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Representing Social Actors

Theo Van Leeuwen

in Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323306
eISBN:
9780199869251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents a framework for analyzing how the participants of social practices can be, and are, represented in English discourse. It outlines and exemplifies the social and critical import ... More


Scholars of Faith: South Asian Muslim Women and the Embodiment of Religious Knowledge

Usha Sanyal

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190120801
eISBN:
9780199099900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190120801.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Since the late twentieth century, new institutions of Islamic learning for South Asian women and girls have emerged rapidly, particularly in urban areas and in the diaspora. This book reflects upon ... More


Self‐Representationalism and the Reduction of Consciousness

Uriah Kriegel

in Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the self‐representational theory accounts for the sense that there is an explanatory gap between physical facts and the facts of consciousness. Kriegel suggests that that ... More


Real Reduction in Real Neuroscience: Metascience, Not Philosophy of Science (and Certainly Not Metaphysics!)

John Bickle

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that much discussion between philosophers and neuroscientists is infected by philosophical assumptions about the nature of reduction. Instead we should pursue an unbiased ... More


Functional Group Oxidation and Reduction

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Christophe Darcel and Jean- Baptiste Sortais of the CNRS-Université Rennes 1 reduced (Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 10010) an acid 1 to the aldehyde 2 with a Mn catalyst ... More


Reduction of Organic Functional Groups

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Cornelis J. Elsevier of the University of Amsterdam developed (ACS Catal. 2014, 4, 1349) an improved Pd-based protocol for the hydrogenation of an alkyne 1 to the ... More


Organic Functional Group Protection and Deprotection

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Martin Oestreich of the Technische Universität Berlin developed (Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2014, 2077) the Birch reduction product 2 as a donor for the silylation of an ... More


Organic Functional Group Protection

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Sentaro Okamoto of Kanagawa University developed (Tetrahedron Lett. 2014, 55, 7039) an organocatalyst that mediated the selective acylation of 1 to give the pri­mary ... More


Flow Chemistry

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0018
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Arturo Macchi of the University of Ottawa and Dominique M. Roberge of Lonza sum­marized (Org. Process Res. Dev. 2014, 18, 1286) a “toolbox approach” for the evolution ... More


Construction of Alkylated Stereocenters

Zara M. Seibel and Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0035
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Hirohisa Ohmiya and Masaya Sawamura at Hokkaido University reported (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 5350) the copper-catalyzed, γ-selective allylation of terminal ... More


Alkylated Stereogenic Centers: The Jia Synthesis of (−)-Goniomitine

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0037
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

John W. Wong of Pfizer and Kurt Faber of the University of Graz used (Adv. Synth. Catal. 2014, 356, 1878) a wild-type enzyme to reduce the nitrile 1 to 2 in high ee. ... More


C–O Ring Construction: The Smith Synthesis of (+)-18-epi-Latrunculol A

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0046
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

James A. Bull of Imperial College London showed (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 14230) that the malonate 1 could readily be cyclized to the oxetane 2. Davide Ravelli ... More


C–O Ring Construction: Sauropus Hexoside (Xie/Wu), (+)-Ipomeamarone (Usuki), Decytospolide A (Fujioka), Cytospolide P (Goswami), (+)-Didemniserinolipid B (Tong), Gymnothelignan N (She)

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0051
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

A range of biological activity was observed for the group of 3,6-anhydro-2-deoxy hexosides, of which 3 is representative, isolated from Sauropus rostratus. Wei-Jia Xie ... More


C–O Ring-Containing Natural Products: (+)-Isatisine A (Panek), Cephalasporolide E (Sartillo-Piscil), (+)-Xestodecalactone ( Jennings), Colchilomycin B (Banwell), Lactimidomycin (Georg), 5,6-Dihydrocineromycin B (Fürstner)

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0052
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

(+)-Isatisine A 4 was isolated from Isatis indigotica, long used in traditional Asian medicine for the treatment of viral diseases. James S. Panek of Boston University ... More


C–N Ring Construction: The Glorius Synthesis of ent-Monomorine

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0054
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Ryan Gilmour of the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster employed (Chem. Eur. J. 2014, 20, 794) an organocatalyst to direct the enantioselective aziridination of ... More


Substituted Benzenes: The Garg Synthesis of Tubingensin A

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0062
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

John F. Hartwig of the University of California, Berkeley devised (Science 2014, 343, 853) conditions for the regioselective silylation of an arene 1 to give 2. The ... More


Metal-Mediated C–C Ring Construction: The Lei Synthesis of (−)-Huperzine Q

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0076
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Following the Szymoniak protocol, Morwenna S. M. Pearson-Long and Philippe Bertus of the Université du Maine added (Synthesis 2015, 47, 992) the Grignard rea­gent 2 to ... More


Self-Replication and Autocatalysis

Volker Patzke and Günter von Kiedrowski

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses electronic microfluidic systems as tools that aid in the combinatorial synthesis, functionalization, and programming of the first artificial cells. It focuses on the issue of ... More


Tip Treatment

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various methods for tip treatment. First, a general discussion about the experimental facts of STM and AFM tips is presented, which points to the subtleties and significance of ... More


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