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Keep Your Doors Open: Shaping the Future

Robert Wuthnow

in Small-Town America: Finding Community, Shaping the Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157207
eISBN:
9781400846498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157207.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the future that small communities may—or may not—hold for the next generation. As residents nearly always see it, young people who grow up in small towns should go to college in ... More


Extending the Ramsey Rule to an Uncertain Economic Growth

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the prospect of uncertainty in planning for the future. In fact, it is commonly accepted that individuals are ready to sacrifice more in the present for the future when this ... More


Goal-Directed Behavior and Future Planning in Animals

Anthony Dickinson

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws a distinction between two forms of prospective behavior, goal-directed behavior and future planning, in terms of the motivational relevance of the goal or outcome of the behavior. ... More


Search Processes and Hippocampus

A. David Redish

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Deliberation entails the sequential, serial search through possible options. This means that deliberation requires a mechanism to represent the structure of the world, from which predictions can be ... More


Envisioning the Future and Self-Regulation

Shelley E. Taylor

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews research on mental simulations. Mental simulations can help people manage potential problems and reach goals that might otherwise be more difficult. Such activities as health ... More


Mechanisms for Decisions about the Future

Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Evolutionary and psychological perspectives on decision making remain largely separate endeavors. The bounded rationality approach integrates these two perspectives by focusing on simple, plausible ... More


Evolution, Memory, and the Role of Self-Referent Recall in Planning for the Future

Stanley B. Klein

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The goal in this chapter is to make a case for evolution as one of the core concepts in the scientific study of memory (e.g., Klein, Cosmides, Tooby, & Chance, 2002; Sherry & Schacter, 1987). At its ... More


The Construction System of the Brain

Demis Hassabis and Eleanor A. Maguire

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The recollection of episodic memories is widely accepted to be a reconstructive process as opposed to the simple retrieval of a perfect holistic record. In the context of real-world experiences, a ... More


Sustaining Long-Term Research: Collaboration, Multidisciplinarity and Synthesis in the Long-Term Ecological Research Program

Robert B. Waide

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program was created by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to encourage comparative study of ecological ... More


The Neural Basis of Language

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The findings discussed in this book lead to a first integrative view on the neurobiology of language, which proposes that BA 44 and the arcuate fasciculus are those brain structures that have evolved ... More


Long-Term Ecological Research Over the Long Term: A Historian’s Perspective

Christopher Hamlin

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0068
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

There are many precedents for long-term research in the history of science. Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program’s current identity reflects ... More


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