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Health Insurance Reform: Institutional Structure, Contingent Meanings

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The story of health insurance reform in the 104th brings to life many of the contested issues surrounding gender difference in impact. It illustrates the importance of going beyond quantitative ... More


The Gender Gap: Old Challenges, New Approaches

Pippa Norris

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews existing research about the gender gap in voting and partisanship, focusing on explanations that emphasize issue voting, socio‐economic differences, feminist mobilization, and ... More


Reproductive Rights: Redefining the Meaning of Critical Mass

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the 1994 elections gave control of Congress to a conservative, Christian Coalition-dominated, Republican majority, what some had over-optimistically touted as a critical mass of women became a ... More


Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Mariko Lin Chang

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women now receive more college degrees than men, and enter the workforce with better job opportunities than ever before. Indeed, the wage gap between men and women has never been smaller. So why does ... More


Women's Health: A Shelter in the Storm

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Women’s health did not suffer the same endless litany of political defeats as other policy areas in the Republican-controlled 104th. While the case studies of women’s health research funding, breast ... More


Gender, Risk, and Occupational Pensions

Kendra Strauss

in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199557431
eISBN:
9780191721687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557431.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

There is relatively little work that attempts to link up work on financialization with the body of research on gendered pension inequality. This is despite the fact that research on financial ... More


Trends in Earnings Differentials by Gender

Andrea H. Beller and Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines trends in the gender wage gap. The first section uses data from the Current Population Surveys to analyze trends from the 1970s. The gender wage ratio significantly decreased ... More


Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata to analyze the gender pay gap in ten industrialized nations, this chapter focuses on the role of wage structure — the prices of labour market skills — in influencing the gender gap. ... More


The Sources of the Gender Gap in Political Participation

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter talks about how American women, like their counterparts in other advanced economies, have narrowed or even reversed the gap in important resources that form the prerequisites of ... More


Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata for twenty-two countries over the 1985–94 period, this chapter shows that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net supply are both associated with a lower gender pay ... More


Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Francine D. Blau

Anne C. Gielen and Klaus F. Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This book contains extensive research on progress made by women in the labour market, and the characteristics and causes of remaining gender inequalities. It also covers other indicators of gender ... More


Gender Inequalities: Sidelined in British Pension Policy

Jay Ginn

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

According to the Pensions Commission in its first report, the state pension system in Britain is among the least generous in the developed world. This reflects the explicit aim of both Conservative ... More


An Ecofeminist Approach to the True Wealth Project

Maylin Biggadike

in The True Wealth of Nations: Catholic Social Thought and Economic Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199739813
eISBN:
9780199866120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739813.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter takes up the perspective of poor women in two-thirds of the world, out of the conviction that we will not understand prosperity without addressing the ethics and economics of poverty. ... More


Public Solutions: Why Equal Pay and Family-Friendly Policies Aren’t Enough and What Should Be Done Instead

Mariko Lin Chang

in Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explains why equal pay and family-friendly policies cannot close the gender wealth gap. Instead, it argues the need for new policies that address the two primary causes of the gender ... More


Gender, Perceptions of Opportunity, and Investment in Schooling

Angel L. Harris

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the gap between young men and young women in educational attainment. In several countries, young women are more engaged in their education and are completing credentials at ... More


Addressing Primary and Secondary Education for Socially Excluded Girls 1

Marlaine Lockheed and Maureen Lewis

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The largest challenge remaining to achieve universal primary and secondary education is that of socially excluded girls. Raising the availability and quality of schools for all socially disadvantaged ... More


Discrimination and Pay

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the existence of gender-pay gaps both within and between occupations, and within and between industries and workplaces. It then considers why this gap exists ... More


Electoral Reform and the Gender Gap in New Zealand and Russia

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions: Political Engagement and Participation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608607
eISBN:
9780191745799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 5 focuses on two countries that underwent electoral reforms from less proportional to more proportional rules—New Zealand and Russia. Drawing on the New Zealand Election Studies, the chapter ... More


Cultural Integration in the United Kingdom

Andreas Georgiadis and Alan Manning

in Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660094
eISBN:
9780191748936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660094.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter compares a relatively wide range of outcomes for the main ethnic minorities in the UK with the outcomes for white natives. The chapter also compares the outcomes for the foreign and UK ... More


Improving Boys’ Achievement in Early Childhood and Primary Education

Merle Froschl and Barbara Sprung

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In many countries around the world, boys are not faring as well as girls academically. The lack of success that young boys are experiencing is a gender equity issue, and calls for the intentional ... More


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