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Summary Conclusion

JONATHAN COHEN

in The Red and the Real: An Essay on Color Ontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199556168
eISBN:
9780191701672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556168.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In summary, the start of this essay provided two accounts of the nature of color in terms of a distinction between relationalist accounts and non-relationalist accounts. A novel taxonomy of the ... More


Constructing for Understanding

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows that the artificial system constructed in this study demonstrates how speech codes, sharing important properties with those of humans, could be created in a population of agents in ... More


Introduction

DEREK MATTHEWS, MALCOLM ANDERSON, and JOHN RICHARD EDWARDS

in The Priesthood of Industry: The Rise of the Professional Accountant in British Management

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289609
eISBN:
9780191684753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289609.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

This introductory chapter discusses the emergence of different professionals in Britain, particularly professional accountants. Previously, the school of thought among sociologists studying the ... More


The Invention of Religion

William T. Cavanaugh

in The Myth of Religious Violence: Secular Ideology and the Roots of Modern Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385045
eISBN:
9780199869763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385045.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter provides a genealogy of the concept of religion in the West, a genealogy of the concept in colonial contexts outside the West, and an analysis of substantivist and functionalist theories ... More


The Evolution of Consciousness

Euan Macphail

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Are non-human animals conscious? When do babies begin to feel pain? What function is served by consciousness? What evidence could resolve these issues? These questions are tackled by exploring ... More


Introduction

PAUL WINDOLF

in Corporate Networks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256976
eISBN:
9780191719639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256976.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Theories explaining the meaning of corporate networks can be divided into two categories: functionalist theories explain networks by way of the economic and social functions they fulfill, while power ... More


Teaching the Critics: One Route through The Elementary Forms

Terry F. Godlove, Jr.

in Teaching Durkheim

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195165272
eISBN:
9780199784554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165276.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a sympathetic portrayal of Durkheim's “theory of religion” in the Elementary Forms of Religious Life (EF) in the context of major criticisms of that work. It shows that EF puts ... More


“Economizing” and the Evolution of Political-Economic Institutions

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

Economic functionalism supposedly answers questions regarding how the development of social systems should be conceived as ‘economizing’ and other such questions unambiguously and affirmatively. The ... More


From System to Process

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

The notion of complementarity, or how two institutions enhance each others' performance, belongs in a functionalist view where social structures are explained by the tasks associated with these ... More


New Paths

David E. Shi

in Facing Facts: Realism in American Thought and Culture, 1850–1920

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195106534
eISBN:
9780199854097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106534.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

At the same time that journalists and editors were celebrating the vibrant new urban culture emerging in the United States at the point of mid-century, several commentators were criticizing the ... More


The Dispositional-Categorical Distinction

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the contrasts that are drawn between dispositions and occurrences, structures and categorical properties. The second section presents the first objection to the orthodox view ... More


A Role Functionalist Theory of Color

JONATHAN COHEN

in The Red and the Real: An Essay on Color Ontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199556168
eISBN:
9780191701672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556168.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, the role functionalist form of relationalism, the idea that the relations that constitute colors are functional relations — relations involving the performance of a certain ... More


The Body

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Shields begins the investigation of the practical application of homonymy by considering the principle use of discrete, seductive homonymy; the body, for Aristotle, is a discreet homonym. Aristotle's ... More


Existing Theories

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses two major approaches — reductionist and functionalist — to answer several questions regarding speech. It describes reductionist as an approach that studies the properties of ... More


Understanding partisan identification

David Ranc

in Foreign Players and Football Supporters: The Old Firm, Arsenal, Paris Saint-Germain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719086120
eISBN:
9781781702246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086120.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

What is a football supporter? Why do they identify with a given team? What does a review of literature have to say about partisan identification? Determinants of support are looked at from the point ... More


Strict Liability and the Presumption of Innocence: An Exposé of Functionalist Assumptions

Paul Roberts

in Appraising Strict Liability

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278510
eISBN:
9780191706967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278510.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the conceptual, jurisprudential, and moral foundations of the argument for functional quivalence between strict criminal liability and procedural doctrines implicating the ... More


Speech acts and functions

Willem J.M. Levelt

in A History of Psycholinguistics: The Pre-Chomskyan Era

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653669
eISBN:
9780191742040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653669.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers parallel European functionalist approaches to psycholinguistics. It reviews the slightly fragmented history of ideas on language-in-use, as it was developed by Philip Wegener, ... More


Functionalism Redux:: How Adaptive Action Constrains Perception, Simulation, and Evolved Intuitions

Ezequiel Morsella, Merrit A. Hoover,, and John A. Bargh

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers body perception from a functionalist perspective in which mental phenomena (representations and subjective states) guide an organism’s behavior. From this perspective, body ... More


Understanding Deviance in a World of Standards

Andrea Fried (ed.)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198833888
eISBN:
9780191872242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833888.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Knowledge Management

Standards have become widespread regulatory tools that promote global trade, innovation, efficiency, and quality. They contribute significantly to the creation of safe, reliable, and high-quality ... More


Kinship, Friendship, and Patron-Client Relations in Complex Societies

Eric R. Wolf

in Pathways of Power: Building an Anthropology of the Modern World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223332
eISBN:
9780520924871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223332.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The anthropologist's study of complex societies receives its major justification from the fact that such societies are not as well organized and tightly knit. There are political resources that are ... More


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