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The Impact of Women in Congress

Debra L. Dodson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book explores the complex relationship between women’s presence and impact in two strikingly different, consecutive congresses. Drawing on hundreds of elite interviews and archival information, ... More


Results of Quantitative Measures

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the statistically significant results obtained through the use of the Mann-Whitney nonparametric test. Of the forty-six statistically significant differences, ten refer to ... More


Gender Differences in Employment Commitment among Unemployed Youth

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the gender and cross-national differences in employment commitment among unemployed youth. Employment commitment is higher among young unemployed women than young unemployed ... More


When Women Speak, Groups Listen—Sometimes: How and When Women’s Voice Shapes the Group’s Generosity

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explores how the conditions of deliberation affect the definition of justice adopted by both individuals and groups, and how these concepts of justice influence their concrete policy ... More


 Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Sex and gender differences in women’s health care are delineated. Models of the physician-patient relationship and casuistic and principlist methods of moral reasoning are critiqued on grounds of ... More


Intergenerational Mobility in Poland: 1972–88–94

Bogdan W. Mach

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Detailed 1972–1988–1994 comparisons of intergenerational mobility in Poland reveal significant gender differences. Instances of upward movement increase over time among women, but remain stable among ... More


Gender, Trauma, and Distress

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses exposure to potentially traumatic events and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), limitations of current knowledge and future research directions, and the ... More


 Virtue and Gender Justice in Health Care

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

After recapitulating the egalitarian perspective of the book, this chapter explains how this is necessarily directed toward an ideal of justice. The ideal is best approximated through an ethic of ... More


Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

Charlotte Lyn Bright, James Herbert Williams, and Granger Petersen

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

It has been posited that the juvenile justice system was designed around the needs of boys, who traditionally have constituted the majority juvenile court-involved population. As girls have become a ... More


Marriage, Gender, and Social Capital 1

Gina Lai

in Social Capital: An International Research Program

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234387
eISBN:
9780191740619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234387.003.0150
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the networks and gender differences that exist in marriages. It first identifies the factors that can possibly affect network integration among married individuals. It then ... More


Explaining Cultural and Sex Differences in Responses to Supportive Communication: A Dual-Process Approach

Brant R. Burleson and Lisa K. Hanasono

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Men and women, as well as members of different cultural groups, respond somewhat differently to the social and emotional support they receive. In particular, women discriminate somewhat more finely ... More


Who Has What?

Mariko Lin Chang

in Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter presents important facts about the women's wealth gap. The median wealth owned by nonmarried women is only 36% of the median wealth owned by nonmarried men, but the wealth gap varies in ... More


Modals and Modality

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the use of modal auxiliaries. There are few social class differences, but some age and gender differences. Females are responsible for the majority of epistemic uses of modals. ... More


The Internet, Social Capital, Civic Engagement, and Gender in Japan

Kakuko Miyata, Ken’ichi Ikeda, and Tetsuro Kobayashi

in Social Capital: An International Research Program

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234387
eISBN:
9780191740619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234387.003.0092
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter studies the central argument of Robert Putnam that applies to civic engagement in Japan. The discussion also includes two important factors that have previously been neglected, namely ... More


Gender Inequities in Health Research: An Australian Perspective

Belinda Bennett, Isabel Karpin, Angela Ballantyne, and Wendy Rogers

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso:acprof/9780199545520.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter presents the current challenges facing legislators, regulators, researchers, and ethics committees in determining how and when to include women appropriately in research, and ensure that ... More


Engendering the Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. Gonadal hormone influences on human brain development and human behavior, and the implications of hormonal influences ... More


Gender

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for an acknowledgment of (and a resolve to understand better the central place of) gender in psychiatric practice, emphasizing that gender differences are partly marked and ... More


Males, Females, and Households

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines gender differences in satisfactions, based on surveys of British and German household panels. It is shown that answers to subjective questions by partners living in the same ... More


Conclusions from the Study of Gender Differences in Cognition

John T. E. Richardson

in Gender Differences in Human Cognition

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195112917
eISBN:
9780199846900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112917.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the kinds of analytic techniques that have led to conclusions concerning differences in the cognitive performance of men and women. It begins with a description of the ... More


Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This book offers a critical appraisal of research and theory focused on violence in youth, families, and communities. Chapters examine the ways in which violence is defined and ... More


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