Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: fuzzy sets x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Meaning and Measurement

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how translation problems are manifested across the qualitative and quantitative cultures for issues related to concepts and measurement. In the quantitative research paradigm, ... More


Fuzzy Logic in the Broad Sense

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben, and George J. Klir

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190200015
eISBN:
9780190200039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200015.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

The chapter begins by introducing the important and useful distinction between the research agendas of fuzzy logic in the narrow and the broad senses. The chapter deals with the latter agenda, whose ... More


Semantics, Statistics, and Data Transformations

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the qualitative view of variable transformation using the Fundamental Principle of Variable Transformation. According to the Fundamental Principle of Variable Transformation, ... More


The Conditions for Pacts: A Fuzzy-Set Analysis of the Resurgence of Tripartite Concertation 1

Sabina Avdagic

in Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution, and Institutionalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199590742
eISBN:
9780191728891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590742.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

Chapter 2 presents a fuzzy-set analysis (fs/QCA) of fourteen West European countries during the 1990s. Comparing the extent of government involvement and the policy scope of social pacts, the chapter ... More


Prehistory, Emergence, and Evolution of Fuzzy Logic

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben, and George J. Klir

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190200015
eISBN:
9780190200039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200015.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

This chapter first identifies the rare instances throughout the long history of classical logic when the principle of bivalence was challenged and shows that they all have been rather ... More


From Variables to Fuzzy Sets

Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

in Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226414379
eISBN:
9780226414546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Chapter 4 details the construction of the fuzzy sets we use in the set-theoretic analyses presented in chapters 5-8. Fuzzy sets capture the degree of membership of cases in sets, with scores ranging ... More


Measuring the Population of a Northeast Thai Village

Aree Prohmmo and John Bryant

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The definitions of village membership used by ordinary people imply village populations that are variable and fuzzy. The definitions used by administrators, including leaders of village ... More


Conclusion: Information Technology and Democratic Islam

Philip N. Howard

in The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736416
eISBN:
9780199866441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736416.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter takes a transnational approach to answering a crucial question: What role does the internet have in the democratic transitions of Muslim countries? The previous four chapters reviewed ... More


State Fragility: Concept and Measurement

Mina Baliamoune-Lutz and Mark McGillivray

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The international donor community has grave concerns about the prospects for poverty reduction in what it terms ‘fragile states’. A state is classified as fragile if its country policy and ... More


The Comparative Performance of Government IT

Patrick Dunleavy, Helen Margetts, Simon Bastow, and Jane Tinkler

in Digital Era Governance: IT Corporations, the State, and e-Government

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199296194
eISBN:
9780191700750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296194.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter assesses the comparative performance of government IT systems in seven countries: United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, the Netherlands, United States, and Canada. The ... More


Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty Assessment

Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José Manuel Roche, and Paola Ballón

in Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199689491
eISBN:
9780191793745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a constructive survey of the major existing methods for measuring multidimensional poverty. Many measures were motivated by the basic needs approach, the capability approach, ... More


Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA): What It Is, What It Does, and How It Works

Claudius Wagemann

in Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719571
eISBN:
9780191788666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719571.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is introduced as a research design which can be a fruitful tool for the (comparative) analysis of social movements. QCA is a case-study ... More


Aims and Scope of This Book

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben, and George J. Klir

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190200015
eISBN:
9780190200039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200015.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

This chapter is a general introduction to the book and an overview of its content. It describes the aims and scope of the book, and explains why a historical perspective is essential for achieving ... More


Plausibility and Scope: Out-of-Sample Tests

Juan Pablo Luna

in Segmented Representation: Political Party Strategies in Unequal Democracies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199642649
eISBN:
9780191778643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642649.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 analyzes the external validity of the argument by using a large-N cross-national analysis combining fuzzy-set analyses with simple econometric models. The descriptive and explanatory ... More


Compliance with the Obligation to Adopt a NHRAP

Azadeh Chalabi

in National Human Rights Action Planning

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198822844
eISBN:
9780191861291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822844.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Part II, ‘Doctrinal Perspectives’, is structured in two chapters: Chapter 3 and Chapter 4. Chapter 4, which is concerned with the state’s compliance with the obligation to adopt a National Human ... More


Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics: A Historical Perspective

Radim Belohlavek, Joseph W. Dauben, and George J. Klir

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190200015
eISBN:
9780190200039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200015.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

The term “fuzzy logic” (FL) is a generic one, which stands for a broad variety of logical systems. Their common ground is the rejection of the most fundamental principle of classical logic—the ... More


Qualitative comparative analysis for reviewing evidence and making decisions

Matt Ryan

in Evidence-Based Policy Making in the Social Sciences: Methods That Matter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447329367
eISBN:
9781447329480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329367.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at another technique that has grown in popularity – qualitative comparative analysis – in the social sciences to analyse situations with comparative rigour through access to ... More


Uncertainty in Geology

C. John Mann

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0025
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

The nuclear waste programs of the United States and other countries have forced geologists to think specifically about probabilities of natural events, because the legal requirements to license ... More


Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty

Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226414379
eISBN:
9780226414546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The central analytic focus of most policy-oriented social research today is the assessment of the relative importance of competing independent variables in multivariate analyses. A researcher might ... More


Cross-National Variation in Growth Models: Three Sources of Extra Demand

Georg Picot

in Growth and Welfare in Advanced Capitalist Economies: How Have Growth Regimes Evolved?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198866176
eISBN:
9780191898389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866176.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The chapter presents a new framework for categorizing economic growth models and applies it to twenty-eight OECD countries from 1995 to 2016. The framework draws on three fundamental ways in which ... More


View: