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Validating Flow-Through Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes methods for validating the measurements made using flow-through respirometry. These methods include the injection of nitrogen at a known flow rate into a respirometry system; ... More


Facts on GHG Emissions and the Change in Average Global Surface Temperature

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes scientific knowledge concerning greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the change in global average surface temperature. It considers the climate system of the Earth is in terms of ... More


Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Armando Francesco Borghesani

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In liquid helium, an electron is surrounded by a cavity called an electron bubble of 20 Ångstroms in diameter. A positive helium ion is solvated by an electrostriction induced solid helium-ice shell ... More


Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the noble gases

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the structures of a handful of derivatives of hypervalent noble gases: KF2, XeF2, XeF4, XeF6, and XeO4. Two derivatives of the xenon cation. Xe+ is isoelectronic with the ... More


Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Energy Conversions:: Growth and Innovation

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Our civilization is based on massive consumption of fossil fuels. This chapter begins by examining technical advances of energy industries, before turning to energy transitions and the process of ... More


Materials:: Old Techniques and New Solutions

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Steel — made from iron in basic oxygen furnaces and electric arc furnaces, and turned into semifinished products by continuous casting — remained the dominant material of the 20th century. Completely ... More


Rationalized Production:: Mechanization, Automation, Robotization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal ... More


The Politics of Climate Change Mitigation

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins with a short history of climate change as a policy issue, explaining the scientific basics of the phenomenon and culminating with an examination of current controversies over the ... More


Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Richard F. Casten

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This textbook on nuclear structure takes a unique and complementary approach compared to existing texts on the topic. Avoiding complicated calculations and complex mathematical formalism, it explains ... More


Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Lawrence Challis (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of electrons and holes confined to two, one, and even zero dimensions has uncovered a rich variety of new physics and applications. This book describes the interaction between these ... More


Relativistic gases

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter repeats the derivation of the partition function for a gas, and hence of the other thermodynamic properties that can be obtained from it, but this time includes relativistic effects. It ... More


Shock waves

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0032
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Shock waves occur when a disturbance is propagating through a medium faster than the sound speed of the medium. This chapter considers the nature of shocks in gases and the thermodynamic properties ... More


Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics — a theory which has mainly evolved over the last decade. The book ... More


Durable and Fragile Cage Bars

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0065
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter gives an overview on the introduction of a term, gas. Van Helmont, a Paracelsus' student, not only coined the term but clearly defined it. He conducted experiments to find out more about ... More


THE EULER EQUATIONS FOR REAL FLUIDS

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses models for inviscid compressible fluids. It recalls the Euler equations for the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy; the equation of state, the entropy, and the ... More


Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

Innovation is often associated with high-technology industries, such as information and communication technologies, scientific research in large-scale facilities in firms or universities, and ... More


Accretion onto a Black Hole

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the ways that accretion onto a black hole produces energy and radiation. As material falls into a gravitational potential well, energy is transformed from gravitational ... More


Drilling Our Soul: Moral Boundary Work in an Unlikely Old-West Fight against Fracking

Justin Farrell

in The Battle for Yellowstone: Morality and the Sacred Roots of Environmental Conflict

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164342
eISBN:
9781400866496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164342.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter investigates an “outlier” case of environmental conflict, where things did not follow the same social patterns observed elsewhere in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE). The case ... More


Whose Hubris? Brandeis, Scientific Management, and the Railroads

Gerald Berk

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter reinterprets Louis Brandeis's role in the crisis of progressive era railroad regulation. While others have implicated Brandeis in the crisis, the essay shows how he identified fatal ... More


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