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Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

After discussing the various definitions of democracy, the chapter laments the paucity and inadequacy of the literature on anti‐democratic thought. Hirschman's three categories of ‘reactionary’ ... More


The Futility Thesis

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The futility thesis argues that power elites are necessary in society. Two different types of explanation are offered: psychological and organizational. The former is illustrated through a critical ... More


The Preaching of the Resurrection of Christ in Augustine, Luther, Barth, and Thielicke

Marguerite Shuster

in The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Resurrection of Jesus

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269854
eISBN:
9780191600517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269854.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The absolute centrality of the resurrection of Christ to Christian faith can be seen clearly articulated by major preachers–theologians from the Apostle Paul through Augustine, Luther, Barth, and ... More


The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

David French

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The popular image of the First World War is dominated by two misconceptions. The first holds that the war was an exercise in futility in which incompetent upper class generals callously sacrificed an ... More


Futile Pleasures: Early Modern Literature and the Limits of Utility

Corey McEleney

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272655
eISBN:
9780823272709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272655.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Futile Pleasures examines the contradictory role that pleasure played in early modern English writers’ attempts to justify the utility and value of poetry. Drawing on the methodological resources of ... More


Allocating Resources: A Joint Scientific and Deliberative Approach

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the question of priority setting for competing needs when resources are scarce. It begins with the broader societal perspective, because fair decisions must balance spending on ... More


Narcissism in Emotion

David Pugmire

in Sound Sentiments: Integrity in the Emotions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276899
eISBN:
9780191602689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276897.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Is emotion a form of concern with things as they affect my well-being (and thus instrumental in this sense)? Many philosophers think it is, and emotion does have ways of becoming markedly ... More


Living High, Stealing and Letting Die: The Main Truth of Some Related Puzzles

Peter Unger

in Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108590
eISBN:
9780199868261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108590.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A specific distortional tendency promotes our misleading responses to many moral cases; one example is the lenient response often given to cases of distant suffering. Various factors are relevant to ... More


Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

Torbjörn Tännsjö

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946883
eISBN:
9780190946913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946883.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The three most promising theories of distributive ethics are presented: Utilitarianism, with or without a prioritarian amendment. The maximin/leximin theory. Egalitarianism. Utilitarianism urges us ... More


Hart versus Dworkin, Europe versus America

Richard A. Posner

in Law and Legal Theory in England and America

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264712
eISBN:
9780191682773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264712.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

In some settings it is feasible and even necessary to define ‘law’, for instance, where the word appears in a statute. The question ‘What is law’?, when posed in a class in jurisprudence or in a book ... More


Caterpillage: Death and Truthiness in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Still Life Painting

Judith H. Anderson and Joan Pong Linton

in Go Figure: Energies, Forms, and Institutions in the Early Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823233496
eISBN:
9780823241224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233496.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Ever since its emergence at the turn of the seventeenth century, the aesthetic body of Dutch still life painting has been hamstrung by iconography. Viewed through the magnific lens of Britannica ... More


The Politics of Second Chances: Waste, Futility, and the Debate Over Jesica's Second Transplant

Keith Wailoo and Julie Livingston

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.9
Subject:
History, Social History

Jesica Santillan's second heart and lung transplant on February 21, 2003 became a controversial turning point that generated a wide range of problematic, uninformed, or widely speculative ... More


Drawing Distinctions: Defining, Reclaiming, and Analysing Moral Concepts

John McMillan

in The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Meta-Bioethics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199603756
eISBN:
9780191862885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199603756.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing distinctions is the second important class of methods in moral argument. Our choice of concepts and how they defined can often be ‘programmatic’, meaning that the concept itself implies ... More


Futilitarianism: An Introduction

Corey McEleney

in Futile Pleasures: Early Modern Literature and the Limits of Utility

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272655
eISBN:
9780823272709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272655.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The introduction begins by addressing how current debates about the value of literary studies and the humanities often return to the English Renaissance. It then lays out the argument of the book, ... More


Pleasure without Profit

Corey McEleney

in Futile Pleasures: Early Modern Literature and the Limits of Utility

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272655
eISBN:
9780823272709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272655.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The first chapter lays the groundwork for the rest of the study by pursuing three goals: it offers a preliminary investigation of the utility and value that early modern writers intended for their ... More


Bonfire of the Vanities

Corey McEleney

in Futile Pleasures: Early Modern Literature and the Limits of Utility

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272655
eISBN:
9780823272709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272655.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Chapter Two extends the work of the previous chapter by offering a more focused critique of the rhetorical and ideological strategies by which aesthetic pleasure has been devalued in both Renaissance ... More


Coda: Less Matter, More Art

Corey McEleney

in Futile Pleasures: Early Modern Literature and the Limits of Utility

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272655
eISBN:
9780823272709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272655.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The coda identifies the double binds that the book attempts to grapple with. Specifically, it explains the performativity of the study and argues that rethinking the pleasures and literariness of ... More


End-Stage Anorexia: Criteria for Competence to Refuse Treatment

Margery Gans and Willam B. Gunn Jr.

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this paper, the authors introduce a case in which the central question was the competence of a woman in the end stages of anorexia nervosa to refuse treatment when she knew that death was a likely ... More


Gallantry

Guy Cuthbertson

in Wilfred Owen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300153002
eISBN:
9780300198553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153002.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

After being a disabled officer for more than a year, the Medical Board officially decided on June 4, 1918 that Wilfred Owen has already recovered from his neurasthenia. Although he was expecting to ... More


The Cutoff Problem, or Where and How to Draw the Line

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter introduces various approaches for deciding what healthcare interventions it is reasonable to ration and how this might be accomplished. The discussion considers other approaches that ... More


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