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 Summary and Conclusions

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This concluding chapter summarizes the records of capital formation and economic transformation during the 70-year period, and examines the net gains and losses of Korea's path between 1876 and 1945 ... More


What Is the Gain?: Cost versus Benefit

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the possible gain or benefit of losing a loved one. It describes the case of Benjamin, the father of a terminally ill four-year-old child, who realized that because of his ... More


Calamity, Conspiracy, and Chaos in Public Management

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Chapters 2–3 of the Introduction, the cultural‐theory framework is used to explore two central problems of public management—the analysis of the characteristic ways in which different forms of ... More


The Political Economy of Social Pacts: ‘Competitive Corporatism’ and European Welfare Reform

Martin Rhodes

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform; they explore the linkages between ... More


The Psychology of Willing

H. A. Prichard

in Moral Writings

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250196
eISBN:
9780191598265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250197.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Often an action causes both evil and benefit for the agent. No general account can be given for what happens when one considers in light of this evil and benefit whether to undertake the action in ... More


Energy gain

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Energy gain of ICF targets is modelled for different ignition configurations, such as isobaric ignition from a hot spot leading to propagating burn into cold fuel. Gain curves are presented, ... More


Anti-Insurance

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter proposes a novel contract, dubbed “anti-insurance,” that perfectly solves the paradox of compensation. Breach of contract by the promisor poses a risk of loss to the promisee. With ... More


The objectives of preventive medicine

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the scope and reasons for preventive medicine. It argues that the knowledge that we already possess is sufficient, if put into practice, to achieve great health gains for all ... More


Motoneurone populations and the gradation of muscle force

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Muscle force may be graded by two mechanisms (often used in parallel): (a) by activating a larger or smaller number of units (recruitment gradation), (b) by changing the spike-frequency for already ... More


Heterogeneous Gain Learning and Long Swings in Asset Prices

Blake LeBaron

in Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155234
eISBN:
9781400846450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155234.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter focuses on heterogeneous gain learning and long swings in asset prices. Many asset prices deviate from their fundamental values, yielding potential long-run predictability. Asset price ... More


The Economic Theory of WTP and WTA

W. Michael Hanemann

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The aim of this chapter is to examine the properties of welfare measures under alternative preference structures for q (the item being valued) and to identify the observable implications for measured ... More


Limitations and potentials of hearing aids

Brian C. J. Moore

in Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter describes the types of signal processing used in hearing aids to compensate for cochlear hearing loss. Topics covered include limitations of conventional hearing aids; general problems ... More


Cannibalism in Size-Structured Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The previous two chapters discussed how the size scaling of foraging and metabolic rates affected the dynamics of consumer-resource systems. Using different modeling approaches, it was shown that ... More


Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Stephen Handel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes the conceptual similarities and differences between auditory and visual perception. The incoming energy is a single world containing objects, events, and various sources of light ... More


Dollo parsimony and the reconstruction of genome evolution

Igor B. Rogozin, Yuri I. Wolf, Vladimir N. Babenko, and Eugene V. Koonin

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Dollo parsimony method is based on the assumption that a complex character that has been lost during evolution of a particular lineage cannot be regained. When applicable, this principle leads to ... More


Duns Scotus on Placement Problems

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus argues that Thomistic transubstantiation is the wrong change. What needs to be explained is not the whole-being of Christ's Body, but its being present on altars where mass is said. Scotus ... More


The Role of Housing Tax Provisions

Thomas Hemmelgarn, Gaetan Nicodeme, and Ernesto Zangari

in Taxation and the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698165
eISBN:
9780191738630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698165.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The 2008 financial crisis has been the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression of 1929. It has been characterized by a housing bubble in a context of rapid credit expansion, high ... More


Moving beyond the Crisis: Tax Policies for the Soundness of Financial Markets

Geoff Lloyd

in Taxation and the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698165
eISBN:
9780191738630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698165.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Systemic tax biases in favour of corporate debt financing and investment returns in the form of capital gains may have strengthened non-tax incentives to greater leverage, greater risk taking, and a ... More


Gain Control and External and Internal Noise

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One fundamental problem for the auditory and visual systems is that the range of external energy is far greater than the firing range of individual neurons. To minimize response saturation, both ... More


Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This volume reviews the most recent research on brain drain and brain gain, producing new original results by the means of data sources specifically assembled for this study, and addressing several ... More


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