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Contractor of Empire

Ilya Vinkovetsky

in Russian America: An Overseas Colony of a Continental Empire, 1804-1867

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195391282
eISBN:
9780199894369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391282.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter outlines and analyzes the structure, function, and goals of the Russian-American Company (RAC) as a business venture, an imperial factor, and a colonial administration. It focuses on ... More


“In Time This City Will Become Conspicuous”: The Development of Non-Fur-Trade Commerce

Catherine Cangany

in Frontier Seaport: Detroit's Transformation into an Atlantic Entrepot

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226096704
eISBN:
9780226096841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226096841.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter one places Detroit within the early eighteenth-century fur trade, sketching the networks, routes, commodities, and business practices that characterized it. It focuses particularly on French ... More


“Here before Christ”: Fur Trade, the “Beaver Republic” (Hudson’s Bay Company), and Fur Trapping Today

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the historical impact of fur trapping and fur trade on beaver populations. The beaver has lured fur trappers and traders more and more deeply into the northern wilderness from ... More


Emergence: Creating a Metis Borderland

Michel Hogue

in Metis and the Medicine Line: Creating a Border and Dividing a People

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621050
eISBN:
9781469623238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621050.003.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter traces the emergence of Metis communities around Plains fur trading posts and the subsequent growth and elaboration of Plains Metis culture in the first decades of the nineteenth ... More


Beyond St. Louis: Negotiating the Course of Empire

Jay Gitlin

in The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101188
eISBN:
9780300155761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101188.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

The French, particularly the Chouteau family, were remarkably successful as merchants in St. Louis, not only because of their entrepreneurial skill and their political acumen, but also because of ... More


Siberia in Eurasian Context

Erika Monahan

in The Merchants of Siberia: Trade in Early Modern Eurasia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454073
eISBN:
9781501703973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454073.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter situates Siberia in the Eurasian context. Local Siberian populations endemically endured encounters with nomadic groups that migrated across the continent in waves. Many of these groups ... More


Molt and Winter Whitening

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasels molt twice a year, by the same process everywhere. This chapter begins by describing the hormonal control of this cycle. In predictably cold climates, the new autumn hair grows out white over ... More


Inveterate Wars and Petty Pilferings

Joshua L. Reid

in The Sea Is My Country: The Maritime World of the Makahs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300209907
eISBN:
9780300213683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209907.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter explores the role of violence and theft within the ča·di· (“cha-dee”) borderland during the era of maritime fur trading. Although these activities marked encounters among Natives and ... More


“Depending on the Success or Good-Will of the Natives”

Joshua L. Reid

in The Sea Is My Country: The Maritime World of the Makahs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300209907
eISBN:
9780300213683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209907.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

As the maritime fur trade shifted its focus farther north along the Northwest Coast during the early nineteenth century, Makah men used whaling to engage the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC), a new ... More


“The Power of Wickaninnish Ends Here”

Joshua L. Reid

in The Sea Is My Country: The Maritime World of the Makahs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300209907
eISBN:
9780300213683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209907.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter opens with the 1788 encounter between Chief Tatoosh, the highest-ranked Makah titleholder at the time, and John Meares, a British maritime fur trader. Focusing on the web of regional ... More


Turning Points in Iroquois History: A Re-Evaluation

Kurt A. Jordan

in The Seneca Restoration, 1715–1754: An Iroquois Local Political Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032511
eISBN:
9780813039428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032511.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Scholars have identified five main turning points that they claim initiated Iroquois decline. The first model holds that Iroquois matrilineal institutions were unable to endure the demographic ... More


The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion

Jay Gitlin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101188
eISBN:
9780300155761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101188.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Histories tend to emphasize conquest by Anglo-Americans as the driving force behind the development of the American West. However, this book argues that the activities of the French are crucial to ... More


Contextualizing the Chinook at Contact: The Middle Village

Douglas C. Wilson, Kenneth M. Ames, and Cameron M. Smith

in Frontiers of Colonialism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054346
eISBN:
9780813053073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054346.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Employing an indigenous-centered perspective, this chapter explores the impact of material objects recovered from houses, hearths, and camp facilities received by the Chinook (at the mouth of the ... More


How the West Was Sold

Jay Gitlin

in The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101188
eISBN:
9780300155761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101188.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

After the War of 1812, St. Louis emerged as a clearinghouse for regional settlement and a route to the Far West—especially New Mexico and the Upper Missouri. It also became the center of the nation's ... More


Foundations of the St. Louis Fur Trade

Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

in St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038976
eISBN:
9780252096938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on the obscure men who initiated the fur trade that emanated from St. Louis, among them Pierre Laclède Liguest, Jean-Louis Lambert dit Lafleur, and Louis Perrault. In his classic ... More


“They Are Fit to Eat the Divel and Smoak His Mother”: Labor, Leisure, Tobacco Pipes, and Smoking Customs among French Canadian Voyageurs during the Fur Trade Era

Rob Mann

in Archaeological Perspectives on the French in the New World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054391
eISBN:
9780813053127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054391.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Smoking tobacco pipes was more than simply a leisure practice among labor class French Canadian voyageurs. Rather, smoking played an active role in the struggle over the terms and conditions of the ... More


Food and Furs at French Fort St. Joseph

Michael S. Nassaney and Terrance J. Martin

in Archaeological Perspectives on the French in the New World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054391
eISBN:
9780813053127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054391.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Fort St. Joseph was an important French trading post in the western Great Lakes for nearly a century. Furs and provisions from the region were exchanged for imported goods such as cloth, metal tools, ... More


Tracing the Fur Trade: British Fort Sites along the Columbia River

Robert J. Cromwell

in British Forts and Their Communities: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056753
eISBN:
9780813053646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056753.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The origins of historical archaeology in the Pacific Northwest of North America in the mid-twentieth century concentrated on the excavations of British terrestrial fur trade forts, but little ... More


Managing the Tribe of Chouteau

Jay Gitlin

in The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101188
eISBN:
9780300155761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101188.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

Kinship ties were important to the French of the Creole Corridor. Creole merchant capitalists, as a primarily urban group with commercial aspirations and genteel cultural practices, valued continuity ... More


Treasures of the Forest, the Field and the Mine

Jenni Calder

in Lost in the Backwoods: Scots and the North American Wilderness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748647392
eISBN:
9780748689279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647392.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Exploration was the vanguard of commercial development with economic imperatives impelling the opening up of the frontier. The huge influx of immigrants in the nineteenth century put pressure on land ... More


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