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 International Experience with Competing Approaches to Environmental Policy: Results from Six Paired Cases

Winston Harrington and Richard D. Morgenstern

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents the results of an international effort to compare the actual outcomes of pollution control policies using economic incentive (EI) instruments with those using direct regulation or ... More


 The Market‐Based Lead Phasedown

Richard G. Newell and Kristian Rogers

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay uses the case study of the phasedown of lead gasoline in the United States to argue that market-based instruments can be effective in meeting environmental objectives at a lower cost than ... More


Internal Combustion Engines

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Invention and commercialization of automotive internal combustion engines was a multistranded process that began during the 1880s in Germany with design by Benz, Daimler and Maybach, and then ... More


Retrospective Estimation of Causal Effects Through Time *

Halbert White and Pauline Kennedy

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides methods for estimating a variety of retrospective measures of causal effects in systems of dynamic structural equations. These equations need not be linear or separable. ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital

Matthew T. Huber

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677849
eISBN:
9781452947402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677849.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

If our oil addiction is so bad for us, why don’t we kick the habit? Looking beyond the usual culprits—Big Oil, petro states, and the strategists of empire—this book finds a deeper and more complex ... More


“Transportation by Taxation”

Paul Sabin

in Crude Politics: The California Oil Market, 1900-1940

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241985
eISBN:
9780520931145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241985.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter concentrates on transportation finance. The enormous energy demands of the motor vehicle revolution prompts the central question of this chapter: Why did highways replace mass transit so ... More


The Modern Age Begins

William D. Wilkinson

in American Coastal Rescue Craft: A Design History of Coastal Rescue Craft Used by the USLSS and Uscg

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033341
eISBN:
9780813039022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033341.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

By the end of the nineteenth century, the introduction of internal combustion gasoline engines improved land transportation, particularly in terms of durability, power capacity, efficiency, and ... More


Breaking the Energy Logjam

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123493
eISBN:
9780813134956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123493.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the U.S. Congress' drafting of as energy legislation in June 1975. The bill was developed after former President Gerald Ford's angry television performances and actions ... More


Pain at the Pump: Gas Prices, Life, and Death under Neoliberalism

Matthew T. Huber

in Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677849
eISBN:
9781452947402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677849.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

One particular interpretation concerning the outrage over high gasoline prices is a prevalent cultural sense of entitlement to wasteful energy consumption patterns. This chapter demonstrates how the ... More


The Longest-Running Comics: With an Unexpected Winner

Robert C. Harvey

in Insider Histories of Cartooning: Rediscovering Forgotten Famous Comics and Their Creators

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781628461428
eISBN:
9781626740778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461428.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter examines the longevity of comic strips. The oldest known American comic strip that is still being published, and not in reruns, is the The Katzenjammer Kids, which started on December ... More


The Commodification of Streets

Peter D. Norton

in Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262141000
eISBN:
9780262280754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141000.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the decline of the use of the public utility model for traffic with respect to the “floor space” problem. Street railways added to discontent over traffic problems. By the time ... More


Breathing Air

Robert Gottlieb and Simon Ng

in Global Cities: Urban Environments in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035910
eISBN:
9780262338868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035910.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter analyzes the history and current state of air pollution in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China. It describes the health and environmental impacts from various pollution sources, and ... More


The Evolution of Renewable Energy Policy in OECD Countries: Aggregate Indicators and Determinants

Francesco Nicolli and Francesco Vona

in Political Economy and Instruments of Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029247
eISBN:
9780262329736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029247.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This paper analyzes empirical economic and political determinants of gasoline and diesel pricing for about 200 countries over the period 1991-2010. A range of political and economic variables are ... More


Gambling with the Future

Peter Dauvergne

in Environmentalism of the Rich

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034951
eISBN:
9780262336222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034951.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter brings to light the risks – and at times grave costs – for human health and ecosystems of companies introducing new technologies and products to compete for profits and markets. New ... More


Invisible Lead

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lead is the chemical with the best documentation of health hazards. However, lead poisoning was first thought of as a potentially life-threatening disease, which, in survivors, left no trace at all. ... More


Black Markets and War Booty

Robert L. Fuller

in The Struggle for Cooperation: Liberated France and the American Military, 1944--1946

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176628
eISBN:
9780813176659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176628.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

Deciding who was entitled to keep materials captured from the Germans proved to be a sore issue between the French and the Americans that was not resolved until the Americans’ departure rendered the ... More


The Two Fires of ANCAP

Daniel Renfrew

in Life without Lead: Contamination, Crisis, and Hope in Uruguay

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520295469
eISBN:
9780520968240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295469.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines debates surrounding lead contamination and the Uruguayan state petroleum enterprise ANCAP. Through ANCAP, the politics of contamination (political ecology) became embroiled with ... More


Essential Driving and Vital Cars American Automobile Culture in World War II

Sarah Frohardt-Lane

in Oil Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816689682
eISBN:
9781452949314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689682.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter examines automobile culture in the United States during World War II, with particular emphasis on the Office of War Information’s propaganda that implored Americans to alter their ... More


Transportation: Fuel Energies

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Transportation efficiency can be measured in terms of the energy needed to move a person or a tonne of freight over a given distance. For passengers, journey time is important, so an equally useful ... More


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