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Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Clive Emsley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The history of police and policing have been the subject of much interest and research in recent years, but this book provides the first serious academic exploration ... More


Abroad and Home (1937–1968)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Colonialism's day and the present day are not the same. If a civilian hit a gendarme nowadays, they'd beat the life out of someone. There'd be no chance to tell the truth. The reason some were in ... More


The Necessary Gendarme

John Lynch

in Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198211358
eISBN:
9780191678189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In the post-colonial societies of Spanish America, caudillos fulfilled a vital function on behalf of republican elites as guardians of order and guarantors of the existing social structure. The war ... More


‘For the Greater Happiness of the State’: Gendarmes beyond the Empire

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the creation of the Gendarmerie by Maximilian Joseph. Joseph announced a centralized system of government including the ... More


‘The Man Praising Order’

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the gendarmeries and some of the broader changes in rural Europe during the 19th century. It offers some comparative ... More


Introduction

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to study the development and origin of soldier-policemen who have been ignored in the ... More


‘One of the Most Sure Guarantees of Order’: The Gendarmerie and the Restoration

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the Gendarmerie's role in achieving Restoration in Europe. Restoration was a role which the gendarme acquired almost by ... More


‘A Sacrifice to Rancour…Popular Prejudices and…Jealousy’: Gendarmes and the July Monarchy

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the Gendarmerie was on the lookout for political disaffection throughout the July Monarchy. There was a little ... More


Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Mirco Göpfert

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This book explores what it means to be a gendarme investigating cases, writing reports, and settling disputes in rural Niger. At the same time, the book looks at the larger bureaucracy and the ... More


A History of the Gendarmerie in Niger

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the history of the Nigerien gendarmerie. The gendarmes and their colonial predecessors—the tirailleurs, méharistes, gardes de cercle, and colonial gendarmes—have always worked in ... More


The Plunder

Daniel Unowsky

in The Plunder: The 1898 Anti-Jewish Riots in Habsburg Galicia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780804799829
eISBN:
9781503606104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804799829.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces the course of the 1898 events from the relatively isolated violence in the salt mining town of Wieliczka and the surrounding area in mid-March to the first major urban anti-Jewish ... More


Conclusion: Towards a ‘Tolerable State of Order’?

in The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policy: Lessons learned, lessons lost

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719087509
eISBN:
9781781704882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087509.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This concluding chapter, teases out the lessons learned and lessons lost from these Cold War programs, and relates these to current policies in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere. Described are Nixon's ... More


A Handful of Gendarmes, Two Worlds, and the Frontier Between

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides a background of the gendarmerie brigade in Godiya, one of Niger's almost sixty so-called brigades territoriales, the gendarmerie's street-level units tasked primarily with ... More


A Story of a Murder, No Traces, and Nothing to Report

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter details how the gendarmes in Godiya dealt with a criminal case that they had never seen before. The case was about an investigation into the murder of two little girls in Tsaga. On their ... More


The Ear: Listening to Noise, Hearing Cases

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the gendarmes' sense of hearing. Usually, the gendarmes' work began with what they heard people say, how these people told them what they had to say, how the gendarmes listened ... More


The Eye: Surveillance and the Problem of “Seeing Things”

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how the gendarmes' eye tries to constantly reach out into the unknown, and this reaching out ideally leads to the production of knowledge, facts, and truth. The gendarmes' eye, ... More


The Pen: Report Writing and Bureaucratic Aesthetics

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains that when the gendarmes had established the facts, they produced a new story—the bureaucratic narrative of the case file. These reports tell the “true story” and make the ... More


Drama Work

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter illustrates how the result of the gendarmes' work was often not a bureaucratic report but an informal arrangement, mostly between the disputing parties. This was, indeed, the more ... More


Repair Work

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses how the gendarmes consider the criminal law as profoundly unjust. The Nigerien penal code (Code Pénal) and code of criminal procedure (Code de Procédure Pénale) both originate ... More


Tragic Work

Mirco Göpfert

in Policing the Frontier: An Ethnography of Two Worlds in Niger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747212
eISBN:
9781501747236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747212.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the narrative of the frontier, of the gendarmes' being caught between les textes and le social, between bureaucratic form and lived life—in a lack of resolution. There is ... More


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