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Reputation and Community: The Centrality of Moral Judgment

Lawrence McNamara

in Reputation and Defamation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199231454
eISBN:
9780191710858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231454.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Without a clear sense of what reputation is, it will be difficult to make a judgment about the manner and extent of its protection under the law. To that end, this chapter commences the inquiry with ... More


Tribes and Detribalization: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

John W. Griffith

in Joseph Conrad and the Anthropological Dilemma: ‘Bewildered Traveller’

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183006
eISBN:
9780191673931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183006.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter explores concepts of tribe and detribalization. In the 19th century, the word ‘community’ in its German form — Gemeinschaft — began to take a peculiar anthropological meaning. This term ... More


Communitarian IR Theory: “The Common Socius of Us All”

Daniel J. Levine

in Recovering International Relations: The Promise of Sustainable Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199916061
eISBN:
9780199980246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916061.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Chapter 4 and 5, the case study format developed for realism is extended to two variants within what is broadly considered “liberal” IR. Chapter 4 explores liberal IR written from a ... More


Individualist IR Theory: Disharmonious Cooperation

Daniel J. Levine

in Recovering International Relations: The Promise of Sustainable Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199916061
eISBN:
9780199980246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916061.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Mirroring the case study format developed in the previous two chapters, discussion is extended to “individualist” liberal IR theory: the work of Ernst Haas, Keohane and Nye, and Katzenstein and Sil.


Estranei alla massa: the New Neapolitan Cinema and the Crisis of Napoletanità

Alex Marlow-Mann

in New Neapolitan Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640669
eISBN:
9780748651214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640669.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Estranei alla massa (literally ‘outside the crowd’ or ‘beyond the masses’) is the title of an interesting documentary directed by Vincenzo Marra in 2001, which depicts the everyday lives of seven ... More


Village

Kai Erikson

in The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter focuses on one location where people have spent their lives —the village—paying particular attention to the ways of life that have emerged there. What we have been calling “the village ... More


Groups, Teams, Networks, Trust, and Social Capital

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The five phenomena identified in the chapter title—groups, teams, networks, trust, and social capital—are treated as different but interrelated manifestations of the informal side of organizational ... More


Locating the Short Story Cycle

Jennifer J. Smith

in The American Short Story Cycle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474423939
eISBN:
9781474444941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423939.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter corrects the long-held assumption that the form began with modernist blockbusters and instead suggests that modernist writers revised a vibrant regionalist tradition to their own uses. ... More


‘Belief shifts’: Ireland’s referendum and the journey from Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft

Eugene O’Brien

in Tracing the Cultural Legacy of Irish Catholicism: From Galway to Cloyne and Beyond

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101068
eISBN:
9781526124197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101068.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the implications for Irish Catholicism that the ‘Yes’ vote in the May 2015 referendum on same-sex marriage may have for the social and cultural position of the Catholic church ... More


Golden Ages and welfare alchemists

Robert Pinker

in Social Policy and Welfare Pluralism: Selected Writings of Robert Pinker

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447323556
eISBN:
9781447323570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323556.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In this chapter, Robert Pinker discusses the idea of ‘Golden Age’ theories in social policy thought and what he calls ‘welfare alchemists’ whose visions these theories encapsulate. According to ... More


Social Change and Human Development: An Autobiographical Journey

Patricia M. Greenfield

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume Two

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199840694
eISBN:
9780199932726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840694.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews research on social change and human development that has culminated in the author’s Theory of Social Change and Human Development. At the heart of the theory is the notion that ... More


Contradictions in the Christmas Mood

Joe Perry

in Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833643
eISBN:
9781469604947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899410_perry.6
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter suggests that the holiday opened space for the construction and enactment of social and political difference, and notes that in the late nineteenth century, German Jews, Social ... More


Gestural (In)visibility in Béla Balázs and Helmuth Plessner

Lucia Ruprecht

in Gestural Imaginaries: Dance and Cultural Theory in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190659370
eISBN:
9780190659417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190659370.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter juxtaposes the film criticism of Béla Balázs with the philosophical anthropology of Helmuth Plessner in order to carve out their approaches to gesture. It gives particular attention to ... More


Immunity

Gervase Rosser

in The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages: Guilds in England 1250-1550

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198201571
eISBN:
9780191779022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201571.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The medieval guilds—not merely craft-based organizations, but fraternities of all kinds—are introduced in the context of the perennial question of the grounds of possibility of human society. To ... More


The Legal History of the Dual State

Ernst Fraenkel

in The Dual State: A Contribution to the Theory of Dictatorship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198716204
eISBN:
9780191784378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716204.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Comparative Law

This chapter aims to take an objective view of the appeal of National-Socialism. However, it is argued, people who had an ambivalent attitude toward National-Socialism suffered from two principal ... More


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