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Delousing and the Holocaust

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0041
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhus became virtually extinct in Germany before World War II, but during the war it rocketed to levels at least as high as during the World War I. It is hard to know whether the initially low rates ... More


“Like Watering Flowers”

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1929, Nevada prison officials tore down the original death house and built a more elaborate structure using convict labor. In response to the safety concerns posed by the first lethal gassing, the ... More


Introduction

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book traces the dreadful history of the gas chamber, providing both a step-by-step account of its operations and an analysis of the factors that contributed to its rise and fall. It recounts ... More


“Cruel and Unusual Punishment”?

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the late 1970s, public opinion in the United States was swinging ever more strongly in favor of the death penalty. Although the public's appetite for gas chambers had diminished, eleven ... More


Abraham and Shlomo Dragon: “Together—in Despair and in Hope”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Shlomo Dragon and his brother, Abraham, who were among the Sonderkommando prisoners forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers ... More


The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Scott Christianson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book takes us to the dark side of human history in the first full chronicle of the gas chamber in the United States. First constructed in Nevada in 1924, the gas chamber, a method of killing ... More


The Last Gasp

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The last gasp of the American gas chamber came in 1999 in Florence, Arizona. Ironically, and fittingly some might think, the case involved the United States and Germany. Two brothers, Walter and Karl ... More


Adapted for Genocide

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As Adolf Hitler prepared his plans for world conquest, Germany initiated a major program to develop all kinds of lethal gases. As Hitler invaded Poland, he used the press of war to secretly authorize ... More


Clouds of Abolition

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The traumas of World War II had sensitized many nations to the need for international standards of human rights and the treatment of prisoners. Millions of prisoners of war and civilians had died or ... More


Josef Sackar: “To Survive, so the Truth Would Come Out”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Josef Sackar, one of the surviving members of the Sonderkommando, who were forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers in the ... More


Fashioning a Frightful Weapon of War

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Great War that began in August 1914 ushered in deadly new weapons, including modern artillery, tanks, airplanes, and machine guns. The terror of modern chemical warfare was unleashed on the world ... More


The Sonderkommando in Auschwitz-Birkenau: Portrait and Self-Image

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book tells the tragedy of the Sonderkommando, work units of prisoners, composed almost entirely of Jews, who were forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of masses of Jews killed in gas ... More


Staging the World’s First Gas Execution

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Five months after the enactment of Nevada's Humane Execution Law, prosecutors identified a crime with all the makings of a ready-made test case. It occurred on the evening of August 21, 1921 in Mina, ... More


Envisioning the Lethal Chamber

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The history of the gas chamber is a story of the twentieth century. But an earlier event that would subsequently figure into its evolution occurred one day in 1846, when a French physiologist, Claude ... More


Eliezer Eisenschmidt: “Thanks to One Polish Family …”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Eliezer Eisenschmidt, one of the Sonderkommando prisoners forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers in the Auschwitz-Birkenau ... More


Shaul Chazan: “Life Didn't Matter Anymore, Death Was Too Close”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Shaul Chazan, one of the Sonderkommando prisoners forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers in the Auschwitz-Birkenau ... More


The Battle over Capital Punishment

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the early 1960s, American capital punishment was being attacked on several fronts. Some churches and other religious organizations voiced their opposition, while numerous Western nations continued ... More


Leon Cohen: “We Were Dehumanized, We Were Robots”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Leon Cohen, one of the Sonderkommando prisoners forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers in the Auschwitz-Birkenau ... More


A Tale of Two Cities of Death: Treblinka and Oświęcim

Maurizio Cinquegrani

in Journey to Poland: Documentary Landscapes of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474403573
eISBN:
9781474453592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403573.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on two death camps, Treblinka and Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and on documentaries filmed on these locations. Differences between the two places, with the disappearance of Treblinka ... More


Ya'akov Gabai: “I'll Get Out of Here!”

Gideon Greif

in We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106510
eISBN:
9780300131987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106510.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an interview with Ya'akov Gabai, one of the Sonderkommando prisoners forced by the Nazis to aid with the disposal of Jews killed in gas chambers in the Auschwitz-Birkenau ... More


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