Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-19 of 19 items

  • Keywords: gamma ray x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Introduction

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter presents the background story on the discovery and research on gamma-ray bursts (GRB). In 1963, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed to ... More


Afterglows

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the search for afterglows of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In 1996, Peter Mészáros (Pennsylvania State University) and Martin J. Rees (Cambridge University) began developing a ... More


Into the Belly of the Beast

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the definition, emission, and central engine of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Before the afterglow era, GRBs were essentially defined by observations of their high-energy emission. ... More


What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Joshua S. Bloom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the Cold War, these evanescent high-energy explosions ... More


Gamma-Ray Bursts as Probes of the Universe

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on how gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are emerging as unique tools in the study of broad areas of astronomy and physics by virtue of their special properties. The unassailable fact ... More


The Progenitors of Gamma-Ray Bursts

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the object or objects responsible for gramma-ray bursts (GRBs). Until now, there are few absolute certainties with regard to the progenitors of GRBs. One clear standout is the ... More


Compton scattering instrumentation for laboratory-based photon sources

S. Manninen

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the gamma-ray spectrometers in common use before the regular application of synchrotron sources, which was discussed in Chapter 3, and the focussing spectrometers that have ... More


The Events in Context

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Prompt and afterglow emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are largely driven by the central engine behavior, the explosion properties, and the physics of relativistic shocks. Those seconds, minutes, ... More


Principles of radiotherapy

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of radiotherapy. Radiotherapy is the method of treatment using ionizing radiation. Normally, radiation is in the form of X-rays or gamma rays which, when directed ... More


Anatomy of a merger

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the different stages of an inspiralling neutron star binary system, through the formation of a black hole and the possible emergence of a gamma-ray burst. Tidal effects and the ... More


Pan Galactic Gargle Blaster

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The sources of short gamma ray bursts (GRBs) have been identified with neutron star merger events. Hulse and Taylor discovered the first binary neutron star in 1974. By monitoring the pulsar in this ... More


X-Ray

Timothy Morton

in Prismatic Ecology: Ecotheory beyond Green

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679973
eISBN:
9781452948737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679973.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers a way of imagining ecology without nature by thinking about how humans see only a certain bandwidth of light. X-rays, also known as gamma rays, are perhaps the ultimate example ... More


Cosmic Spacequakes

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The fourth gravitational wave signal detected by LIGO GW170817 coincided with a short gamma ray burst and these signals have been interpreted as the result of a binary neutron star merger. It is ... More


LIGO/Virgo Listens to Neutron Stars

John W. Moffat

in The Shadow of the Black Hole

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190650728
eISBN:
9780197517383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650728.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

On August 8, 2017, LIGO/Virgo detected the merging of two neutron stars 130 million light years away. Just 1.7 seconds later, the Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope received an optical signal—a short ... More


Further developments

Rodolfo Gambini and Jorge Pullin

in A First Course in Loop Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199590759
eISBN:
9780191774980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590759.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses several topics in which loop quantum gravity techniques have been applied. These include black hole entropy in the context of black hole thermodynamics and how loop quantum ... More


Nuclear Power Generation

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The primary advantage of nuclear power is that a lot of energy can be generated from very little material—that too with no ongoing CO2 production. The disadvantage is the problem of dealing with ... More


Introduction: Seventy Years of Calorimetry

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The history of calorimetry is described, starting with the small scintillating crystals that were used as nuclear gamma ray detectors, to the multi-ton instruments that form the heart of modern ... More


Sedimentological Archives in Lake Deposits

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Lake sediments are both repositories and sources of information about lake history. Depositional products tell us about the mechanisms of transport or accumulation of important geochemical and ... More


Photochemistry and Excited-State Reactions of Oxides

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The applied voltages that drive electrochemical processes (see Chapter 11) are only one of many energy sources that can be used to activate reactions in ... More


View: