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What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Charles D. Bailyn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Emitting no radiation or any other kind of information, black holes mark the edge of the universe—both physically and in our scientific understanding. Yet astronomers have found clear evidence for ... More


The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

P. J. E. Peebles

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

An instant landmark on its publication, this book remains the essential introduction to this vital area of research. Written by one of the world's most esteemed theoretical cosmologists, it provides ... More


Gamma-Ray Bursts as Probes of the Universe

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on how gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are emerging as unique tools in the study of broad areas of astronomy and physics by virtue of their special properties. The unassailable fact ... More


Dynamics and Statistics

P. J. E. Peebles

in The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter studies how the n-point correlation functions have proved useful not only as descriptive statistics but also as dynamic variables in the Newtonian theory of the evolution of clustering. ... More


HARLOW SHAPLEY: DEFINING OUR GALAXY

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by providing a brief description of Harlow Shapley's biography and early life. It then discusses Harlow's life as a student of the University of Missouri and Princeton. It ... More


The First Galaxies in the Universe

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book provides a comprehensive, self-contained introduction to one of the most exciting frontiers in astrophysics today: the quest to understand how the oldest and most distant galaxies in our ... More


Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Adolfo Plasencia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The place of discovery and generation of human knowledge has become a somewhat fuzzy area, and it is at the crossroads of equally blurred disciplines where new glimpses of the future occur. This book ... More


Physics of Galaxy Evolution

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines galaxies in some detail from a largely theoretical perspective. Along the way, one must bear in mind that, although the described progression of events in this chapter is ... More


The Self-Organizing Social Mind

John Bolender

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014441
eISBN:
9780262289238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014441.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This book proposes a new explanation for the forms of social relations. It argues that the core of social-relational cognition exhibits beauty—in the physicist’s sense of the word, associated with ... More


Subluminal Mass

P. J. E. Peebles

in Cosmology's Century: An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691196022
eISBN:
9780691201665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196022.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter studies the presence of “subliminal matter.” The presence of significant mass in subluminal matter was first suggested in the 1930s by the surprisingly large velocities of galaxies in ... More


Homogeneity and Clustering

P. J. E. Peebles

in The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter traces the history of the development of ideas on the large-scale structure of the universe. Modern discussions of the nature of the large-scale matter distribution can be traced back to ... More


n-Point Correlation Functions: Descriptive Statistics

P. J. E. Peebles

in The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the statistical pattern of the galaxy distribution. It focuses on n-point correlation functions (analogs of the autocorrelation function and higher moments for a continuous ... More


Relativistic Theory of the Behavior of Irregularities in an Expanding World Model

P. J. E. Peebles

in The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the full relativistic analysis of the evolution of mass clustering. The full relativistic theory is needed to deal with three important aspects of density irregularities in the ... More


Exploring the Universe With a Microscope

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Results from the LHC can expand our knowledge of the early stages of the universe. The connection between the world of particle physics and the structure of our universe is probably one of the most ... More


External Bayesian Analysis for Computer Simulators *

Michael Goldstein

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Computer simulators offer a powerful approach for studying complex physical systems. We consider their use in current practice and the role of external uncertainty in bridging the gap between the ... More


The Context of the Extreme Right

della Porta and Caiani Wagemann

in Mobilizing on the Extreme Right: Germany, Italy, and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641260
eISBN:
9780191738654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641260.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 introduces to the political, social and cultural opportunities for the extreme right in Germany, Italy and the United States, pointing at the mix of similarities and differences between the ... More


The Age of Abundance of Cosmological Models

P. J. E. Peebles

in Cosmology's Century: An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691196022
eISBN:
9780691201665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196022.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines why in the early 1980s cosmologists co-opted the astronomers' subluminal mass and the particle physicists' nonbaryonic matter in what became known as the standard cold dark ... More


Introduction and Cosmological Background

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the essential aspects of the modern cosmological paradigm for understanding the formation of the first galaxies in the Universe. The basic question that cosmology attempts to ... More


The Intergalactic Medium

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the intergalactic medium (IGM). Although much of astronomy focuses on the luminous material inside galaxies, the majority of matter today—and the vast majority at z > 6—actually ... More


The Lyman-α‎ Line as a Probe of the Early Universe

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter investigates a number of specific observational probes of the high-redshift Universe. It examines the Lyman-α‎ line, an extraordinarily rich and useful—albeit complex—probe of both ... More


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