an average figure for all men and all women, or ... More


Women's Employment and Household Income Inequality

Susan Harkness

in Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804778244
eISBN:
9780804786751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778244.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter assesses how rising female employment has influenced the overall growth in earnings inequality among couples in 17 high-income countries. It considers how female employment varies across ... More


Collective Bargaining and Equal Pay

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers the possible impact of a collective bargaining approach to the gender-pay gap, focusing on the Australian model. Australia is chosen because it combines a particularly high ... More


Equal Pay in the Office

Francine D. Blau

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter is concerned with the relationship of differences in the distribution of men and women office workers among firms to the male-female pay differential within narrowly defined occupational ... More


Minimum Wage Regulation

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

In order to consider the potential impact on the gender-pay gap of a minimum wage regulation approach, this chapter looks at the position in a number of European countries which operate some form of ... More


Gender Differences in Job Quality

Joanne Lindley

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

Since 1997 the UK conditional gender pay gap has fallen by around 7 per cent. This is largely due to a closing of the within-occupational gender pay gap, but is also partly due to occupational ... More


Gendering women’s labour:: status, esteem and inequality in paid and unpaid work

Suzanne Clisby and Julia Holdsworth

in Gendering women: Identity and mental wellbeing through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781847426772
eISBN:
9781447311645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426772.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explores women’s experiences of work and develops an understanding of the ways in which confidence and wellbeing are intimately involved in the expectations women have of work. Led by ... More


Gender Inequality in the Labour Market in the UK

Giovanni Razzu (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199686483
eISBN:
9780191766367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686483.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The book addresses one of the most topical and pressing areas of inequality experienced by women in the UK: inequality in the labour market. Despite the changed and changing position of women in ... More


The Challenge of Inequality of Opportunity: Class, Gender, and Ethnic Inequalities with Yaojun Li and Lindsay Richards

Anthony F. Heath, Elisabeth Garratt, Ridhi Kashyap, Yaojun Li, and Lindsay Richards

in Social Progress in Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198805489
eISBN:
9780191843556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805489.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Discrimination and inequality of opportunity run counter to British values, are inefficient and waste talent, and can be a potent source of grievance. Discrimination also has highly negative ... More


Women’s Ordination in America: A Contemporary Overview

Benjamin R. Knoll and and Cammie Jo Bolin

in She Preached the Word: Women's Ordination in Modern America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190882365
eISBN:
9780190882396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190882365.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a brief overview of both the historical and contemporary “lay of the land” of women’s ordination in American religious congregations. It shows how the extension of ordination to ... More


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